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研究生:廖培欣
研究生(外文):Pei-Hsin Liao
論文名稱:二氧化碳液體在海洋中的溶解之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of the Dissolution of CO2-Liquid into the Ocean
指導教授:楊毓民楊毓民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-min Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:133
中文關鍵詞:溫室效應海洋儲置二氧化碳二氧化碳水合物溶解度溶解速率
外文關鍵詞:Greenhouse EffectOcean DisposalCarbon DioxideCO2 HydrateClathrateSolubilityDissolution Rate
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以海洋儲置二氧化碳是解決目前溫室效應問題的可能方法之一,因此,瞭解二氧化碳在高壓、低溫水(或海水)中的溶解行為是非常重要的事。
本文利用一套由黃東昇博士從美國Unocal石油公司帶回成功大學化工系之高壓相平衡實驗裝置,嘗試模擬深海條件,測定二氧化碳在水中的飽和溶解度。實驗結果與文獻數據比較,極為一致,顯示此套高壓相平衡裝置若經適度修飾,可望提供有關海洋儲置二氧化碳構想的進一步相關數據。
本文亦收集文獻上二氧化碳在高壓水中的溶解速率實驗數據,配合修正後之跨越二氧化碳與水界面上的質量傳送理論,可預測二氧化碳液滴在水中的溶解速率。此外,藉由文獻上二氧化碳水合物形成的動力學理論模式,可用來解釋在二氧化碳水合物形成的區域,溫度對溶解速率的影響。
本文的研究結果及所收集之相關文獻,將有助於今後繼續發展以海洋儲置二氧化碳解決溫室效應問題之研究工作。
At the present time, one of the methods to solve the greenhouse effect is to store the liquid CO2 in the deep ocean. Therefore a thorough understanding of phase behavior between CO2 and water (or seawater) at the deep sea conditions (high pressure and low temperature) should be helpful in evaluating the feasibility of storing CO2 in the ocean.
The laboratory of the Chemical Engineering Department of National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) has 2 sets of high pressure PVT equipment. At the persuasion of Dr. Edward T.S. Huang in 1995, Unocal Corporation of USA donated the equipment to NCKU. The equipment was designed for experiments at temperatures above the room temperature. In this study, the PVT equipment was utilized to measure the CO2 solubility in water above the room temperatures. The measured data showed a good agreement with those published in the literature. This indicates that with minor modifications to enable the equipment for operation at temperatures below room temperature, it can be utilized to measure the experimental data required for evaluation of the idea of deep-sea disposal of CO2.
A mechanism for the interfacial mass-transfer of carbon dioxide through liquid CO2-water is modified. This modified model assorts with literature data can reasonably predict dissolution rates of CO2 droplet in the water. And proving this model is suited to force convection in the CO2 hydrate formation region. Otherwise, it can be used to explain the relationship between dissolution rates and temperature by a kinetic model of hydrate formation of the literature.
The results of this research and the extensive collection of literature papers regarding this subject should be very helpful in the future research work on the deep-sea storage of CO2.
中文摘要Ⅰ
英文摘要Ⅱ
表目錄Ⅲ
圖目錄Ⅴ
符號說明Ⅷ
第一章 前言1
1.1研究動機1
1.2二氧化碳的儲置與隔離4
第二章 文獻回顧17
2.1二氧化碳在水(海水)的飽和溶解度17
2.2二氧化碳-水的擴散係數18
2.3水合物形成的機構19
2.4跨越二氧化碳/水界面的質量傳送24
2.4-1溶解速率的理論25
2.4-2溶解速率的實驗結果32
第三章 飽和溶解度的實驗測定48
3.1 P-V-T實驗裝置與操作原理48
3.2非水銀實驗裝置操作步驟54
3.2-1系統測漏與清洗54
3.2-2進料55
3.2-3流體的混合與氣/液平衡56
3.2-4飽和溶解度的測定58
第四章 溶解速率的理論修正69
第五章 文獻結果討論74
5.1飽和溶解度實驗結果與文獻數據的比較74
5.2由文獻中溶解速率得到相關經驗方程式的比較與討論77
5.3表面無水合物的二氧化碳液滴溶解速率理論與文獻實驗值的比較81
5.4溶解速率的理論修正與文獻中含流場的溶解速率實驗的比較84
5.5以水合物層的鬆散程度解釋溶解速率-溫度的關係89
第六章 結論與建議105
參考文獻109
附錄:115
附錄1.二氧化碳問題之相關參考文獻與書籍115
附錄1.1溫室效應之相關資料124
附錄1.2二氧化碳分離回收之相關資料124
附錄1.3二氧化碳在水中溶解度之相關資料125
附錄1.4地底儲存二氧化碳之相關資料127
附錄1.5水合物相關資料128
附錄1.6海底儲置二氧化碳之相關實驗128
附錄1.7海底儲置二氧化碳之相關理論分析130
附錄2.二氧化碳問題之常出現期刊132
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