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研究生:范乾峰
研究生(外文):FAN CHIEN-FENG
論文名稱:經濟全球化發展下台灣跨國性經濟空間網絡之研究--貿易流與商品鏈的網絡分析
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Taiwan''s Spatial Network of Transnational Economy in the Development of Economic Globalisation--The Network Analysis of Trade Flow and Commodity Chain
指導教授:周志龍周志龍引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHOU TSU-LUNG
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:都市計劃研究所
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:都市規劃學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:經濟全球化發展彈性發展模式經濟空間網絡EOI發展模式貿易流與商品鏈科技產業發展政策與空間規劃
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近年來隨著經濟的全球化發展,在彈性資本積累的發展模式之下,新的國際勞力分工關係組構了複雜的經濟空間網絡組織。是以,有關經濟結構變遷對於經濟空間發展影響之探討,亦逐漸地轉移至經濟空間網絡的分析與研究上。本研究係從制度與空間的角度,檢視在經濟全球化發展之過程中,台灣在 EOI發展模式下,於跨國性經濟空間網絡中經濟空間功能定位的轉變,以及與各國間的彈性生產分工關係;並進而回應至有關台灣整體產業空間發展的結構性變遷上。最後,則爰引分析成果,提出台灣在全球經濟競爭惡化的環境下,如何藉由科技產業政策與空間規劃,有效地提昇台灣結構性競爭力,以及在全球經濟空間網絡中的位階。在 EOI發展模式下,外向發展的經濟體制深化了全球經濟結構變遷對於台灣經濟發展之影響;使得台灣金字塔型工業生產鏈與全球經濟生產網絡組織發生連結,台灣因而被鑲嵌於全球經濟空間網絡之中,而扮演著某種經濟空間功能角色。本研究透過台灣跨國性經濟空間網絡的貿易流與半導體商品鏈分析,發現當前台灣在全球化發展的結構性制約下,在全球生產製造的國際空間佈局與階層網絡中,主要扮演著一個半邊陲的出口量產導向之代工經濟體。而台灣由邊陲至半邊陲之網絡地位的改變,亦反映在台灣加工出口區的設置與轉型,以及科學園區的發展等國家整體經濟空間的結構性變遷上。1970年代末期,台灣科技政策與產業政策的結合,使得科技發展政策成為台灣經濟生產再結構過程中,提昇國家競爭力的重要政策制度。而本研究發現,當前台灣科技產業發展政策仍較傾向於出口量產導向的新自由主義發展模式;雖能延續台灣在網絡中之出口量產型代工經濟的半邊陲地位,但是卻可能無法積極有效地提昇國家的結構性競爭力及其現在所處之網絡位階。有鑑於此,本研究針對現階段台灣科技產業政策制度,提出政策與空間規劃意涵:1.建構科技產業改革創新能力之政策機制;2.建構科技產業發展之彈性空間管理機制。
In recent years, following the development of economic globalisation, new international division of labor constructs the complicated spatial networks of economies under the development mode of flexible capital accumulation. Therefore,the related discussion of the influences of economic structural changes on economic spatial development is also gradually transferred to the analysis and research of spatial networks of economies. This research examines the economic spatial function orientation''s transition of Taiwan and the flexible productiondivisional relationship between every country in the process of the development of economic globalisation under the development mode of EOI through the directions of system and space; and then responds to the industrial space development of Taiwan as a whole on structural changes. Finally, according to the analyzing results, this research raises that how does Taiwan effectively enhance the structural competitiveness and the status in the spatial network of global economy with technology industrial polices and spatial planning under the environment of the getting worse global economy. Under the development mode of EOI, the economic system of extrovert development strengthens the influences of the global economic structural changes on Taiwan''s economic development; it makes Taiwan''s pyramidal industrial production chain connect with the production network of global economy. As a result, Taiwan is inlaid in the spatial network of global economy, and plays the role of certain spatial function of economy. Through the analysis of Taiwan''s spatial network of transnational economy for the trade flow and the commodity chain of semiconductor, this research finds out that Taiwan is mainly playing an agent production economic object of the semiperiphery export mass production orientation in the international spatial arrangement and stratum network of the globalproduction and manufacturing under the structural restriction of globalized development. Then the change of Taiwan''s network status from periphery to semiperiphery also reflects on the structural change of the nation''s economic space as a whole, such as the setups and reorganizations of the export-processing zones and the development of the science park in Taiwan. In the end of year 1970, the combination of the technological policies and industrial policies of Taiwan made the development policies of technology become an important policy system for enhancing the national competitiveness in the productive restructuring process of Taiwan economy. This research discovers that the present development policies of the technology industry still favors theneo-liberalist model, which is export mass production oriented. Althogh it cancontinue Taiwan''s agent production economic semiperiphery status of the exportmass production in the network, it will prevent Taiwan from actively and effectively enhancing the national structural competitiveness and the present network status. To be awared of this, this research aims on Taiwan''s policy system of the technology industry in the current stage, and brings out two point meanings of the policy and spatial planning. They are: 1. Building and constructing the innovative policy system of technology industry; 2. Building and constructing the flexible spatial management system of technology industry.
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