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研究生:鍾欣素
研究生(外文):Chung Hsin Su
論文名稱:不同作業負荷的勞工能量消耗
論文名稱(外文):Energy Expenditure of Different Lobar Workloads
指導教授:衛沛文衛沛文引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育學院
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:ISO估計值Cortex MetaMAX
外文關鍵詞:ISO's estimationsCortex MetaMax
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摘要
ISO (International Standards Organization) 建議將作業活動分解為不同的作業單元後,再利用因數法計算出作業能量消耗的估計值。此方法的最大好處是使用方便和快捷,唯其準確度和是否適合國人使用仍有待解決。本研究的目的是以本土勞工為受試者,測量其從事不同作業單元時的能量消耗,並與ISO的估計值比較。能量消耗是使用攜帶式Cortex MetaMax攝氧量計或Douglas袋技術測量,共測量17項單元,65個受試者,144個測量數,各項8-10人不等。結果顯示其中5項的ISO估計值與測量值有顯著 (p <.05) 差異,但偏差皆不超過30﹪,而大部分偏差在20﹪以內,顯示ISO的活動單元估計值具有實際應用上的價值。其中數個項目因種族、機械效率、使用公式之偏差等因素而應進一步探討以作適當之估計修正。

Abstract
ISO (International Standards Organization) proposes that energy expenditure (EE) of a work activity can be estimated by utilizing factorial method after breaking it down into different work elements. This method is fast and convenient, however, its accuracy and appropriateness for our use have not been determined. The purpose of this study was to use our workers as subjects to measure the EE of various work elements, and compare the results with the ISO's estimations. EE was measured by using either a portable calorimeter (Cortex MetaMax) or Douglas bag technique. There were17 items, 65 subjects, 144 measurements, and 8-10 subjects in each item. Results showed that there were significant (p<.05) differences between the estimated values and the measured values in 5 items, however, all deviations did not exceed 30﹪, and most of the differences were within 20﹪ of the measured values, indicating that ISO's method provide a practical way to estimate EE of work. There is a few items which due to differences in race, mechanical efficiency, and the adequacy of the prediction equation, requires further studying for more suitable EE estimation equations.

目 次
壹、緒論
一、研究動機……………………………………………………….1
二、研究目的………………………………………………………2
三、研究範圍和限制………………………………………………2
四、研究假設……………………………………………………….3
五、研究假定……………………………………………………….3
六、名詞解釋……………………………………………………...4
貳、文獻探討
一、能量消耗的測量方法………………………………………..5
二、能量消耗之相關研究………………………………………..6
三、不同工作負荷能量消耗之研究………………………………11
四、結語…………………………………………………..……….15
參、材料與方法
一、研究對象……………………………………………………16
二、研究步驟………………………………………………………16
三、測量方法………………………………………………………18
四、不同作業單元的能量消耗測量……………………………..20
五、儀器校正………………………………………………………22
六、使用器材與設備………………………………………………26
七、資料處理………………………………………………………26
肆、結果與討論
一、受試者特徵………………………………………………….27
二、不同作業速度的能量消耗…………………………………..27
伍、結論和建議
一、結論和建議…………………………………………………..34

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