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研究生:李榮豐
研究生(外文):Lee Edward
論文名稱:在成敗情境中不同目標取向者之自我效能、滿意度及承諾感對其目標挑戰水準選擇之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Goal orientations and Success/Failure on Self-efficacy, Satisfaction, Commitment and Task choice
指導教授:季力康季力康引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-kang Chi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:運動教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:目標取向自我效能滿意度承諾感目標挑戰水準
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本研究的目的在於探討不同目標取向、成敗情境對自我效能、滿意度、承諾感乃至目標挑戰水準選擇的影響。從臺北縣某商職的486名女生中(Age=17±0.82)中,篩選出80個受試者,並將40名高工作/低自我取向者與40名高自我/低工作取向者隨機平均分配為成功或失敗組,受試者被安排進行「陳式手眼協調反應測試」的挑戰比賽3次,同時連續給予3次成功或失敗的虛假回饋,據以了解並比較其自我效能、滿意度、承諾感及目標挑戰水準選擇之情形。研究結果顯示:(一)目標取向、成敗情境對自我效能具有交互作用,且在失敗情境下,工作取向者之自我效能顯著高於自我取向杭(二)目標取向和成敗情境對滿意度具有主要效果;高工作/低自我取向者之滿意度高於高自我/低工作取向者;成功情境下的滿意度亦顯著高於失敗情境 (三)在失敗情境下,高自我/低工作取向者傾向於逃避選擇適宜的目標挑戰水準。(四)在失敗情境下的高自我/低工作取向者,其承諾感高時會選擇過高的挑戰水準,而承諾感低時則會選擇過低的挑戰水準。對於本研究的結論與對將來的研究的建議,亦於文中加以討論。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of goal orientation and success/failure on self-efficacy, satisfaction, commitment and challenge level choice. Subjects were 80 female students (Age=17±0.82)selected from 486 senior high school students in Taipei-Prior to the experiment, 40 high task-/low ego-oriented subjects and 40 high ego -/low task-oriented subjects were randomly assigned to either success or failure group. Subjects were asked to choose different challenge levels and then to pform on Chen''s hand eye cognitive reaction test. Subjects were received 3 consecutive bogus feedback regarding success or failure after each trial. Subjects'' self-efficacy, satisfaction, commitment were assessed after each trial. The results of this study indicated that (1) There was significant interactive effect of goal orientations and success/failure on self-efficacy. Specifically, when experiencing failure, high task-/low ego-oriented subjects reported greater self-efficacy than high ego-/low task-oriented subjects. (2) There were main effects of goal orientations and success/failure on satisfaction. High task-/low ego-oriented subjects reported greater satisfaction then high ego -/low task-oriented subjects. In addition, Subjects who experienced success reported greater satisfaction than subjects who experienced failure. (3)High ego-/low task-oriented subjects tended to avoid choosing moderate challenge level after failure. (4) After failure, high ego-/Low task-oriented subjects who were high commitment chose extremely high challenge level. On the other hand, high ego-/low task-oriented subjects who were low commitment chose extremely low challenge level. The implications future directions of this study are discussed.
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