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研究生:李惠美
研究生(外文):Lee, Hui-Mei
論文名稱:愛麗絲.渥克<<紫色>>中大我之追尋
論文名稱(外文):"Being Part of Everything": The Search for the Communal Self in Alice Walker's The Color Purple
指導教授:柯克柯克引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rufus Cook
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:87
中文關鍵詞:社區種族主義自我
外文關鍵詞:selfcommunitysexismracismAfro-American
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本論文旨在探討愛麗絲﹒渥克《紫色》一書中有關於大我之追尋,
而其表現方式依序為:(一)敘事技巧,(二)個人與團體間的互動關係,(
三)非洲傳統文化之展現。本文共分五章,第一章為引言,說明研究動機
和研究方法。當代主流文學一般均以個人之自我追尋為主題,而美國黑人
文學更將此一主題從個人擴展至團體,因為自我和團體事實上是密不可分
的,沒有群體的幫助,就無法達到完整的自我。因此,能夠實現大我對個
人和團體而言都是一項最大成就。 第二章採用札加雷爾(Sandra A.
Zagarell)所定義的社區文體(narrative ofcommunity)特質為基礎來檢視
此小說中所呈現出文體之特性。小說裡無論是對於平時生活的描述,語言
,人物的互動等,在在透露出渥克想要創造出一個社區團體的意圖,而這
個社區團體涵蓋了個人與團體的自我追尋。 第三章說明自我追尋的達
成需要個人與團體間良性的互動。因為這兩者的關係是互補的,唯有兩者
相互配合才能有最完美的結果。渥克更揭示女性的群體力量能使個人與團
體同蒙其利。這種藉由女性情誼發展出來的群體力量不僅解放了受擺佈,
壓迫的女性,更重要的是,它也扭轉了男人支配一切的固有模式,形成整
個社區團體之基礎,並藉著兩性的共同力量,使得個人與團體都能從過去
性別及種族主義中跳脫出來,進入一個全新的境界。 第四章乃是有關
大我之追尋,這當中包括了對文化背景全盤的了解。因此就黑人而言,個
人及團體的完整性,與其祖先的非洲文化根源有密切的關係。在此本小說
中,渥克提出用來自非洲的文化傳統,亦即親族關係的互動方式與大家庭
制度,解決社區中個人與團體遭遇的性別與種族歧視,這兩種方法都有助
於大我的建立。 第五章為結論,回顧渥克所創造的此一理想大同世界
。筆者認為唯一的小瑕疵,在於她對超越種族界限的社區之描寫,然而大
致而言,並不影響她的整體創作表現,因為她在小說中注入無限的希望,
讓人對未來充滿了樂觀。就渥克在《紫色》一書中所展現的大我之追尋,
以及她提供我們對於未來世界一種新的可能之想像而言,她是成功而且超
越其它作家的。

While modern literature has been preoccupied with the
mainstream theme of the search for self, Afro-American
literature expands this concern from self to community, for self
and community are in fact indispensable: without the assistance
of the community, the individual can't achieve a complete sense
of self. Therefore, the attainment of the communal self is the
greatest achievement both for the individual and for the
community. This thesis attempts to explore the search for the
communal self in The Color Purple in terms of the narrative
techniques, of the interactions between self and community, of
the indebtedness to African heritage. First of all, the
search for the communal self is demonstrated in the narrative of
the novel. Her consistent adherence to the main characteristics
of the "narrative of community," which Sandra A. Zagarell
identifies, shows Walker's design in creating a community which
includes not only the quest for self-identity but also the
search for a community conductive to individual fulfillment.
Secondly, a healthy sense of self involves a reciprocal
relationship between self and community for they proceed in a
complementary way and culminate in the celebration of their
mutual attainment. Walker demonstrates that it is female
bonding that benefits self and community: it liberates the
dominated women, and, more importantly, rectifies the dominant
men, thus forming the basis of the community. In the end,
because of the communal strength from both males and females,
the community as well as the individuals shake off their
previous predicament of sexism and racism and anticipate a
hopeful future. Thirdly, an inquiry into the communal self
entails a full understanding of the cultural background;
therefore, in a black milieu, the wholeness of self and
community requires the close affiliation with the African roots.
In this novel, the solutions Walker offers to relieve the
community of the sexist and racist oppressions derive from the
African cultural traditions--the interaction mode of kinship and
the institution of the extended family, both of which contribute
to the final establishment of the communal self. This thesis
concludes with a review of Walker's aim to create a promising
communal world but it is found that she leaves something to be
desired in her design of the inter-racial community. This
trivial flaw, however, doesn't do serious harm to her overall
creation because she sows the seeds of hope in the future and
views the future optimistically. To sum up, in light of her
steadfast endeavor to envisage fresh possibilities for a future
world, there is no doubt Walker does succeed and that she
surpasses other writers in doing so.

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