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研究生:楊美德
研究生(外文):Yang, Mei-te
論文名稱:英國國會電視轉播制度之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Televising British House of Commons
指導教授:許仟許仟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Klaus C. HSU Dr. phil.
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:歐洲研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:180
中文關鍵詞:國會電視轉播英國
外文關鍵詞:ParliamenttelevisionBritish
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就電視媒體對民主政治的影響來說,透過電視轉播國會議事不僅可促進社
會政治共識的形成,同時也是民眾監督國會效能的重要資訊來源。然而向
為代議政治典範的英國國會卻對電視轉播國會議事持保留態度,經過多年
的國會討論與轉播試驗後,終於在1989年開放電視轉播國會議事,並在維
護國會傳統與改革的平衡基礎上設計出一套嚴謹的電視轉播制度。本論文
以英國國會電視轉播制度的發展背景、制度設計與影響為探究重點,內容
包括以下三部份:一、英國國會資訊公開的傳統和演進,其中包括國會內
相關法案的討論、轉播試驗以及支持與反對電視轉播的理由與態度。二、
以結構面探討轉播制度的設計、規範;諸如各種法規、節目製作準則、播
出系統與制度設計修正。三、歸納英國電視轉播制度的功能和影響。最後
提出本論文在分析過程中發現的問題與建議。我國立法院電視轉播受到輿
論的重視始於開放有線電視後,立法院曾為此研擬成立「視訊中心」,此
作法與英國統一由國會提供議事畫面資料雷同,然而卻引起媒體及社會大
眾的批評,我國是否也適合採取同樣模式尚待商確,然而英國國會電視轉
播制度設計的部份理念仍有其可取之處,本論文將針英國國會電視轉播經
驗符合我國應用之之處提出討論,作為我國未來制度設計之參考。
The developments of the relations between television and
democracy has become iincreasingly important in the twenty
century. The function of Televising Parliament would lead to a
better understanding of issues and the political process of
Parliament andto promote more conscious of the society to
governments policy, even more this system is an important way to
rule the majority party''s policy, and it is the most important
way to monitor the parliament''s efficiency. As we know the
Westminster is the Mother of Parliament, but the House of
Commons took many years to agree to the idea that its
proceedings should be televised until the House of Commons had
found out a balance between Parliament''s tradition and reforms,
then the House agreed in principle to the holding of an
experiment in the public broadcasting of its proceedings by
television, but at the same time, the House made some rule of
coverage(guidelines as to the types of shot which might or might
not to be used), pointing out the directors of programmers
should have rgard to dignity of the House and its function as a
working body rather than a plaf entertainment to keep the
Parliament''s good image in people''s mind. This thesis presented
in three part: First, the evolution and background of
deregulation of televising British House of Commons, including
theory of the paliamentary proceeding open to public and the
debates over Televising House of Commons. Second, the
organization and operations of Commons Television. Such as the
structure, rules of coverage and deregulation to the designs of
televising the proceedings of the Commons. Third, the function
and impact of Televising Commons on British Parliamentary
Politics. This part will discuse the impacts on parliamentary
actors and the reinforcements of parliamentary function and the
influences on British Parliamentary traditions. Finally the
author will conclud the assessments and perspectives, the
necessity and judgments of Televising Commons, the alteration of
interaction between parliament and public, the reflections of
Television Broadcasting to Parliamentary Politics. The
Legislative Yuan in Taiwan did not open its message to public
until the cable television become more popular, two years ago
the Legislative Yuan plan to set a ''vedio information center'' to
provide the cable television and the satellites in Taiwan just
as the British''s Televising Proceeding system, but this idea did
not get the public support. But this model runs well in the
Commobs, maybe the experience of Televising British House of
Commobs can provide another thinking to our media, public and
politicians.
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