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研究生:杜昭玫
研究生(外文):Tu, Chao-Mei
論文名稱:<兔子,跑>與當代美國社:文化唯物論的觀點
論文名稱(外文):Rabbit,Run and Its America: A Cultural Materialist Perspective
指導教授:張國慶張國慶引用關係---
指導教授(外文):Kenny Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:英文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:厄普戴克兔子
外文關鍵詞:UpdikeRabbitRun
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本文主要是以文化唯物論探討<兔子,跑>與當代美國社會的關係。
並以不同切入的角度作為各章節之主題。
第一部份以引介文化唯物論為主題,導入文本與社會關係,並將文化唯
物論與新歷史主義略作區分。
第一章呈現當代美國社會經濟與階級方面的總體表現與內在的衝突,對
照文本中角色人物其生活受經濟與階級
影響的情形,以及當中的掙扎與反抗。
第二章在概述當代美國社會宗教與媒體主要的趨向與現象,並點出在整體中的歧異,
以及文本中宗教與媒體所扮演的角色,他們是如何與角色人物的生活交織作用。
第三章則是在探討六0年代婦女運動之前的發源時期。這本敘述五0年代美國社會
的小說包括了一些女性意識完全興起前的一些徵兆。

Here in the thesis, the approach taken is chiefly cultural
materialism. It will be, therefore, an analysis involving
historical context, theoretical method, political commitment,
and close reading.
The first section includes an elaboration on the relationship
between ideology and individual agent. In the light of Louis
Althusser's concept of Ideology, no possibility of individual
escape from the ideological control can be conceived. An
Althusserean revolution, according to other critics, won't take
place in any real sense. On the other hand, with Raymond
Williams's and Gramsci's theory in mind, both the concepts of
"structures of feeling" and "hegemony" allow the space for
revolution, or
alternative survival.
The second section is primarily an attempt to connect the
content of the text to contemporary American society, with
Althusser's "ideological apparatuses" as the analytical
strategy. Rabbit feels the ubiquitous presence of a "trap" in
Rabbit, Run. His instinctive sense of the social pressure, the
functioning of "ideological apparatuses," precipitates his
rebellion. Within the text, the social fabrics that construct
the net includes economy, religion, and family, and popular
culture. Consequently, I
will analyze these elements both within the text and
contemporary American society, find out the correspondence, and
situate the text in its historical circumstances.
The third section concerns the role of women both in the text
and in the fifties. Despite Rabbit's degrading treatment and
depiction of women in the text, those female characters still
display their own potential to resist. Ruth, Rabbit's
mistress, is to some degree in possession of the ability to
criticize, and Janice, Rabbit's wife, is capable of enjoying
her own life when Rabbit runs away. Besides, her alcoholism
represents her dissatisfaction with the existent situation.
Transforming to the
horizon.

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