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研究生:廖以民
研究生(外文):Liao, Yi-min
論文名稱:農業科學教師資訊搜尋行為之研究:以國立嘉義農業專科學校為例
論文名稱(外文):Information Seeking Behavior of Agricultural Researchers in National Chiayi Institute of Agriculture
指導教授:賴鼎銘賴鼎銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lai,Ting-ming
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:教育資料科學學系
學門:教育學門
學類:教育科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:111
中文關鍵詞:資訊搜尋資訊搜尋行為
外文關鍵詞:Information seekingInformation seeking behavior
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本研究之目的乃在企圖了解農業科學教師因研究與教學之資訊需求而產生
之資訊搜尋行為;並藉著對其資訊搜尋行為現象及其背後因素之探討,回
饋給現有的農業資訊服務單位及圖書館,作為資訊服務的參考,以期提供
更適切的服務。  本研究以國立嘉義農業專科學校教師為研究對象,並
提出下列五項研究問題,藉著對這些問題的探討以達成研究目的:一.農
業科學教師目前研究與教學之現況如何?  二.農業科學教師因何種教
學研究之情境因素而產生資訊需求?  三.農業科學教師取得原始文獻
之方式為何?  四.農業科學教師如何使用正式資訊管道?  五.農
業科學教師如何使用非正式資訊管道?本研究利用深入訪談及問卷調查收
集研究所需之資料。研究發現,在教學上產生資訊需求的最主要情境因素
為編寫教科書及講義;研究上則為國科會、農委會、農林廳等單位所補助
之研究計劃。最常使用的資訊來源為參加研討會,對於本校圖書館所找不
到的資料,以請國內友人幫忙為最常使用的管道。  不論是在研究或教
學上,對於期刊的依賴程度都是最高的。而對於檢索工具的使用,文後引
用文獻則最受到依賴。最常使用的學術網路功能為WWW,而光碟資料庫則
為AGRICOLA。最常委託農業科學資料服務中心代找資料,而台灣大學圖書
館則最能滿足其資訊需求。  本研究利用深入訪談的方式,以了解無形
學院及其資訊守門人的分佈狀況,並針對所發現之無形學院整理分析,發
現農業科學教師相當依賴非正式資訊管道的使用。本研究歸納出幾個當正
式資訊管道不能滿足資訊需求時,農業科學教師經常利用的非正式資訊管
道。本研究並將受訪教師對該校圖書館的建議加以歸納,提供作為改進之
參考;並且提出後續研究之建議。
The purpuse of this research was trying to understand the
information seeking behavior derived from the studying and
teaching information needs of those agricultural researchers.
Concluded from the phenomena of their informationseeking
behavior and the factors behind, it might offer the libraries
and other agricultural information service center as a reference
to improve their service.The subjects involved in this research
were the agricultural teachers at National Chiayi Institute of
Agriculture. In this research, there were five questions raised.
By way of clarify these five questions as followed, it is
possible to research the purpose of this research. 1. What
is the current studying and teaching conditions of the teachers?
2. What kind of studying and teaching situations will make the
teachers have information needs? 3. What are the critical
ways for the teachers to get needed literature? 4.How do the
teachers use formal information channels? 5. How do the
teachers use informal information channels? The data
supporting this research were gathered through the methods of
interview and questionnaire survey. The findings were: on
teaching, the major situation having information needs for the
teachers occurred when they were compiling textbook or
handouts; on studying, it also happened when they wanted to
complete the studies subsidized by the National Science Council,
Council of Agriculture or Department of Agriculture: Taiwan
Provincial Government, The commonest way for the teachers to
obtain information resources was by way of taking part in
seminars. To the information that could not get in the local
library, the teachers always asked for the help from their
friends living in Taiwan. The teachers, either on studying or
teaching, relied mostly on periodicals. To the use of retrieval
tools, the references of literature were depended a lot. To the
use of network, the WWW was ranked on the top. To the use of CD-
ROM databases, the AGRICOLA was mostly welcomed, The
Agricultural Science Information Center was mostly asked to
locate needed information. The library of National Taiwan
University was the place where could satisfy the information
needs most. By interviewing, the distribution of invisible
colleges and the information gatekeepers was shown. After
analyzing the invisible colleges, it found that the teachers
majoring in agricultural science depended a lot on informal
information channels to get information. It happened especially
when the formal information channels were not sufficient to
satisfy them. This research also proposed a few suggestions when
the author composed the reactions of teachers to the local
library. Continuous studies on the relevant issue are proposed.
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