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研究生:譚大純
研究生(外文):David D. C. Tarn
論文名稱:產業國際競爭力之衡量:以Porter鑽石模式為基礎之量表建構與跨國實證
論文名稱(外文):Measuring the Industry-specific International Competitiveness: Scale Constructions and Cross-national Surveys Basing on Porter''''s "Diamond"
指導教授:陳正男陳正男引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Cheng-Nan
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1998
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:179
中文關鍵詞:產業競爭力鑽石模式衡量後設分析國際競爭力歐洲
外文關鍵詞:Industrial CompetitivenessPorter''''s DiamondMeasurementMeta AnalysisInternational CompetitvenessEuropean Study
相關次數:
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有鑑於國際競爭力之重要,以及世界競爭力報導之缺漏,本論文嘗試依據Porter (1990)
之鑽石模式,為國際競爭力設立一套以產業為衡量單位之競爭力指標;此新工具應同時滿
足下列條件:1. 以產業,而非全國家,為衡量單位2. 設有效標驗證其解釋力3. 指標具
直接,而非間接之解釋力4. 以量身定製之初級資料來衡量5. 指標數目遠少於世界競爭力
報導6. 具有理論基礎來進行建構經過四次實證調查(含一次對駐歐廠商,以及對半導體產
業,生物科技業,及運動用品業)之實證研究,證實新量表具有極佳之解釋力.而MTMM(多
特質-多方法)之結果指出,新量表具有不錯的收斂效度,以及中度之鑑別效度.最後則
以後設分析(meta analysis)總合四項實證之結果.另外亦提出攸關實務及學術研究之建
議若干.
Basing on the growing role of international competitiveness (IC) and the short
comings of World Competitiveness Report (WCR), this dissertation builds a new
measurement tool, following Porter''''s "Diamond", to validly measure IC. This n
ewtool should match the following requirements:1. It measures IC by using "ind
ustry" as the unit, rather than by "whole nation." 2. The new tool could set a
ppropriate "criterions" to confirm the explanatory effects. 3. The items could
directly explain IC. 4. It is "tailor-made" for a particular industry. 5. Num
ber of the items should be less than that of WCR''''s. 6. It is constructed by ro
bust theoretical base. After four empirical surveys (including the surveys tow
ard semiconductor makers, biotech industry, and sports goods makers), the resu
lts indicates that the new tool has good empirical validity. The MTMM (multitr
ait-multimethod) results also points good convergent validity and fair discrim
inatevalidity of the new tool. Finally, this study also mentions some suggeti
ons toward practitioners and future researchers.
章節目錄
章節目錄i
圖目錄iv
表目錄v
中文摘要2
英文摘要5
第壹章 緒論8
第一節 研究動機與目的:國家與產業競爭力之衡量8
第二節 研究範圍9
第三節 研究流程與論文結構11
第貳章 文獻探討與雛型量表建構13
第一節 國家競爭力與產業競爭力13
第二節 「世界競爭力報導」回顧與文獻評述16
第三節 麥可波特的國家產業競爭優勢論29
第四節 雛型量表題項設計36
第參章 基模量表與研究假設發展40
第一節 雛型量表抽樣與問卷翻譯40
第二節 雛型量表效標之選擇41
第三節 雛型量表之資料分析方法41
第四節 雛型量表實證結果42
第五節 基模量表與研究假設50
第肆章 代表性產業鑽石量表研究方法61
第一節 半導體產業鑽石量表研究方法61
第二節 生物科技產業鑽石量表研究方法66
第三節 運動用品產業鑽石量表研究方法74
第四節 代表性產業量表資料分析方法79
第伍章 半導體產業鑽石量表實證結果81
第一節 半導體業調查樣本結構81
第二節 收斂與鑑別效度分析81
第三節 半導體鑽石效標效度檢定84
第四節 半導體鑽石逐步迴歸分析87
第五節 半導體產業國際競爭優勢分析88
第陸章 生物科技產業鑽石量表實證結果90
第一節 生物科技產業樣本結構90
第二節 收斂與鑑別效度檢驗90
第三節 生物科技鑽石量表之效標效度檢定94
第四節 逐步迴歸分析96
第四節 生物科技產業國際競爭優勢分析97
第柒章 運動用品業鑽石量表實證結果100
第一節 運動用品產業樣本結構100
第二節 收斂與鑑別效度檢驗102
第三節 運動用品產業鑽石效標效度檢定103
第四節 逐步迴歸分析結果106
第五節 運動用品產業國際競爭優勢分析107
第捌章 鑽石量表實證結果之整合探討110
第一節 鑽石模式之後設分析110
第二節 後設分析結果與假設對照112
第三節 代表性產業競爭條件比較118
第四節 貢獻度-優劣勢矩陣分析119
第五節 代表性產業國際競爭力排名125
第玖章 結論﹑討論與建議128
第一節 研究發現與結論128
第二節 議題討論135
第三節 管理實務之建議140
第四節 未來研究方向142
參考文獻145
附錄一:半導體產業問卷157
附錄二:生物科技產業問卷165
附錄三:運動用品產業問卷172
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1. 77. 蘇遠志(民84),「八十四年度生物技術領域重要計劃成效研討會評述」,生物產業,Vol. 6 (3), pp. 183-191.
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3. 73. 蘇武華(民84),「如何提高企業與國家競爭力之研究」,今日經濟,Vol. 336, pp. 34-42。
4. 78. 蘇遠志(民84),「我國農業生物技術之發展與展望」,生物產業,Vol. 6(1),pp. 1-12.
5. 61. 詹志禹 (民77),「後設分析:量化的文獻探討法」,思與言,Vol. 26 (4), pp. 311-325.
6. 68. 劉泰英(民82),「如何加強台灣產業競爭力的政策問題」,理論與政策,Vol. 7(2), pp. 98-105。
7. 60. 鄒浮安(民83),「家庭社經地位與學業成就之關係:後設分析」,教育研究資訊,Vol. 3 (2), pp. 38-47.
8. 56. 黃星滿(民83),「產業技術水準與國際競爭力之相關性(上、下) 」,臺灣經濟,Vol. 210。
9. 47. 陳思慎(民83) ,「由出口競爭力變化看臺灣未來產業發展方向」,臺灣經濟研究月刊,Vol. 17 (7) ,pp. 65-70.
10. 50. 張天鴻,「拉近落後的步伐,談我國生物技術產業的發展趨勢」,臺灣經濟研究月刊,Vol. 12 (12), pp. 53-57。
11. 48. 陳超雄(民83) ,「美國與歐體的貿易關係與全球競爭力」,臺灣經濟金融月刊,Vol. 30 (7), pp. 56-64。
12. 41. 許俊傑、陳慧霞、藍守仁(民84) ,「統合分析得概念與方法」,公共衛生,Vol. 22 (1), pp. 41-49。
13. 76. 蘇遠志(民82b),「我國生物技術產業之發展策略(下) 」,生物產業,Vol. 4(3, 4), pp. 131-141.
14. 40. 許玉環 (民85) ,「對外投資對臺灣產業競爭力影響之探討」,臺灣經濟研究月刊,Vol. 19 (9), pp. 39-44。
15. 36. 孫克難(民85),「政府財政、賦稅革新與國家競爭力」,經濟前瞻,Vol. 11(5), pp. 110-117。
 
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