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研究生:邱建宏
研究生(外文):Chu Cheng-Hou
論文名稱:利益團體運作下的政治均衡之理論探討
論文名稱(外文):Political Equilibrium, Interest Groups Influence, amd Electoral Competition
指導教授:周德宇周德宇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chou Der-Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:財政學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:利益團體競租選民選舉控制政治均衡施政表現選舉競爭
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
在政治體系下,選民和執政者的關係是一種「Principal-agent」的關係;由於選舉競爭的存在,使得選民對於執政者有著相當程度的控制力量,亦即在執政者為了在下一次的選舉中能夠勝選並且能繼續掌握政權;其施政的取向必須合乎選民的偏好,以求選民能夠獲得選民的支持。然而,在現實的政治體制下,由於利益團體的介入使得執政者的施政行為並不全然只考量到全體選民的偏好及其福利水準,而是受到利益團體的影響反而使得整體的施政水準因此降低並且將整體的政策取向導向利益團體,使得一般未能組織起來的廣大選民負擔政策變動的成本而遭受到損失。因此,本文乃是由選舉競爭的存在而導入利益團體的運作和進而探討選民控制力量的不足並且引導出政治體系的最終均衡,藉由此種分析方式來解釋現實政治體系中執政者給予某些團體優惠措施的原因。
In the electoral competition, if the incumbent officeholder desire to retain office, he has to act in the interest of the voters. In other words, the relationship between the politicians and the voters is a variant "Principal-agent" problem in which the officeholder is an agent of the electors, and the voters have the opportunity to structure the incentives facing the officeholder agent to induce him to act to enhance their well-being. On the other hand, in the electoral competition, the officeholder can gain the campaign contribution by choosing policies that benefit interest groups and then expend those contributions to influence voters who are uninformed about the policies. Informed voters who votes based on the incumbent performance, so the incumbent face the trade-off between choosing a policy that induces a lower performance and reduce the voters'' the welfare to generate funds to attract the uninformed vote and acts a higher performance to attract the informed voters. Therefore, I present a model of electoral competition to discuss the equilibrium in the political system in which the rent-seeking of interest groups induce the incumbent officeholder to change the performance, and the voters will afford the cost of the particularistic policy which is benefit to the interest groups in the equilibrium of the political system.
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