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研究生:林志儒
研究生(外文):Lin, Chih-ju
論文名稱:鎘污染地復育草種之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Conservation Grass on the Restoration of Cd- contaminated Soils
指導教授:顏正平顏正平引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng-ping Yen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:水土保持學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:水土保持學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:鎘污染土壤保育草類水土保持
外文關鍵詞:Cd-contaminated soilsConservation grassSoil and water conservation
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台灣地區農田受鎘污染漸趨嚴重,造成稻米中鎘含量過高,而危害人體健
康。政府目前對於鎘污染地之處理,大多採用廢耕方式,或輔導種植非食
用作物,台灣地小人稠、資源寶貴,污染地之復育工作刻不容緩。本研究
選取常用之復育草種,包括百慕達草、地毯草、類地毯草、假儉草、百喜
草及五節芒等草種,分別施以不同鎘濃度處理,調查其生長情形,藉以篩
選各草種在鎘污染地中生長較好者,以及對鎘吸收度較佳者,期對鎘污染
地做復育之工作,並供環境復育之參考。試驗結果摘述如下:供試草種發
芽率受鎘處理並無顯著影響。草種受鎘毒害之臨界濃度皆在50ppm以下,
草種受鎘污染之性狀大致相同,植株具矮小、新葉黃化、根細少等癥狀,
鎘濃度愈高癥狀愈明顯。植體之株高、根長、乾重等與鎘處理呈顯著負相
關。鎘處理會抑制植體養分之吸收量,使植株生長因缺乏養分而致生長不
良。惟百慕達草對N、P、K、Na、Ca、Mg、Fe、Cu等元素之吸收,各處理
間未達顯著水準,差異不大,百慕達草對Mn之吸收量與鎘處理濃度呈顯著
負相關,而對Zn之吸收量呈顯著正相關。供試草種中,地毯草、類地毯草
、百喜草與五節芒等對鎘之耐受度較差,百慕達草及假儉草,植株受鎘處
理的影響不大,能吸收土壤中之鎘,對鎘污染土壤有顯著的復育效果,其
中以百慕達草對鎘之耐受度及吸收度最佳,為鎘污染地適當之復育草種。
Paddy fields contaminated by Cd in Taiwan need to be more
concerned. High concentration of Cd in rice grains is harmful to
human health. Cd-contaminated fields are often abandoned or
being changed to plant non-edible crops. It is urgent to restore
the contaminated environment due to limited nature resources.
This research selects conservation grasses including Bermuda
grass, Carpet grass, Carpet grass(Axonopus affinis Chase),
Centipede grass, Bahia grass, Japanese silver grass etc. Every
grass treated with different concentrations of Cd and then
survey growth of grasses. The purpose of this paper is to find
the suitable conservation grass for the reclamation of Cd-
contaminated soils and establish the data base of conservation
grass for the use of Cd-contaminated soils. The results are
summarized as follows:Germination percentage for tested grasses
are not affected by the concentration of Cd. Tested grasses are
all showing the same symptoms of toxicity at the 50ppm treatment
of Cd concentration. Stunted growth, chlorosis and undeveloped
root systems are the major symptoms and can be identified
obviously at high concentration of Cd added. Plant height, root
length, and dry weight of grasses are decreased significantly by
increasing Cd concentration. High Cd concentration results in
poor nutrients uptake and stunted growth for tested grasses
except Bermuda grass. Bermuda grass shows no significant
difference on nutrients uptake but Mn and Zn under Cd treatment.
Increasing Cd concentration inhibits Mn-uptake, while enhances
Zn-uptake for Bermuda grass tissue. Comparing to Bermuda grass
and Centipede grass, Carpet grass, Carpet grass(Axonopus affinis
Chase), Bahia grass, and Japanese silver grass showed worse
tolerance to Cd-contamiinated soils. Bermuda grass and Centipede
grass show no significant difference in growth among the Cd-
contaminated levels and both have good ability to absorb Cd
element from the soils. Both of them can be as the suitable
grasses (especially Bermuda grass) for the use of restoration of
Cd-contaminated soils.
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