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研究生:梁國輝
研究生(外文):Liang, Gwo-huei
論文名稱:美國在波斯灣危機中之干涉政策與危機處理:1990~1991
論文名稱(外文):American Intervention aod Crisis Management in the Gulf Crisis:1990~1991
指導教授:戴萬欽戴萬欽引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tai Wan-chin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:美國研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:176
中文關鍵詞:美國波斯灣危機干涉政策危機處理
外文關鍵詞:AmericanCrisis ManagementGulf CrisisIntervention
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:156
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
一九九○年八月二日,伊拉克揮軍入侵科威特,企圖以軍事的手段解決與
科威特的爭端。伊拉克此舉立即引起國際社會之公憤,以美國為首之西方
國家紛予譴責。透過美國的積極運作,籌組多國聯軍、廣募作戰經費,尋
求聯合國之支持,雖經多次外交斡旋,和平仍然無望。一九九一年一月十
六日,多國部隊發動對伊拉克的反攻,將伊軍逐出科威特,恢復賈比爾政
權。本文的研究目的主要在了解美國的對外用兵政策,對於區域性衝突危
機的因應方式,以及波灣危機對於美國外交政策走向的實質影響,並研析
伊科衝突的歷史緣由。至於本文所參考之文獻則取自相關中英文著作、期
刊、報紙、官方文件等。所採用的研究方法係從干涉的理論分析美國在波
斯灣的外交政策,並從決策理論探討美國在波斯灣危機期間的危機處理過
程。研究內容則包含美國波斯灣政策的歷史背景,對於波灣危機的干涉策
略與決策過程,以及波斯灣戰爭對中東及世界局勢之影響。本文所獲致的
研究結果顯示,美國未來將繼續以國際集體力量維持中東地區的和平與穩
定,對於區域性的衝突危機將以軍事干預作為制定其危機外交政策的後盾
。此外,美國與伊拉克的關係,將因波灣戰爭而使兩國關係處於不穩定狀
態,這將直接影響中東地區,尤其是波斯灣地區的和平穩定與否。美國在
本地區的外交政策,將必須比過去更加謹慎從事,已避免新危機的再發生

On 2 August 1990, Iraq intruded Kuwait and overthrew
Jabir''s regime,attempting to solve disputes with Kuwait by
military means. Iraqi actionsimmediately caused condemnations
from the West headed by the United States ofAmerica.
Accordingly, U.S. sought to organize multinational forces,
topersuade the allies to share war expenditures, and to gain
political consensusin the United Nations. Although, in the
meantime, many diplomatic endeavorswere made, peace was still
hopeless. On 16 January 1991, the Allied forces took military
actions ---''Desert Storm''--- to expel Iraqi troops from
Kuwaitand restored Jabir''s regime. Purposes of the
thesis are composed ofcomprehending American foreign
military interventions, understanding thesettling methods
of regional armed conflict crises, and researching
neworientation of American foreign policy after the Gulf
War. As for thedocuments, the thesis consists of some
related materials stem from books,journals, newspapers, and
official documents. Theoretically, the thesis adoptsthe theory
of interventionism to analyze American foreign policy in the
Gulf.The thesis also takes decision-making theory to study the
U.S. government howto operate her crisis diplomacy in the Gulf
Crisis. This dissertation containsstudying historical
background of American foreign policy in Persian Gulf,
analyzing American interventionist strategy and the
process of crisismanagement in the Gulf Crisis, and in final
part of the thesis discussing theaftermath in Middle East and
new world order after the Gulf War. Theresearching
results of this thesis demonstrate that the U.S. will
operateinternational collective power to maintain the peace
and stability of MiddleEast in the future. On the other hand,
the United States will lay down hercrisis diplomacy by
military involvement threats in dealing with
regionalcontingent crisis. In addition, relations between the U.
S. and Iraq will be inan unstable situation. This will exert a
tremendous influence on the peace andstability in Persian Gulf.
Accordingly, American foreign policy in the regionwill be
necessary to be more prudent to avoid breaking out new crisis.
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