(3.238.7.202) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/25 10:17
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:莊鴻源
研究生(外文):Chuang, Hung-Yuan
論文名稱:高雄地區餐盒食品衛生及其相關因素之研究
論文名稱(外文):The study on the food sanitation of the lunch-box foods and its affected factors in Kaohsiung area.
指導教授:白秀華白秀華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiu-Hua Pai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:高雄醫學院
系所名稱:公共衛生學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:食品衛生認知態度行為自主衛生管理
外文關鍵詞:food sanitationknowedgeattitudepracticeself-management sanitation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:12
  • 點閱點閱:226
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
摘 要

本研究係探討目前餐盒食品衛生與員工食品衛生認知、態度、行為、個人
資料自主衛生管理等影響因素之相關性。以高雄地區60家餐盒廠商為樣本
,每家抽驗2 個便當,合計120個,並針對從業人員及其業主進行個人
資料、食品衛生認知、態度、行為之問卷調查,由每家廠商自填五份問卷
,共得有效問卷297份,其中業主58份, 從業員239份,回收率99%。分
析問卷結果發現員工對食品衛生認知、態度、行為平 均得分各為47.7
分、158.6分、50.0分,得分率各為82.2%、82.6%、78.1%;並依 據
「餐盒業衛生管理自行檢查表」,調查廠商自主衛生管理,現場採檢員工
手部、口 部外圍、生熟食用刀、砧板、餐盤等環境檢體540件,本研究以
SAS套裝軟體統計 分析,結果有下列七點:

1.餐盒食品生菌數檢驗結果(以<105生菌數/克為檢驗參考標準),以t-
test及邏輯 斯諦迴歸分析,與員工食品衛生認知、態度、行為及廠
商自主衛生管理,皆有 相關性存在(p<0.05) 。

2.餐盒食品大腸桿菌群最確數檢驗結果(以<10 MPN/g為檢驗標準),以t-
test分析 ,與員工之食品衛生態度及廠商自主衛生管理,皆有相關
性存在,統計上有 顯著性意義(p<0.05)。

3.員工的學歷、年齡、是否為食品相關科系畢業、是否接受定期的健康檢
查等個 人基本資料,以Anova test、Scheff ''s test及t-test分
析,與員工食品衛生認知、 態度、行為之間,皆有相關性存在,統計上
有顯著性意義(p<0.05)。 4.員工有無抽煙的習慣與其食品
衛生行為之間,以Anova test分析,有相關性存 在,統計上有顯
著性意義(p<0.05)。 5.員
工是否滿意目前職業、選擇本職業的理由與食品衛生態度之間,以Anova
test 分析,皆有相關性存在(p<0.05)。

6.員工食品衛生認知、態度、行為、廠商自主衛生管理四者間之皮爾森相
關及複 迴歸檢定,統計上有顯著意義(p<0.05)。

7.廠商自主衛生與員工個人衛生、調理器具之生菌數及大腸桿菌群最確數
數檢驗 成績之迴歸分析,皆有相關性存在(p<0.05)。

由以上研究,竭誠建議衛生單位加強年齡較大者、學歷較低者之食品衛教
,廠商 應做好自主衛生管理,生產線應明顯分隔生、熟食調理區以避免
交叉污染,並加強員 個人調理衛生,避免混用生、熟食用刀及砧板,如
此才能維護餐盒食品衛生,確保 國民健康。

關鍵字: 食品衛生、認知、態度、行為、自主衛生管理
This study was to investigate the correlations among the
food sanitation of the lunch-box and the workers'' food
sanitation knowledge, attitude & practice, demographic data and
self-management sanitation. This study chose sixty larger lunch-
box plants in Kaohsiung area as the samples, each plants was
sampled 2lunch-boxes, and gave a questionnaire about demographic
data, food sanitationknowledge, attitude & practice to the
workers and their manaagers. Each lunch-box plant filled in 5
questionnaires. We got 297 complete effective questionn-aires,
including 58 from managers and 239 from workers. Thr rate of
response was 99%. According to the SAS analyses, the average
score for both the bossesand the employees of the food
sanitation knowledge section was 82.2%. Secondlyon the attitude
about food sanitation section the workers average score was
82.6%. Thirdl, the average score for the food sanitation
practice section of the workers was 78.1%. According to the
self-management sanitation inspectivesheet of the lunch-box
plants we investigated the self-management sanitation and
sampled 540 environmental samples including the workers'' hands
and the outside parts of the mouth, the plates, the knives and
cutting boards for theraw and ripe foods for the microbiological
tests. We obtained the following seven analytical outcomes using
SAS softwares.1.The total bacterium counts of the lunch-box
products passed the reference standard (<10^5 c.f.u./g), using
the t-test and logistic regression, and it''s correlated with
workers'' food sanitation knowledge, attitude, practice and the
self-management sanitation of the lunch-box plants(p<0.05).2.The
total coliform bacterium of the lunch-box products passed the
standard (<10 MPN/g), using the t-test, and it''s correlated
woth workers'' food sanitation attitude and the self-management
sanitation of the lunch-box plants(p<0.05).3.The workers''
demographic profile, including education level, age, whether
they graduated from food related departments and whether they
recevied regular health checks, has a correlation with the
workers'' food sanitation knowledge, attitude, and practice
using the Anova test, Scheffe''s test and t-test(p<0.05).4.The
workers smoking habits are correlated with their food sanitation
practice using the Anova test(p<0.05).5.The workers'' level of
satisfaction with their current occupations and the reasons
for their enagement in the jobs has a correlation with the
workers'' food sanitation attitude by the Anova test(p<0.05).6.
The workers'' food sanitation knowledge, attitude, practice and
the self management sanitation of the lunch-box plants are
correlated woth one another using the Pearson-correlation test
and mutiple logistic regression(p<0.05).7.The self-management
sanitation of the lunch-box plants, has correlation with both
the total bacterium counts and the total coliform counts of the
workers'' sanitation, kitchen utensils and dinner sets using
regression analysis(p<0.05). From the above research, I''d
like to suggest that the health units strengthen the health
education for those who are older and have a lower education
level. The lunch-box plants should take steps to improve the
production lines such asseparting the raw from the ripe cooking
areas to avoid cross contamination; Moreover, to enhance the
workers'' cooking sanitation, they should avoid mixeduse of the
raw and ripe knives and cutting boards. This will help maintain
the foodsanitation of the lunch-box foods and ensure the health
of our citizens.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔