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研究生:陳明修
研究生(外文):Chen, Min-Siu
論文名稱:十四種品系雞隻的血液學與血液化學數據
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the Hematological and Blood Chemistry Parameters of Fourteen-Breed Chickens
指導教授:曾秋隆曾秋隆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsang Chau-Loong
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:獸醫學系
學門:獸醫學門
學類:獸醫學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:5
中文關鍵詞:血液學血液化學
外文關鍵詞:chickenshematologyblood chemistry
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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中文摘要本研究之目的在建立本省14種品系雞隻之血液學與血液化學數值
,並比較雞隻品種與性別間之血液學與血液化學之差異。計有14種品
系597隻雞之血液樣本,經試驗結果顯示,血液學檢查與性別有顯著性差
異性:紅血球總數(M/μL),在公雞以台灣烏骨雞(TW)品系(4.26±0.28)
最高,愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(3.18±0.37)最低;母雞以B品系(4.15
±1.11)最高,花東(F)品系(2.69±0.37)最低;血紅素值(g/dL)在公雞以
大陸烏骨雞(CW)品系(17.65±2.38)最高,愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(12.05
±1.38)最低;母雞以B品系(15.09±3.99)最高,花東(F)品系(10.64
±1.34)最低;血容比(%)在公雞以台灣烏骨雞(TW)品系(47.93±3.34)最
高,愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(35.86±4.89)最低;母雞以B品系(41.37
±12.29)最高,香港石岐(KT)品系(29.53±4.28)最低;公雞之紅血球總
數、血紅素、血容比值較母雞為高(P<0.05)。血液化學檢查結果:血清總
蛋白質(g/dL)在公雞以名古屋(NG)品系(5.10±1.06)最高,竹崎(J)品
系(3.74±0.36)最低;母雞以S品系(6.24±1.16)最高,愛拔益加肉雞(
AC)品系(4.39±0.56)最低;血清白蛋白(g/dL)在公雞以花東(F)品
系(1.96±0.77)最高,信義(T)品系(1.41±0.22)最低;母雞以S品
系(2.33±0.51)最高,愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(1.57±0.19)最低;血鈣(
mg/dL)在公雞以名古屋(NG)品系(14.25±1.33)最高,大陸烏骨雞(CW)品
系(10.06±2.37)最低;母雞以花東(F)品系(16.00±2.48)最高,北京油
雞(CN)品系(11.61±1.50)最低;血磷(mg/dL)在公雞以愛拔益加肉雞(AC)
品系(10.37±1.02)最高,名古屋(NG)品系(5.66±1.56)最低;母雞以愛
拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(10.58±0.98)最高,L2品系(7.02±1.25)最低;膽
固醇(mg/dL)在公雞以愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(173.73±44.34)最高,台灣
烏骨雞(TW)品系(103.21±17.12)最低;母雞以信義(T)品系(219.50
±52.20)最高,北京油雞(CN)品系(144.75±31.04)最低;三甘油脂(mg/
dL)在公雞以花東(F)品系(228.55±379.01)最高,D品系(62.57±25.76)
最低;母雞以香港石岐(KT)品系(1359.56±519.26)最高,愛拔益加肉雞(
AC)品系(73.14±17.88)最低;鐵(μg/dL)在公雞以花東(F)品系(222.71
±289.14)最高,B品系(96.29±32.86)最低;母雞以信義(T)品系(641.52
±249.61)最高,AC品系(125.82±23.26)最低;由上述結果顯示血清中總
蛋白質、白蛋白、鈣、磷、膽固醇、三甘油脂及鐵含量等,母雞均較公雞
高。血鈉(mmol/L)在公雞以愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(178.50±3.71)最高,
竹崎(J)品系(156.50±2.44)最低;母雞以愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(176.86
±3.96)最高,龍門蛋雞(LM)品系(153.76±4.97)最低;血鉀(mmol/L)在
公雞以愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(5.96±0.93)最高,大陸烏骨雞(CW)品
系(3.24±.68)最低;母雞以愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(6.23±0.68)最高,
龍門蛋雞(LM)品系(3.66±0.56)最低;血氯(mmol/L)在公雞以愛拔益加肉
雞(AC)品系(134.55±4.76)最高,大陸烏骨雞(CW)品系(114.05±1.70)最
低;母雞以愛拔益加肉雞(AC)品系(133.05±2.79)最高,龍門蛋雞(LM)品
系(107.24±6.91)最低;由上述結果顯示愛拔益加品系之血清中鈉、鉀、
氯等含量顯著增高。
Studies on the Clinical Pathological Values offourteen-breed
ChickensMin-Siu ChenAbstractThe purposes of this study was to
establish the normal haematolgical and blood chemistry values of
fourteen-breed chickens and to compare the differences between
breeds and sexes. Twenty-six blood chemistry values, thirteen
haematological values were estimated for fourteen-breed
chickens. A total of 597 chickens were sampled from 14 flocks.
Haematological values varied with sexes and breeds of chicken.
The highest average number of erythrocytes (M/uL) for male
chicken was found in TW breeds (4.26±0.28) and the lowest
number was in AC breeds (3.18±0.37). In the female, the highest
average number of erythrocytes (M/uL) was in B breeds
(4.15±1.11) and the lowest number was in F breeds (2.69±0.37).
The highest average concentration of hemoglobin (g/dL) for male
chicken was found in CW breeds (17.65±2.38) and the lowest
concentration was in AC breeds (12.05±1.38). In the female, the
highest average concentration of hemoglobin (g/dL)was in B
breeds (15.09±3.99) and the lowest was in F breeds
(10.64±1.34). The highest average value of hematocrit (%) for
male chicken was found in TW breeds (47.93±3.34) and the lowest
value was in AC breeds (35.86±4.89). In the female, the highest
average value of hematocrit (%) was in B breeds (41.37±12.29)
and the lowest value was in KT breeds (29.53±4.28). A higher
concentration of hemoglobin, red blood cell and hematocrit
(packed cell volume) were found in the male chicken. The results
of male and female chicken blood chemistry values ware as
following: The highest average concentration of total protein
(g/dL) for male chicken was found in NG breeds (5.10±1.06) and
the lowest concentration was in J breeds (3.74±0.36). In the
female, the highest average concentration of total protein (g/
dL) was in S breeds (6.24±1.16) and the lowest concentration
was in AC breeds (4.39±0.56). The highest average concentration
of albumin (g/dL) for male chicken was found in F breeds
(1.96±0.77) and the lowest concentration was in T breeds
(1.41±0.22). In the female, the highest average concentration
of albumin (g/dL) was in S breeds (2.33±0.51) and the lowest
concentration was in AC breeds (1.57±0.19). The highest average
concentration of calcium (mg/dL) for male chicken was found in
NG breeds (14.25±1.33) and the lowest concentration was in CW
breeds (10.06±2.37). In the female, the highest average
concentration of calcium (g/dL) was in F breeds (16.00±2.48)
and the lowest concentration was in CN breeds (11.61±1.50). The
highest average concentration of phosphorus (mg/dL) for male
chicken was found in AC breeds( 10.37±1.02) and the lowest was
in NG breeds (5.66±1.56). In the female, the highest average
concentration of phosphorus (mg/dL) was in AC breeds
(10.58±0.98) and the lowest concentration was in L2 breeds
(7.02±1.25). The highest average concentration of cholesterol
(mg/dL) for male chicken was found in AC breeds (173.73±44.34)
and the lowest concentration was in TW breeds (103.21±10.12).
In the female, the highest average concentration of cholesterol
(g/dL) was in T breeds (219.50±52.20) and the lowest
concentration was in CN breeds (144.75±31.04). The highest
average concentration of triglyceride (mg/dL) for male chicken
was found in F breeds (228.55±379.01). and the lowest
concentration was in D breeds (62.57±25.76). In the female, the
highest average concentration of triglyceride (g/dL) was in KT
breeds (1359.56±519.26) and the lowest concentration was in AC
breeds (73.14±17.88). The highest average concentration of iron
(μg/dL) for male chicken was found in F breeds
(222.71±289.14) and the lowest concentration was in B breeds
(96.29±32.86). In the female, the highest average concentration
of iron (μg/dL) was in T breeds (641.52±24961) and the lowest
concentration was in AC breeds (125.82±23.26). Differences were
observed between chicken sexes in total protein, albumin,
calcium, phosphorus, cholesterol, triglyceride, iron. The
highest average concentration of sodium (mmol/L) for male
chicken was found in AC breeds (178.50±3.71) and the lowest
concentration was in J breeds(156.50±2.44) In the female, the
highest average concentration of sodium (mmol/L) was in AC
breeds (176.86±3.96) and the lowest concentration was in LM
breeds (153.76±4.97). The highest average concentration of
potassium (mmol/L) for male chicken was found in AC breeds
(5.96±0.93) and the lowest concentration was in CW breeds
(3.24±0.68). In the female, the highest average concentration
of potassium (mmol/L) was in AC breeds (6.23±0.68) and the
lowest concentration was in LM breeds (3.66±0.56). The highest
average concentration of choloride (mmol/L) for male chicken was
found in AC breeds (134.55±4.76) and the lowest concentration
was in CW breeds (114.05±1.70). In the female, the highest
average concentration of choloride (mmol/L) was in AC breeds
(133.05±2.79) and the lowest concentration was in LM breeds
(107.24±6.91). The rsults were showed that the concentrations
of serum sodium, potassium and choloride of broilers increased
significantly.
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