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研究生:彭錦振
研究生(外文):Peng, Cheng-chen
論文名稱:溫室效應下物種變異與人類環境的互動分析---兼以熵為論點
論文名稱(外文):Greenhouse effect on the interation between man and pathogens
指導教授:丘依樞, 陳炳煌
指導教授(外文):Isu Kyu, Ping-Huang Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:環境科學系
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:溫室效應物種變異埃及斑蚊登革熱
外文關鍵詞:greenhouse effectbiological variationAedes aegyptidengue feverentropy
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由於氣候變遷,影響整個地球的生態系統,而環境的變動對不同物種亦有
不同的影響,有些物種滅絕、有些播遷、有些突變、有些則留在原地調適
生存,尤其是變溫生物受環境的影響大,而因病媒和病原體為變溫生物,
所以易受環境變化的干擾,間接的也會影響疾病的散播,因此本研究以登
革熱的病媒埃及斑蚊為試驗材料。本研究並以熵的觀點探討物種的變異,
並以Arrhenius模式探討埃及斑蚊生長速率與溫度之關係,且因為環境會
影響物種性別的決定,又因蟲媒疾病的散播係靠雌蚊吸血的過程所傳染,
所以疾病的傳播,雌蚊就佔有舉足輕重的角色,因此另探討溫度與性別比
例之關係,同時也進一步探討高雄地區疑似登革熱病例數與氣溫、雨量、
相對溼度的相關性。結果顯示埃及斑蚊各時期以Arrhenius公式所得之發
育速率活化能皆在2-3(kcal/mole),雌雄比與溫度無顯著關係存在,高
雄地區登革熱疑似病例數與前一月平均氣溫、前一月雨量、前一月相對溼
度有極顯著關係存在。

Climatic change influences global ecological system, which
in turn influences different species. Some of the
species extincts , migrates and mutates, however, some
adapts themselves in the local. For example, coldblooded
animals are influenced by the surrounding environmental.
Being coldblooded, the vector and pathogenic organisms
are interfered by environmental change easily and the
spread of the disease will be altered indirectly. In
the present thesis, Aedes aegypti , the vector of dengue
fever, is selected as the study material.In the study,
the species variety is discussed from the entropy point
of view and the relationship between the growth rate
and the temperature is studied in the Arrhenius model.
Since environment could determine the species gender and
the infectious process through female mosquito bite is
related to the dispersal of the entomophilous disease,
therefore the female mosquito plays most significant role
in the disease spreading. Thus, the relationship of
temperature to the gender proportion is discussed. In
the mean time, whether the number of suspected dengue
fever cases in Kaohsiung area is related to the
climatic factor is also included in the study.As to the
activation energy of Aedes aegypti growth as studied for
each period was found to be about 2-3 kcal/mole in the
Arrhenius model. The gender proportion is not influenced
by the temperature. The relationship between the number
of suspected dengue fever cases and the average
temperature, rainfall and relative moisture of previous
month was significant.

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