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研究生:林永欣
研究生(外文):Yung Hsin Lin
論文名稱:高樓連續系統之動態與控制
論文名稱(外文):Dynamic Control in Tall Building of Distributed System
指導教授:王安培馮榮豐馮榮豐引用關係
指導教授(外文):An Pei WangRong Fong Fung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:連續系統主動式調質阻尼器可變結構控制法模糊滑動模式控制法遺傳演算滑動模式控制法
外文關鍵詞:Distributed systemATMDVSSFSMCGASMC
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本文旨在發展連續樓房系統(Distributed System of Building)於主動式調質阻尼器(ATMD)結構系統並利用三種不同的控制方法進行控制,使得本系統在承受外擾力作用下,能確保其穩定。此系統應用Hamilton’s 原理,以有限元素法建立運動方程式。
因為連續系統含括樑柱本身的效益,使其更符合實際結構。其動態反應分析更具有其實用性。
系統的控制方法為可變結構控制法(VSS)、模糊滑動模式控制法(FSMC)和遺傳演算滑動模式控制法(GASMC)。採用Runge-Kutta法作為非線性方程式的數值運算方法。數值模擬結果表示ATMD控制能有效地減少結構於外擾力作用下的反應,模擬結果亦顯示了連續樓房結構系統可以實際應用於不同的控制理論;同時討論出GASMC的控制較VSS與FSMC可以得到更好的控制效果。比較三種不同的控制方法,同樣能有效的降低動態反應,但是GASMC更能提供較小的控制力。因此GASMC法更具有經濟與實用的效益而連續系統亦是另一種不錯的樓房分析模型。

The purpose of this research is to develop the distributed system of building with three different control method in the active-tuned-mass damper (ATMD) structure control system. It is desired that the structure under control can be sustaining in stability when subject was suffered by external disturbances. The motion equation describing this system is derived from Hamilton’s principle. An approximate model is made by finite element formulation.
The dynamic response analysis is more practical in distributed system. Owing to the distributed system includes the effect of beam, it is more fit in with the actual structure.
These control methods are variable structure system (VSS), fuzzy sliding mode control (FSMC), and genetic algorithm sliding mode control (GASMC). The numerical integration is performed by using Runge-Kutta method. The results of numerical simulation present that the ATMD control can reduce the response of the buildings under external disturbances effectively. And the distributed system is applied successfully by different control methods. In simulation results, the dynamic resonance of building structural control in distributed system is also used by different control methods. The effect of GASMC is more than VSS and FSMC method. When using these three methods, VSS, FSMC, and GASMC, the same results will be obtained. But GASMC method is more economical and practical due to using smaller controlling force. Therefore, GASMC is the better analysis model of building system.

Abstract in Chinese
Abstract
誌謝
研究動機與目的
研究方法與成果
結論與討論
Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Problems of Tall Building with TMD in Finite Element Method
2.1 System Description
2.2 Kinetic and Strain Energies
2.3 Virtual Work
2.4 Finite Element Discretization
2.5 The Governing Equation
Chapter 3. Control Theory
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Control Systems of Variable Structure
3.2.1 Introduction
3.2.2 The Method of Sliding Mode Control
3.3 Fuzzy Theory
3.3.1 Theory of Fuzzy
3.3.2 Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control
3.3.3 Fuzzification of Observation and Control Force
3.3.4 Language Control Rule
3.3.5 Look Up Table
3.4 Genetic Algorithm
3.4.1 Introduction
3.4.2 Genetic Algorithm Sliding Mode Control Law
Chapter 4 Numerical Results and Discussion
4.1 Dynamic Analysis
4.1.1 Establish Model in The Building
4.1.2 Initial Condition
4.1.3 Dynamic Analysis
4.2 Numerical Results and Discussion
4.2.1 VSS Control
4.2.2 FSMC Control
4.2.3 GASMC Control
4.3 Comparing different Control Law
4.3.1 VSS control and FSMC control
4.3.2 VSS control and GASMC control
4.3.3 FSMC control and GASMC control
Chapter 5 Conclusions and Suggestions
5.1 Conclusions
5.2 Suggestions
References
Appendix A Formulation of chapter 2
Appendix B Routh-Hurwitz rule
Appendix C Introduction of VSS
Appendix D Example of genetic algorithm
Table
Figure Legend

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