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研究生:蔡文斌
研究生(外文):Michael Wen-Ping Tsai
論文名稱:喬治歐威爾的一九八四中之烏托邦與反烏托邦思想
論文名稱(外文):Utopia and Anti-Utopia in Geroge Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four
指導教授:傅述先傅述先引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:外國語文研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:英文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:一九八四烏托邦反烏托邦喬治.歐威爾以撒.柏林極權主義自由
外文關鍵詞:Nineteen Eighty-FourutopiadystopiaGeorge OrwellIsaiah Berlintotalitarianismliberty
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:2027
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
與曾亞亭的我們及赫胥黎的美麗新世界並譽為三大反烏托邦經典,喬治.歐威爾的一九八四可謂是二十世紀最重要的小說之一。此書不僅直接或間接地攻擊極權主義,它更是對集權政治的一大警示。藉由轉化烏托邦式的和諧與完美成反烏托邦的壓迫與死寂,歐威爾提供讀者機會去反省、深思人類面臨的困境與人類存在的目的為何。
論文首章的討論主題是介紹烏托邦與反烏托邦的區別。在第二章,筆者將歐威爾的一九八四解讀為反烏托邦的文學作品。此作品中,歐威爾諷刺烏托邦式的和諧與完美並將其轉化成反烏托邦的壓迫與死寂;此外,另一個焦點則是書中男主角溫斯頓史密斯對抗同質性的社會以及人為化的和諧的過程。第三章則要深入討論一九八四中的新語。做為黨箝制思想與維持永久權力的工具,新語是不折不扣的反烏托邦的語言。論文的最後一章中,以撒.柏林的正面自由與反面自由的概念將被應用來分析一九八四中黨的極權控制;此外,以撒.柏林的道德多元論與一元論的思想也是本章討論的重點。

Ranked with Zamyatin’s We and Huxley’s Brave New World as classic dystopian novels, Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is one of the greatest novels in the twentieth century. It is not merely a direct or indirect attack on totalitarianism. It is also a general warning that absolute power in the hands of any government might deprive its people of all basic freedom and humanity. By inverting utopian harmony and perfection into dystopian suffocation and coercion, Orwell offered his readers opportunities to reconsider and contemplate the plight which human beings are facing and the moral ends or values which mankind pursues.
In the first chapter, the primary issue is the distinctions between literary utopias and anti-utopias or dystopias. In the second chapter, Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is read as a dystopia. In the novel, Orwell satires the utopian harmony and perfection into dystopian coercion and stagnation. The second part of the chapter focuses upon the male protagonist’s revolt against the homogeneity and the artificial harmony. In the third chapter, I would like to discuss Newspeak. As the most powerful tool of the Party to dehumanize its subjects and to perpetuate its power, Newspeak is devised as a dystopian language. Isaiah Berlin’s concepts about positive liberty and negative liberty are my major concern in the final chapter of the thesis. These concepts will be used to interpret the totalitarian control in Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. Moreover, Berlin’s thinking about moral pluralism and monism is the focus of the chapter.

Introduction …………… 1
Chapter One: Utopia and Anti-utopia…………… 5
Chapter Two: Geroge Orwell's Ninetten Eighty-Four as a Dystopia
…………… 24
Chapter Three: Linguistic Utopianism and Dystopian Newspeak
…………… 47
Chapter Four: The One and the Many--Monism and Pluralism
…………… 72
Conclusion …………… 89
Works Cited …………… 95

Works Consulted

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