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研究生:林建豪
研究生(外文):LIN- CHIEN-HAO
論文名稱:國小中高年級學童運動能力發展之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Motor Ability Development in Primary School Students
指導教授:陳全壽陳全壽引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen Chuan-Show
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:運動教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:國小學童運動能力大肌肉活動能力小肌肉活動能力運動覺能力手眼協調選擇反應能力
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本研究為探討國小中、高年級學童運動能力的發展,而以台北縣,市四所國小三至六年的學童495名(男251名、女244名),分別測其身體型態(身高、體重、胸圍、BMI)、大肌肉活動能力(身高、體重、胸圍、BMI)、小肌肉活動能力(手眼協調選擇反應能力)、運動覺能力(握力預測,閉眼繞圈)等。所得資料經平均數、標準差、t考驗及皮爾遜積差相關等統計考驗分析比較後得知: 1.波比運動與運動覺能力會受到第二性徵出現之前或初期快速發育的影響而停滯或退步之外,運動能力皆隨年齡的成長而進步。此外,各年齡層的男學童皆優於女學童,但手眼協調選擇反應能力與閉眼繞圈例外。2.波比運動與體重、BMI達顯著正相關;聲光反應分別與波比運動、30公尺衝刺及手眼協調選擇反應呈正相關;運動覺與手眼協調選擇反應能力有某種關係存在。3.整體上,男女學童在大肌肉活動能力與運動覺能力達顯著差異,且在10、11歲,是運動能力發展差異較大的時期;而在相接近年齡間,運動能力大部分皆達顯著差異。
The purpose of this study was to examine the different development patterns of the elementary school boys and girls, 495 students including 251 boys and 244 girls from the third to sixth grade were served as subjects voluntarily for this study. Four major ports of study were included: body morphological growth and development(high, weighet, chest girth, and BMI), gross motor ability(grip, strength, 30m dash, Burpee test, sound light reaction), fine motor control ability(hand-eye coordination cognitive reaction ability), and the kinesthetic sense ability(grip strength and closed eye body turn prediction).Findings as summarized briefly as followed: 1.Motor abilities were improved following the increasing of age, but both Burpee and kinesthetic sense were deadlock or even decrease soon before and after the rapid growth of seconding sexual development before adolescence. In despite of age differences boys were found superior to the girls in static motor ability, except hand-eye cognitive reaction and closed eye body truning.2.The ability of Burpee test was close co-related with the body weight and BMI, sound light simple reaction ability was co-related significantly with Burpee 30m dash, and hand-eye coordination cognitive reaction ability, hand-eye coordination cognitive reaction had some extend of co-relationship with kinesthetic sense. 3.The results indicated that boys'' gross motor ability and kinesthetic sense were superior to girls'' significantly. This gender difference was more salient among 11 and 12 years old children
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