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研究生:莊鑫裕
論文名稱:舉重運動員最大靜態呼吸壓力與上身肌力之關係
論文名稱(外文):Relationship between Maximal Staticc Respiratory Pressures and Upper Body Strength in Weight-lifters
指導教授:衛沛文衛沛文引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:最大靜態呼氣壓力最大靜態吸氣壓力呼吸肌肌力上身肌力直立推舉背肌力軀幹前彎
外文關鍵詞:PImaxPEmaxrespiratory muscle strengthupper body strengthpress testback-lift testtrunk flexion test
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  近年來呼吸肌在運動訓練時引發適應變化的研究已逐漸的發展,從動物與人體的實驗資料中,可發現不少運動訓練影響呼吸肌的明確證據。然而,依解剖學的觀點,呼吸肌屬於上身肌肉,先前研究並沒有明確的指出提升呼吸肌肌力是因為早身或下身訓練所致?且受試對象主要是正常人與病人,對運動員方面的研究卻相當少。本研究目的是探討舉重運動對呼吸肌肌力的影響與呼吸肌肌力和上身肌力的關係。以22名男性優秀舉重運動員和 20 名男性非運動員為受對象,於進行最大靜態呼吸壓力、肺功能和三項上身肌力測量(直立推舉;背肌力;軀幹前彎)。其最大靜態呼吸壓力的測量是以吸氣接近總肺容量(PE max TLC)和呼氣接近殘氣量(PI max RV)的方法測量;測量肺功能是依Quanjer(1983)的方法。結果顯示1. 舉重運動員的PEmax顯著高於非運動員(P<0.01),但 PI max 並無差異。2.舉重運動員的最大靜態呼吸壓力與三項上身肌力測量結果均呈現顯著的正相關,而非運動員除PI max 外亦呈現相同的結果。因此推論,透過舉重運動能提升呼氣肌肌力且呼吸肌肌力與上身肌力存在著正直線關係。
  The changes of exercise training on the adaptive response of respiratory muscles have been gradually grown in recent years. The effects of exercise training on respiratory muscles have clearly demonstrated in animal and human studies. In the view of anatomy. respiratory muscles are upper body muscles, However,Previous studies had not clearly demonstrated that did upper body or lower body training result in respiratory muscle strength to be improved? In addition, most of the subjects in those studies were nornal humans and penitents, Little was unknown about the athletes. Therefore, one of the purposes of this study was to exam the effect of weight lifting on respiratory muscle strength. The other one was to determine the relationships between respiratory muscle strength and upper body strength. Subjects were 22 males of elite weight-lifters and 20 untrained males. Measurements including were maximal static respiratory pressures, lung functions, and three upper body strengths tests (press,back-lift, and trund flexion tests. The measurements of Maximal static respiratory pressures on inspiration and expiration were generated near residual volume (RV) and total lung capacity (TLC).Beside, the measurement of lung functions was adapted by Quanjer (1983).The results showed: (a) PE max were significantly higher in elite weight lifters than those of untrained group (p<0.01). However,there was no significant differences in PI max between both groups; (b)there was no significantly positive liner relationships between maximal static respiratory pressures and three upper body tests in weight lifter group. In addition to PI max, the same results also showed in untrained group. Therefore, it suggested that expiratory muscle strength can be improved by weight lifting . In addition, respiratory muscle strength and upper body strength had linear relationships.
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