(18.206.177.17) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/16 23:58
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:葉靜輝
研究生(外文):Yeh, Ching-Hui
論文名稱:勞基法對觀光旅館業影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Labor Standards Law on Tourist Hotels in Taiwan
指導教授:藍科正藍科正引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:勞工研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:120
中文關鍵詞:勞基法觀光旅館業勞動成本管理彈性因應策略
外文關鍵詞:Labor Standards LawTourist HotelsLabor CostManagement FlexibilityAdjustment Strategies
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:11
  • 點閱點閱:255
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
  自勞基法於1996年12月6日通過「一體適用」原則以來,已經引起各界的熱烈的討論。不過多數都集中於修改後的法律內容或是勞資關係的探討。本研究選擇即將適用的觀光旅館業為對象,探究其受勞基法影響研究。
  本研究採問卷調查法,以郵寄的方式,調查了全台灣45家觀光旅館。此外,以勞動成本與管理彈性為影響的重點,並分析其因應策略。以下為本研究透過問卷調查,採用卡方分配、T 檢定與單因子變異數分析(ANOVA)與普通最小平方法(OLS)分析後所得的結論。
  就勞基法的影響情況言,退休相關費用和加班費增加對勞動成本的影響最大。其中,資本額較小的廠商較諸資本額較大的廠商更認為退休費用會因勞基法而提高。經由OLS的分析,得知員工人數越多的觀光旅館成本會增加的比例越低。
  管理彈性方面,,認為加班需經員工或工會同意的限制影響較大,國定假日休假規定的影響較小。設立年限越短的廠商認為勞基法規定國定假日應休假的影響越大。值的注意的是,工會的有無影響到了廠商對於每週工時及每月加班時數的看法,有工會的廠商較無工會的廠商更認為上兩者的影響較低。
  廠商因應策略方面,除了減少女性員工的雇用、雇用外勞與海外投資等三項無廠商採取外,其餘多數與降低成本有關。這正說明了成本增加是業者適應勞基法最大的挑戰。而該類措施主要可分成管理制度的調整及精簡人事兩項。就制度管理言,包括加強監督管理、強化勞雇溝通及變形工時的適用等;就精簡人事言,包括增加臨時工的雇用、解雇部分員工、減少中高齡的雇用等。
  Since the Labor Standards Law (LSL) extended its coverage on December 6th, 1996, it has evoked enthusiastic discussion on many aspects; but most of them concentrated on the contents of the revised regulations or review of industrial relations. This study discusses the impact of LSL on the Will-be-covered tourist hotels.
  The impact is analyzed by investigating 45 tourist hotels in Taiwan through questionnaire.We emphasize on the effects of labor cost and management flexibiliy caused by the extension of the LSL, and evaluate managers'' adjustment strategies. The statistical tools of chi-square, T-test, One-way ANOVA and OLS are adopted.
  Important findings are the following:the regulations of retirement pension and over-time wage affect the hotels'' labor cost the most. The hotels with small capital, relative to those with large capital, think that retirement pension will increase because of the LSL. The results of OLS show that the tourist hotels with more workers will have a lower proportion of the cost increase.
  Cocerning the management flexibility, the constraint that over-time working must be approved by workers or labor union is significant, while the constraint of national holidays is insignificant. However, the hotels with fewer years of eatablishment think that national holidays should be vacation has a bigger influence. The existence of labor union influences some viewpoints, specifically, the hotels with labor union think that the constraints of weekly work haurs and overtime hours have relatively smaller influence.
As for the adjustment strategies, no hotels consider to reduce hiring female workers, employ foreign labors, or invest overseas. But most hotels adopt strategies that can decrease labor cost. It illustrates that increasing cost is the toughest challenge for those hotels surveyed. These measures can be divided into the adjustment of management system intensifying communication between employer and employee, and the application of flexible working time. The latter includes hiring more temporay workers, dismissing some workers, and hiring fewer middle-aged workers.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔