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研究生:王春益
研究生(外文):Wang, Chun-Yih
論文名稱:兩岸人民通婚之調查研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Cross-Strait Marriage
指導教授:潘錫堂
指導教授(外文):Pan, Hsi-Tang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:淡江大學
系所名稱:中國大陸研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:86
語文別:中文
論文頁數:171
外文關鍵詞:Cross-Strait MarriageMarriageCross-Strait RelationMainland ChinaChinaTaiwanPRC
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:48
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海峽兩岸自一九四九年分裂以來,歷經長期隔絕,迨至一九八七年十一月我政府開放人民赴大陸探親後,各項交流始逐漸熱絡。隨著兩岸人民往來日益密切,通婚案件亦逐漸增多;然而由於政府對大陸地區配偶申請來臺定居,採取年度配額等政策,民意迭有要求放寬,政府亦相應陸續研議開放措施。
本論文係針對截至一九九六年底已向政府提出申請來臺定居之一五五八二對兩岸通婚案件,進行問卷調查研究。本研究採系統抽樣方式,抽取三九七六對郵寄問卷,有效回收份數六二二份,有效回收率百分之十五點六四,資料經整理後,使用SPSS統計套裝軟體進行分析。
論文共分五章二十節六十一項。第一章緒論,旨在敘明本文之研究動機與目的、研究方法,以及研究範圍與限制。第二章文獻探討與理論基礎,主要研究異國通婚概況、兩岸對人民通婚的政策、相關文獻與婚姻理論,作為本文論述基礎。第三章兩岸人民通婚實證研究,係針對問卷調查進行分析研究 ,其內容包括兩岸人民通婚的結構分析、擇偶過程、婚姻穩定性、大陸地區配偶來臺的生活適應以及對臺灣地區之大陸地區配偶政策的滿意度。第四章兩岸人民通婚議題研究,主要針對兩岸人民通婚重要議題,如大陸地區配偶政策、連鎖定居問題、兩岸婚姻問題、大陸地區配偶來臺衍生之問題等,進行探討。第五章結論,為歸納研究發現,並提出對策建議。
綜合以上調查研究,本論文主要研究發現:
一、臺灣配偶為男性者遠多於為女性者,其比例為百分之九十五比五。
二、臺灣配偶年齡高於大陸配偶,並存在「老夫少妻」現象。
三、臺灣配偶的籍貫為本省籍與大陸省籍各半,主要居住地為北部地區;大陸配偶的籍貫半數設籍東部沿海省份,其居住地與籍貫大致相符。
四、臺灣配偶之教育程度稍高於大陸配偶,但無顯著差異。其主要學歷均為高中程度。
五、臺灣配偶與大陸配偶之職業均以工人最多。在經濟狀況上,臺灣配偶平均月收入為三萬元,另有七成的大陸配偶在臺沒有收入。
六、臺灣配偶有近三分之一屬於再婚,大陸配偶則為近四分之一,再婚率均偏高。
Since the split in 1949, both sides of the Taiwan Strait have been long isolated from each other until November 1987 when the R.O.C. government adopted the policy to allow people in Taiwan visit their relatives in mainland China. Afterwards the exchanges in many fields between the Taiwan Strait have become gradually frequent. Proportional to the increasing exchanges, the number of cross-strait marriage also increases constantly. The R.O.C. government adopted the policy of annual quota to regulate this issue. As the general public responded with a request of loosening the restriction of the policy, the government began to study that possibility.
This thesis is written by conducting poll studies of the 15582 cross-strait marriage cases which applied for residence in Taiwan before the end of 1996. The approach of systematic random selection is adopted to serve the study. 3976 applicants were selected as questionee, valid respondents numbered 622, which constituted the percentage of valid response of 15.64. The responded questionnaires were then analyzed by SPSS statistical software.
This thesis consists of five chapters, twenty paragraphs and sixty-one items. Chapter One illustrates the motive, purpose and approach of the study as well as its area and limit. Chapter Two is focused on the study of overall situation in transnational marriage, cross-strait marriage policy adopted by both governments of the Taiwan Strait, relative document and marriage theories so as to serve as the foundation of this thesis. Chapter Three analyses the responded questionnaires, which includes the analyze of cross-strait marriage structure, the process of selecting spouse, the stability of marriage, how well do the mainland spouses adapt themselves to the life in Taiwan and their satisfaction with the R.O.C.''s policy of regulating cross-strait marriage. Chapter Four discusses such major issues in the cross-strait marriage as PRC''s policy of cross-strait marriage, chain residence, cross-strait marriage, problems caused by mainland spouse in Taiwan. Chapter Five concludes the findings of study and suggests possible solutions.
This thesis comes to the following conclusions according to the above-mentioned studies:
1. Male Taiwanese spouses outnumber female Taiwanese spouses with the percentage of 95 to 5.
2. Taiwanese spouse are older than mainland spouses, the phenomenon of "old husband, young wife" exists.
3. 50% of Taiwanese spouses are with the native place of Taiwan and provinces of mainland China, most of their residence is in northern Taiwan, 50% of mainland spouses are with the native place of coastal provinces, they reside in their native place in general.
4. The educational level of Taiwanese spouses is slightly higher than that of their mainland spouses. No remarkable difference is seen. Their average educational level is high school.
5. Most Taiwanese and mainland spouses are labor. The average income of Taiwanese spouses is NT$ 30,000. 70% of mainland spouses have no income in Taiwan.
6. Nearly one-third of Taiwanese spouses are remarried, the figure is almost one-fourth that of the mainland spouses. The percentage of their remarriage is higher than average.
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