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研究生:潘靜漪
研究生(外文):Emmy Pan
論文名稱:脫軌的孩子:最藍的眼睛與秀拉中托妮‧莫里森之黑暗觀
論文名稱(外文):Derailing the Child: Toni Morrison's Dark Vision in The Bluest Eye and Sula
指導教授:薄理察
指導教授(外文):Richard C. Poulsen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:英文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:托妮‧莫理森孩童暴力知識
外文關鍵詞:Toni Morrisonchildrenviolenceknowledge
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  文學作品以“孩童”為軸心之問題探討不但重要,且非常有趣。因之,延伸出許許多多“何謂孩童”之理念與理論。
  在最藍的眼睛與秀拉兩本小說中,非裔美籍作家拖妮.莫理森對於“孩童”意象之描述和詮釋與讀者對“孩童”之一般認知概念截然不同。為了說明“孩童”與“孩童世界”是一個複雜的認知概念,為了不讓此認知概念被視為理所當然,導論選擇性的檢視一些有關於孩童之論述:社會建構真實之一般概念,威廉.華渥滋的孩童,洛克的孩童,佛洛伊德的孩童,中國社會的孩童以及威廉.高定的孩童。其目的乃是希望幫助讀者瞭解莫氏的孩童。暴力與知識是幫助瞭解與創造莫氏孩之關鍵理念。第一章與第二章旨在承現並探討莫氏扭曲且古怪的小說世界。因此,其孩童分別被定義為“暴力的蝴蝶”與“萬能通蝴蝶。”莫氏之黑暗觀(亦即其孩童)替文學開展出一個新視野。由於莫氏“獨特”且“反常理”之文學想像力,其孩童衍然成了脫軌的孩子。


  over time there have been many ideas of what a child is because the problems of children in literature are interesting and important; Toni Morrison is one American writer whose depiction of children is "unthinkable," but important, because she presents in The Bluest Eye and Sula an image of children "different" from our normal perceptions In the Introduction, I examine several theories of children: in the general terms of the social constrution of reality, wordsworth' s child, Locke's child, Freud's child, children in hinese society and william Golding's child, to illustrate that the child is a very complex peraception, as is the child' world. The child is not "one" thing; a child has multiple realties. Thus, "the child" and "the child's world" should not be taken for granted. The purpose for presenting the richness of possibilities for "child" is to help the reader understand Toni Morrison's children in these two novels. In order to deal with the problems of children, and with children in Toni Morrison, I define Morrison's children in chapter Two and Three as "Violent" and "knowing" butterflies (imagos) to show the skewed and bizarre world Morrison has created in The Bluest Eye and Sula. Violence and knowledge help create Morrison's child imagos in these two novels. In the Conclusion, I claim that these children are derailed by Morrison's "unusual" and "abnormal" forms of imagination. This "dark vision" presents a new view of the child in literature.

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