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研究生:黃淑華
研究生(外文):Huang, Shu-hwa
論文名稱:國外人力資本與經濟成長-台灣實證分析
論文名稱(外文):Foreign Human Capital and Economic Growth-Analyze in Taiwan
指導教授:莊希豐莊希豐引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shi-feng Chuang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:財務金融學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:人力資本內生化成長共整合
外文關鍵詞:human capitalendogenous growthcointegration
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台彎近年來經濟成長率逐年下降,且存在高學歷高失業率之潛在隱憂
,面對此一經濟 狀況,政府是否有必要調整其教育政策,但Lucas、
Stokey等又強調教育投資對經濟成長 有重大影響,每個國家皆應致力於
提高人民受教育水準,使具有高技能,而能生產高品質 、高價值產品,
享有高利潤。

為提高經濟成長及改善高失業率之經濟現況,政府可否借助於國外經驗,
引進國外新 技術、新科技,提高勞動競爭力,加速產業轉型,再造台灣
經濟奇蹟。

因此,本文主要在探究內生化成長理論下,以Rebelo之Cobb-Douglas生產
函數為基本 模型,當國際間存在留學生交換、技術人員交流或是國際貿
易之貨物流通時,透過國際間 的相互往來,外國的人力資本除了會影響
自身國家的經濟成長外,是否也會影響到其他國 家,在此我們將其稱為
國際學習之外溢效果。

實證上採用Johansen(1991)所發展出的最大概似法,進行模型的時間序
列共整合分 析,以了解模型內經濟變數間的長期均衡關係;至於國外人
力資本部份所選定的國家,為 與我國貿易、留學生往來密切國家,如加
拿大、法國、德國、日本、南韓、英國及美國等 七個國家,依貿易額比
率大小作為權數,而得到變數之時間序列,結果顯示經濟成長不但 受到
國內人力資本投入的影響,亦受國外人力資本投入多寡的影響。
In the past few years, the Economic Growth Rate in Taiwan
was decreasing gradually, and the increase of unemployment
rate has become the major factor that most high education
worry about. In order to solve this problems, it is necessary
for our government to adjust its educational policy. Some
profes- sionals Lucas, Stokey, and others strongly emphasized
that education plays an important role in the economic growth.
By means, in every country the govern- ment has to dedicate
themselves for their people to achieve the highest
education possible, in order to become skillful, qualify,
productivity, profitable and effective.

Therefore, this research is based on Rebelo''s Cobb-Douglas Model
to discuss the "Endogenous Growth Theory". By exchanging
international students, high technology exerts, and
international trading business, the human capital not only
influences our economy growth, but also influences other
countries''. Therefore, it is what we call "International
Learning Spillover".

Practically, Johansen''s "Maximum Likelihood Method" is adapted
by using the time series cointegration analysis. The long
term relationship between different varieties in the models
are discussed. There are seven countries are going to be
analyzed in this research, such as Canada, French, Germany,
Japan, South Korea, United Kingdom, and United States. One of
the reason why they are chosen is because they have good
relationships with our international trading business and
international foreign student exchange. The time series model
is given by weighing from trading volume between those seven
countries, the time series model is created. As the result of
this research shows that the economic growth is not only
influenced by human capital from home country, nor from foreign
countries.
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