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研究生:葉怡君
研究生(外文):Yi-Chun Yeh
論文名稱:憂鬱對情緒性訊息處理的影響
論文名稱(外文):The effect of depression on affective information process
指導教授:謝碧玲謝碧玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bi-Ling Shieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:高雄醫學院
系所名稱:行為科學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:情緒性訊息憂鬱自我評估情緒性別
外文關鍵詞:affective informationdepressionself-evaluationemotiongender
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:19
  • 點閱點閱:681
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:5
情緒在人們日常生活中之訊息處理過程中扮演相當具有影響力的角色,它能夠直接被當做訊息之一而運用於認知歷程中來左右判斷結果,造成心情一致性的效果。而且個人特質如:性別或憂鬱狀態是決定個體運用外界訊息之策略的重要因素。本研究的目的是在於了解:1.情緒在訊息處理過程中所扮演的角色,2.男女對情緒性訊息處理策略上的差異,3.憂鬱傾向者在採用情緒性訊息上所呈現的特性。
本研究採用2*2*2*2(男女性別*憂鬱狀態*心情誘發*情緒感覺重要程度)受試者間四因子實驗設計。297名受試(男性152名與女性145名)依貝克憂鬱量表得分區分出受試者的憂鬱狀態,再根據憂鬱狀態與性別隨機分派受試到四種實驗情境之一(誘發正向\負向心情*情緒感覺不重要\情緒感覺重要)。之後,測量受試者的廣泛心情狀態與自我評量(如自我效能量表、自尊量表等)。
研究結果顯示,個人的情緒狀態會以訊息的角色對自我評價的判斷結果造成直接性之影響,即產生心情一致的效果,且男女性會在不同的情緒感覺重要程度之提示下,運用情緒性訊息來進行自我評估,如:女性會在注意自己情緒感覺時採用情緒性訊息,而男性則是在不特別去注意情緒的狀態下採用情緒訊息。此外,男性憂鬱傾向者有運用多種情緒性訊息的能力,即在受到提示的情況下能對正、負向的情緒訊息進行運用或排除;但是女性憂鬱傾向者似乎會將原本憂鬱狀態的心情一併加以運用於判斷中,而無顯示出對正向情緒性訊息之運用。
Mood has powerful effects on human behaviors--it is used by people as direct affective information in formulating evaluative judgement, effecting mood effects. Besides, person characteristics, such as gender and depressive state, are important determinants of information utilization strategies. This study investigated (1) how people make use of affect information (2) how males and females differ in affective information utilization strategies (3) how depressive state changes affective information utilization.
A 2*2*2*2 (gender * levels of depression * mood induction * instructional set) between-subject factorial design was employed. First, 297 subjects (include 152 males and 145 females) were divided into two groups according to their depression score, and later Ss were randomly assigned to one of the four experiment conditions: positive or negative mood was induced in Ss; they were also informed that their induced mood was either meaningful and important, or unimportant and inconsequential. Then, Ss filled out scales on globe moods, globe self-esteem, general self-efficacy, and specific self-evaluation scales.
The results showed that people utilized their emotional reactions as direct affective information via a controlled inference strategy. Males and females incorporated affective information in self-evaluations under different instructions regarding feelings. Non-depressed females utilized current affective information, when alerted to pay attention to feelings, whereas, non-depressed males utilized current affective information, when their attention was cued away from feelings. With respective to depressed group, males with higher level of depression were able to make use of various kinds of affective information. They might not spontaneously make extra efforts to minimize the effects of emotions on themselves, but with prompting, they were able to utilize affective information in or exclude affective information from self-evaluations. However, depressed females appeared unable to exclude original negative information of a depressive state as well as unable to utilize positive affective information in self-evaluations.
目 錄
第一章 緒 論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 名詞界定 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 情緒的概念介紹 4
第二節 情緒性訊息的運用 11
第三節 憂鬱狀態對訊息處理的影響 18
第四節 心情狀態在自我評價上的效果 24
第三章 研究研究問題與假設 28
第一節 研究假設與架構 28
第四章 研究方法 30
第一節 研究設計 30
第二節 研究樣本 31
第三節 研究步驟 32
第四節 研究工具 35
第五章 研究結果 38
第一節 實驗操弄前之資料分析 38
第二節 實驗操弄之資料分析 41
第六章 討論與結論 56
第一節 討論 56
第二節 研究限制與未來方向 62
參考書目 64
附錄一 共變數變異數分析摘要表 73
附錄二 實驗操弄前各組之平均數與標準差 77
附錄三 實驗操弄後各組之平均數與標準差 80
附錄四 正式施測使用之問卷 83
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