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研究生:簡明旭
論文名稱:國中學生對垃圾問題的知識、態度與行為之研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior Toward Solid Waste Problems in Junior High Students
指導教授:蔡長添蔡長添引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:科學教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:普通科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:145
中文關鍵詞:國中生垃圾問題
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:26
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本研究旨在瞭解目前國中學生對於垃圾問題有何知識、態度與行為,並進一步探討其彼此間之相關關係。
本研究採取「目的性取樣」(purposive sampling),所選取的研究對象為台中市南屯區全部的國中學生與民國八十五年度台中市環保績優學校前三名的三所國中學生,做為「標的母群體」(target population),然後進行「分層隨機採樣」(stratified random sampling),分別由這六所國中的每個年級,各隨機採取一個班級為研究樣本 本研究利用自編問卷進行問卷調查;其問卷經過預試(pilot test)與分析並去蕪存菁,然後再進行正式施測,得到有效樣本 704位,並進行12位學生晤談。資料分析利用SPSS For Windows Release 6.0來處理,進行了α信度相關係數等相關的統計分析。本研究所獲至的重要結論如下﹕
一、國中學生對垃圾問題的知識與態度,兩者之間,呈現出極顯著約正相關(p=.000)。
二、國中學生對於垃圾問題的態度與行為,兩者之間,亦呈現出極顯著的正相關(p=.000)。亦即具有正向積極態度的學生,常表現出負責任的環境行為。
三、國中學生對於垃圾問題的知識與行為,兩者之間,呈現出顯著約正相關(p=.013)。亦即具有較多垃圾問題知識的學生,知道如何處理垃圾,常表現出負責任的行馬。
四、兩個不同集團,其國中學生垃圾問題的知識、態度與行為之間,並無顯著的差異( showed very little significance)。
This study was attempted to investigate how the knowledge, attitude and behavior toward solid waste problems in junior high students.
The samples in this study were randomly selected by purposive sampling method from three Nan-twen junior high schools (cluster 1) the top three of the best schools for environment education (cluster 2) in Taichung City.
The study was made by a questionnaire developed by the researcher himself. After pilot test (in 124 students ) , the validity and reliability were verified. Then, the formal test was taken in 704 students, and statistical analysis was proceeded with “SPSS for windows 6.0”.
This study was adopted “purposive sampling.”The "target population" was cluster 1 and cluster 2. (cluster 1 : all the junior high students in Nan-twen , Taichung City; cluster 2: the students of three of the best junior high schools in practicing environmental education in Jaichung City) Through " stratified random sampling," the researcher drew one class out from each grade of each school, as the samples of this study.
The chief instrument of the study was questionnaire developed by the researcher himself. After taking pilot tests, formal tests were taken. In formal tests, 704 valid samples were collected and 12 students were interviewed. By means of adopting " SPSS For Windows 6.0," α reliability coefficient and the other relevant data were statistically analyzed. And the significant conclusions acquired from this study were listed as the following statements.
(1).The correlation between the knowledge and the attitude toward solid waste problems in junior high students was highly positive.
(2).The correlation between the attitude and the behavior toward solid waste problems in junior high students was also highly positive. Students who showed positive attitude usually took responsible behavior.
(3).The correlation between the knowledge and the behavior toward solid waste problems in junior high students was positive, too. Students that possessed more knowledge about solid waste knew bow to handle or treat solid waste and they took responsible behavior more often.
(4).There was very little significance between these two clusters'' knowledge, attitude and behavior toward solide waste problems.
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