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研究生:蔡佳穎
研究生(外文):Tsia, Chia-Ying
論文名稱:高雄地區石化業人士工業安全衛生認知,態度,行為之探討研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Petrochemical Workers in Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of industrial safety and health in Kaohsiung Area
指導教授:洪玉珠洪玉珠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hong Yu-Jue
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:高雄醫學院
系所名稱:職業安全衛生研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:石化業認知態度行為
外文關鍵詞:PetrochemicalKnowledgeAttitudePractice
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摘 要 石化工業在我國整體經濟發展上,佔有極重要的地位,
而且石化製程複雜,使用、生產、製造、儲存所潛在的危險性很大,也是
不爭的事實。而能左右製程安全者,不外乎是機器因素與人為因素;由過
去職災統計調查發現,人為因素往往是災害發生的主因。因此,石化業人
士對工業安全衛生之認知、態度和行為的重要性,便可想而知。
本研究乃針對高雄地區環保單位列管的工廠為母群體,隨機抽樣29家石化
廠,共得有效問卷275份,其中員工有240份,管理者有35份。針對工廠員
工及其管理者,在作業環境的安全衛生之知識、態度、行為及現況進行調
查。結果發現,石化業人士於工安衛認知方面平均得分為工安衛管理
者18.03分±6.37(總分為32分)、員工13.06分±3.24(總分為22分),兩者
皆處於及格邊緣。至於在態度方面,兩者皆採取正向態度的得分,分別
為17.34±5.41(總分為32分),18.49±6.43(總分為32分)。相較於管理者
未具有證照者的廠家,有證照者的事業單位,不論管理者或員工其認知及
態度的得分皆較無證照者高;且經統計檢定分析後,在管理者認知上兩者
有統計上的顯著差異存在。而在配戴防護具情形上,我們發現認知態度較
好者,其配戴防護具情形確實較好。 再依工廠之大小分類,探討
知識與態度得分之差異。不論知識或態度,30人以下工廠的管理者及員工
之成績,皆低於其他30-99人、100-299人、300人以上類別之工廠;而經
統計檢定分析後,除了管理者認知以外,其餘皆有統計上的顯著差異。
30人以下的工廠,不管知識或態度得分都較其他組低很多;不過由於法規
規定30人以下,工廠不用設置專職安全衛生管理人員,這點需要政府相關
單位設法加以補救,來改善此一情形。
ABSTRACT The petrochemistry has been an important role at
economic development in Taiwan. The process in petrochemistry is
complicated and existed a very high potential risk in use
production, manufacturing and storage. In past registers of
occupational calamity, the accident happened mainly due to
peoples'' mistakes. Thus, the knowledge, attitude, and behavior
of workers are very important to petrochemistry. The
study is focus on the factories that are supervised by the
Kaohsiung Environment protection agency as the population. In 29
random sampling factories, we got 275 effective questionnaires ,
240 of them are workers and 35 are managers. We investigated
their knowledge, attitude, behavior and the condition of safety
and health in work environments. The results showed that the
mean of knowledge score is 18.03±6.37(total score is 32) in
managers and 13.06±3.24(total score is 22) in workers,are both
are just to pass. The mean of attitude score is 17.34±5.41(
total score is 32) in managers, 18.49±6.43 (total score is 32)
in workers, both of them are positive score. Contract to
the managers without license, the work unit that the managers
have license have showed better knowledge and attitude score.
But after Mann-Whitney U test, all the score have not
significant difference. To distinguish the differences about
knowledge and attitude scores, from four group factories , in
which their workers were below 30, 30-99, 100-299, over 300, the
factories that workers were below 30 had showed the lowest
knowledge. But according to Kruskal-Wallis H test, the menagers
did not have the significant difference in knowledge and
attitude on the other hand, after Scheffe''s test there were
significant differences between the factories below 30 workers
and the others . To compare with worker,s attitude , there were
significant difference between the factories below 30 workers
and above 300 workers. It may be associated with that the
professional mangers are existed or not.
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