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研究生:林文俊
研究生(外文):Lin, Wen-Chiun
論文名稱:獨立後印尼外交政策之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on Indonesia''s Foreign Policy Since Independence
指導教授:陳鴻瑜陳鴻瑜引用關係李登科李登科引用關係區鉅龍區鉅龍引用關係---
指導教授(外文):Chen Hurng-YuLee Deng-KerDavid Auw
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交學系研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:249
中文關鍵詞:印尼外交政策獨立與積極東協蘇哈托國際關係
外文關鍵詞:IndonesiaForeign PolicyIndependent and ActiveASEANSoehartoInternational Relations
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印尼位處於歐亞大陸東南側島鍊,其國土是由一連串的島嶼所構成,總面積達一百九十二萬
平方公里,人口約有一億九千六百六十多萬人o長久以來印尼在國際上的重要性與地位似乎
與其眾多人口不成比例,這是因印尼自從一九四五年從荷蘭殖民統治獨立以來,便是堅持第
三世界不結盟政策的態度有關o但是不可否認的是,印尼在東南亞地區的重要性是極為顯著
的,從政治面來看,印尼是東南亞最重要的區域性國際組織[東南亞國家協會]的一員,從東
協的成立與發展的進程,印尼都扮演了積極的角色o從經濟面來看,人口將近二億的印尼是
東南亞地區不可忽視的潛在重要市場,儘管印尼現階段的經濟發展水準仍遠落後新加坡,馬
來西亞和泰國等鄰近國家,但就其潛力而言,印尼顯然擁有更豐富的資源o近年來我國政府
推行[南向政策],積極加強與東南亞國家的聯繫,國人對於東南亞國家漸有所認知,然大部
分僅限於經濟層面的介紹,相關政治,外交的介紹則是缺少,這對於積極發展國際空間的我
國而言,更需要進一步地了解東南亞林鄰近國家o 一般而言,東南亞地區在國人的認知中除
了是熱帶國家,旅遊勝地之外,另一方面仍殘存過去的印象以為東南亞地區大多是戰亂頻仍
的國家,這實在是資訊欠缺所致o此外國內的國際關係研究大多偏向西歐,美國等已開發國
家,或者是彼岸的大陸研究,相對之下第三世界開發中國家的研究則略嫌單薄,而東南亞地
區多為開發中國家o今日在亞太世紀來臨之際,亞太地區的政治,經濟,社會都會成為研究焦
點,而我國倡導成立[亞太營運中心],更需要對週邊國家進行深入研究,印尼作為東南亞地
區大國,其重要性可見一斑o 本文嘗試對於印尼的外交政策做一番回顧,提供 進一步的認
識,而最重要的研究目的在試圖解釋印尼此一人口眾多,土地廣邈的國家為何在獨立後採行
獨立與積極的外交政策? 蘇卡諾時期與蘇哈托時期外交政策的轉折原因何在?印尼本身具
有許多優勢條件,可以成為東南亞大國,但又為何在蘇哈托執政初期不願介入區域事務,其
轉變因素為何?一九九零年代初期,印尼在外交政策上又做了一些修正,開始積極 參與國際
組織的活動,尤其是不結盟運組織與聯合國,促成的原因為何?這些都是筆者在本文中嘗試
解釋的重要議題o
Republic of Indonesia is situated to the south-east side of the Euro-Asia Cont
inent. The whole territory consists of a series of islands and small islets wh
ich is about 1,919,443 square kilometers. Its total population isabout 196,600
,000. For a long time, the international status of Indonesia isnot consistent
with its large population. This is because Indonesia has laidemphasis on Third
World Non-Aligement approach in its foreign policy since it declared independ
ence off Netherlands in 1945. However, there is no denying that the importanc
e of Indonesia in the South-East region is obvious. In the political arena, In
donesia has been the largest country in the Association of South-East Asian Na
tions(ASEAN) and played a constructive and active role since its inauguration
in 1967. In the economic arena, with it''s approximately 2 billion people, Indo
nesia is the potential market for international trade. Although the economic d
evelopment of Indonesia is still far behind Singapore, Malaysia and Thiland,
its neighboring countries, its abudant natural resources are of no rivalry. In
these years, our government has embarked on a "Southward Policy" and actively
enhanced the relations with southeast Asian nations. Therefore, we have furthe
rknowledge of these nations. However, these knowledge are limited to economica
ffairs without mentioning the political and diplomatic affairs. For our countr
y, who is striving for developing our international status, we need moreinfrom
ation about these countries. Besides, the international studies in Taiwanplace
more emphasis on West Europe, America ,the developed countries, and Chinses M
ainland. By contrary, studies on the Third World developing countriesare few a
nd lacking. Today, the Asia-Pacific century is coming and the political, econo
mic and social affairs in the region will be the focus ofresearching. Taiwan p
lans to lead the "Asian Pacific Operational Center", whichplan needs more stud
ies on our neighboring countries. Indonesia is the largestcountry in the south
east Asia, and its importance is clear. This thesis is trying retrospect the h
istory of Indonesia''s foreign policy and providing furthur knowledge. What is
most is to explain why indonesia, such a populousand large country, chose to a
ct independently and actively right after itsindependence off Netherlands? Wha
t is the reason that causes the change offoreing policy between Sukarno and So
eharto regime? Indonesia itself hasfull reason to be the leader in the southea
st Asia. why did it choose to lessinvolved in the regional affairs in the begi
nning of Soeharto regime? The Author is trying to explain these issues in this
thesis.
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