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研究生:林素呅
研究生(外文):Lin, Shu Wam
論文名稱:臺灣食器色彩之初步研究-以陶瓷碗為例
論文名稱(外文):A Primary Study on The of Taiwanese Tableware-Using ceramic bowls as an example
指導教授:洪嘉永洪嘉永引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hu Cha Yon
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:140
中文關鍵詞:食器色彩陶瓷碗
外文關鍵詞:tablewarecolorceramic bowls
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本研究乃以陶瓷碗為例,探討台灣日據時期以來的食器色彩。從生活文化
、工藝發展史中加以深入探討,進而提出相關建議,以作為食器設計、社
會科學在實務上或相關研究上的參考。本研究所採用的方法主要有三:一
為文獻資料整理,二訪問學者與匠師,三是針對研究對象(陶瓷碗)進行
測色。研究所得結果,摘述如下:一、台灣陶瓷碗的色彩演變色相部份,
紅色、橙色和黃綠色的變化較少,一直都很受歡迎。黃色和藍紫色則越來
越少使用,無彩色明顯的在增加當中,在近三十年增加使用的色相有紫色
和紅紫色。整體而言,除了無彩色(N9)增加之外,色相的使用越來越平
均。明度部份,低明度越來越少使用,而高明度使用的幅度大量增加,中
明度的變化較少,顯示出台灣陶瓷碗的色彩明度越來越高,亦即白度越來
越高。彩度部份,低彩度雖未增加,但無彩色的大幅增加使用,明顯的顯
示出彩度的降低。總之,台灣陶瓷碗使用的色彩愈來愈豐富,愈來愈多元
化,明度提高顯示出白度愈來愈白,彩度愈來愈低表示色彩日益淡雅。二
、影響台灣陶瓷碗用色的因素一是原料,包括原料的來源、燃料種類、釉
彩的成分。二是加工技術的影響,以釉彩加工方式和窯爐技術影響較大。
三是經濟因素及社會習俗。四是審美要素。最後是外來文化的影響,其中
以中國大陸和日本影響較大。三、台灣各區陶瓷碗的色彩特質根據分區研
究結果顯示,台灣北部陶瓷碗的色彩較為豐富,以紅色、橙色、黃色最多
其次是綠色系和藍紫色,色調變化也很大,無彩色以高明度N9最多,無彩
色以粉色調分佈最為密集,鮮色調極少使用,其他色調都大量使用。中部
以黃色、橙色和藍紫色最多,並未有無彩色N9的使用,顯示出其白度較低
,色調部份除了明度調和鮮色調外,其他色調都有使用。南部則以粉色調
之黃色和橙色為主。整體而言,台灣陶瓷晚所使用的色彩,以北部最為豐
富,色調變化也較大,其次是中部,愈往南部,色彩的使用範圍愈小,色
調變化也愈小。四、台灣陶瓷碗的設色原則:1、 形制大小:基本上,台
灣陶瓷碗的設色與形制大小無明顯關係性。亦即台灣陶瓷碗的色彩並未因
形制之大小而有所差異。、 碗口:碗口色彩以偏向強色調和明色調的藍
紫色為主要色彩。3、 內外碗壁:基本上,碗壁內外的設色無明顯差異,
皆偏向高明度、低彩度的粉色調之橙色、黃色、黃綠色和藍色為主。無彩
色的白瓷碗壁是近三十年來的主流。、 圈足:圈足的色彩以藍紫色、紅
色、灰色及金色為主。色調具變化,包括粉色調、淺色調、強色調、深色
調和亮色調都有使用。、 紋飾用色多元化且自然,紅色、黃色、橙色、
綠色系、藍紫色都有大量的使用。色調部份除了鮮色調之外,其他色調都
有大量的使用。顯示出台灣陶瓷晚紋飾的色彩豐富,色調變化大。
The purpose of this research is to investigate the color of
Taiwanese tableware since the period of Japanese occupation,
using ceramic bowls as an example. In this research the author
looks into the living culture and the history of craft arts .
Some surgestions are proposed with the reference to the
designing of tableware, and also in other related researches in
social sciences.This research has employed three methods
mainly:1.Data analysis 2.Interviews with scholars and craftsmen
3.Color measurement of the objectsThe results of this research
are outlined as follows:Ⅰ.The color trend of the ceramic bowls
in TaiwanIn the aspect of HUE, there has been little change in
the application of Red, Orange and Yellowish Green. They seem to
be popular all the time. Nevertheless, there has been less and
less application of Yellow and Bluish purple. The use of neutral
has increased evidently. In the past thirty years the HUE which
has been increasingly used also includes Purple and Reddish
Purple. As a whole, except for neutral, the application of
different hues has gradually become balanced. Regarding VALUE,
low value has been In sum, the color range of Taiwanese ceramic
bowls has become wider. The heightening of value indicates the
increase of whiteness. The lowering of chroma indicates the
color has become softer and softer.Ⅱ.The factors that affect
the color application of Taiwanese tableware1. The raw
materialsIt includes the source of material, the categories of
fuel and the ingredients of glaze.2. The processing
technologyThe method of glaze processing and kiln technology
have more influence over the color application of the finished
work.3. Economical factors and social custom4. Esthetical
elements5. Cultural influences from other areasThe influences
from China and Japan are stronger than those from other areas.
Ⅲ.The coloring features of the ceramic bowis in different areas
of TaiwanAccording to the results of the small division
research, the colors of the ceramic bowls in northern Taiwan
are richer. Red, Orange and Yellow have been mostly used. Green
and Bluish Purple rank the second. The tone varies a lot. Among
neutral, high value N9 has been mostly used.V has seldom been
used. The other tones have been used abundantly.Yellow, Orange
and Bluish Purple are the main colors used in central part of
Taiwan. There has been no evidence that neural N9 has been used.
So the whiteness of the ceramic bowls in central Taiwan is
comparatively low. All tones have been used except B. and V.In
southern Taiwan, Yellow and Orange of VP have been mostly used.
In general, the color of the ceramic bowls in northern Taiwan is
the richest. The further south it goes, the smaller the range of
the color and the less variety the tone.Ⅳ.The principle of
color planning in Taiwanese ceramic bowls1. The size of shape:
Basically there is no evident correlation between the color
planning and the size of shape. 2. The rim of bowl: The main
color of the rim includes S and B bluish purple.3. The outer and
inner walls of bowls: Basically there is not much difference
between the outer and the inner walls of the bowls. The main
colors of both of them include VP Orange, VP Yellow, VP
Yellowish green and Blue. Neutral white porcelain has been the
main stream in the past thirty years.4. The foot of bowl: The
main colors of the foot of bowl includes Bluish Purple , Red,
Gray and Golden. A variety of tones are used for the foot
includes VP, P, S, Dp and L. 5. The color of the decoration has
varieties and is natural. There is an abundant use of Yellow,
Orange, Green, Red and Bluish Purple. In the aspect of tone,
except for V, all tones have been used frequently.
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