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研究生:劉繼文
研究生(外文):Liu Chi Wen
論文名稱:臺灣南部地區低流量特性之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Low Flow Characteristics in Southern Taiwan
指導教授:游保杉游保杉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu Pao Shan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:水利及海洋工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:河海工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:流量延時曲線未量測集水區集群分析迴歸模型
外文關鍵詞:flow duration curveungauged catchmencluster analysisregression model
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本研究主要目的在於建立臺灣南部地區之區域低流量延時曲線,以推求任一未量測集水區合成流量延時曲線之低流量段。由於低流量與地下水地質特性存在有密切關係,因此先以兩階段集群分析與模糊聚類分析進行地質均一性之劃分,使均一區內具有相似之地質特性,然後針對每一個均一區發展區域低流量延時曲線。為提供爾後判斷未量測集水區究竟屬於那一個均一區,本文進一步發展各均一區之地質判別函數。在發展區域低流量延時曲線方面,本研究分別採用多變量迴歸與模糊迴歸建立百分比延時流量與地文因子之迴歸關係。經由臺灣南部地區33個水文站之分析結果顯示:本研究發展之區域低流量延時曲線能合理地應用於未量測集水區。
The primary purpose of this study is to develop the regional lower part of flow duration curves to synthesize the low flow characteristics in any ungauged catchments for southern Taiwan. Because of the close relationship between low flow and hydrogeological characteristics, the study first delimited the hydrogeological homogeneous regions by using two-step cluster analysis and the fuzzy cluster analysis. Each region is further discriminated by a equation based on hydrogeological condition, such that any catchment can be recognized which region it belongs to. The study further developed the regional lower part of flow duration curves in each homogenous region by using the multiple regression model and the fuzzy regression model. The discharge of various exceeded percentages can be related with geographic factors of catchments. Thirty-three stream-gauged stations in the southern Taiwan provided the data base in the study. The result reveals that the regional lower part of flow duration curves developed in this study could be reasonably applied in ungauged catchments.
第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究動機與目的1
1.2 文獻回顧2
1.3 本文組織與研究內容3
第二章 研究地區概況與基本資料之建立6
2.1 研究區域概況6
2.1.1 雨量空間特性6
2.1.2 流量特性6
2.1.3 水文站概況6
2.1.4 地下水與地質特性7
2.2 基本資料之建立10
2.2.1 地理資訊系統概念10
2.2.2 地下水地質圖之數化11
2.2.3 集水區地文因子的求取12
2.2.4 流量延時曲線之推求14
第三章 基本理論23
3.1 主成份分析23
3.1.1 主成份分析理論23
3.1.2 主成份選取26
3.2 兩階段集群分析27
3.3 判別分析29
3.4 模糊理論概述31
3.5 模糊聚類分析34
3.6 模糊線性回歸分析38
第四章 地質均一區之劃分45
4.1 變量的選取45
4.2 集群分析47
4.2.1 兩階段集群分析47
4.2.2 模糊聚類分析49
4.2.3 結果分析與討論50
4.3 判別分析51
4.4 結語51
第五章 區域低流量延時曲線63
5.1 變量之篩選63
5.2 區域低流量延時曲線64
5.2.1 多變量迴歸65
5.2.2 模糊迴歸66
5.2.3 結果分析與驗証68
5.3 結語69
第六章 結論與建議79
6.1 結論79
6.2 建議80
參考文獻81
自述86
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