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研究生:葉劭德
研究生(外文):Yeh, Shauh-Der
論文名稱:膠原蛋白酵素於正常人類角質細胞之免疫電顯研究
論文名稱(外文):Ultrastructural Localization of Procollagenase/Collagenase in Normal Human Keratinocytes by Immunoelectron Microscopy
指導教授:林宏雅
指導教授(外文):Lin Hong-Yea
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:台北醫學院
系所名稱:醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1997
畢業學年度:85
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:膠原蛋白酵素角質細胞免疫電顯
外文關鍵詞:CollagenaseKeratinocyteImmunoelectron Microscopy
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本實驗室過去的研究結果發現:(一)體外培養中的正常人類角質細胞(
normal human keratinocyte, NHK)可藉12-O-tetra-decanoyl
phorbol-13-acetate (TPA)誘導其合成與分泌纖維母細胞型膠原蛋白酵
素(fibroblast-collagenase, matrix metallo-proteinase-1, MMP-1)。
(二)NHK細胞種植於重建的第一型膠原蛋白膜片上,經TPA誘導且具有胰
蛋白酵素的存在下,會經由分泌膠原蛋白酵?&溙悜垂堛熔臚@型膠原蛋白
膜片;此細胞為媒介的膠原蛋白分解活性(cell-mediated collagen
breakdown)會被抗纖維母細胞型膠原蛋白酵素之抗血清抗體或單株抗體所
抑制。(三)在細胞為媒介的膠原蛋白分解活性實驗中,位於細胞下及細
胞周圍的膠原蛋白膜片很快被分解,但是膠原蛋白膜片的其餘部分則仍然
完好,此一現象無法以單純的膠原蛋白酵素之擴散現象加以解釋。NHK細
胞經TPA誘導後,以抗纖維母細胞型膠原蛋白酵素之抗血清抗體或單株抗
體為一級抗體,進行間接免疫螢光染色時,其陽性螢光反應主要分佈在細
胞核周圍,但此免疫反應究竟確切位於細胞內之何種超微結構,至今仍未
有報告。本研究將NHK細胞以免疫組織化學反應法處理後,再以穿透式電
子顯微鏡觀察,以了解此酵素於合成及分泌過程中,在NHK細胞內所位居
之超微結構。本研究首先根據標本大小建立二種不同的NHK細胞初代培養
方法。在先驅實驗中以穿透式電子顯微鏡觀察NHK細胞之超微結構。發現
NHK細胞具有型態上不同之次族群(subpopulation),其共通之特徵是細胞
內具有成束的張絲(tonofilament)。小型NHK細胞的胞內膜性結構及張絲
較不發達,表面有細長之微突起。大型NHK細胞之內質網較發達,張絲更
為明顯,細胞核周圍有大量之次級溶小體(secondary lysosome)及多泡
體(multivesicular body),細胞表面則呈不規則之皺摺,偶有細胞間接
合(intercellular junction) 。另有些細胞之型態界於大小兩型細胞之
間,稱之為中間型細胞。再以免疫細胞化學染色法作NHK細胞內膠原蛋白
酵素之定位,其膠原蛋白酵素之免疫反應標示主要分布在細胞核周圍之粗
糙內質網及高基氏體中,細胞膜外表面亦可見散在性之免疫反應標示,且
較常分布於細胞互相粘接之交界處。以TPA處理之角質細胞有更發達之粗
糙內質網及高基氏體,且免疫反應較強,而細胞膜外表面上之免疫反應的
密度也比未以TPA處理者為高。此研究結果顯示,在培養的正常人類角質
細胞內,膠原蛋白酵素合成及分泌的途徑,可能與一般的分泌性蛋白質之
合成及分泌的途徑相似。而細胞膜外表面上之膠原蛋白酵素標示,暗示角
質細胞細胞膜之外表面可能有膠原蛋白酵素之接受體,可藉以進一步提高
膠原蛋白酵素在近細胞空間(pericellular space)的濃度,提高此酵素被
活化之效率,並且在細胞周圍形成局部的蛋白質酵素瀑布。此膠原蛋白酵
素之接受體具有重要的生理及病理意義,且將來可以做為發展治療藥物的
目標。

Fibroblast-collagenase (collagenase-1, matrix
metalloproteinase-1, MMP-1) is an unique enzyme for the initial
cleavage of interstitial collagen types I and III. It is thought
to play a major role in the degradation of extracellular matrix
during the pathogenesis of many important human diseases such as
cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and periodontitis. Our previous
studies applied with enzymatic hydrolysis of rat tail tendon
collagen, Western blotting and others have proved that TPA-
treated normal human keratinocytes (NHKs) de novo synthesis and
secret procollagenase/collagenase-1 in culture. Studies with
indirect immunofluorescent technique have also demonstrated that
the cultured NHKs with TPA treatment produce procollagenase/
collagenase-1 mainly distributing in cytoplasm especially around
perinuclear region, but definite localization could not be
determined by this immunofluorescent technique. The purpose of
the present research is to find the intracellular localization
of synthesized procollagenase and its possible secretory
pathway. For this, immunoelectron microscopic studies in the
ultrastreptoavidin-biotin method to localize procollagenase/
collagenase intracellularly were performed in cultured NHKs with
or without TPA treatment. In the preliminary research, the
cultured NHKs without immunolabeling were studied in the
transmission electron microscopy. The cultured NHKs consisted of
heterogeneous subpopulations morphologically. The smaller and
less differentiated cells contain small villous projections on
the surfaces, while the larger ones contain broad and irregular
processes. The Golgi apparatus, rough endoplasmic reticulum and
multivescular bodies of the smaller cells are less prominent
than those of the larger ones. The tonofilaments of cytokeratins
are more abundant in the larger ones. Then immunoelectron
microscopic study was performed and showed that procollagenase/
collagenase were located in rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi
apparatus and outer surface of cell membrane. The pattern of
subcellular localization in cultured NHKs was the same as that
in the synovial fibroblasts. The immunolocalization of
procollagenase /collagenase in the outer surface of cell
membrane suggested that procollagenase/collagenase may be
involved in the proteinases cascade around the pericellular
space of NHKs.

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