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研究生:賴宏吉
研究生(外文):Horng-Chi Lai
論文名稱:基於最大可能性序列估計等化器應用於GSM系統之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Maximum Likelihood Sequence Estimation Equalizer for GSM
指導教授:黃家齊黃家齊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia-Chi Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電信工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:46
中文關鍵詞:GSM等化器通道解碼器碼際干擾多重路徑延遲最大相似度序列估計決策迴授等化器
外文關鍵詞:GSMEqualizerchannel decoderInter Symbol Interferencemultipath delaymaximum likelihood sequence estimationdecision feedback equalizer
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在GSM接收機中有三個重要的元件:RF/IF訊號處理器,等化器(Equalizer)以及通道解碼器(channel decoder)。這一篇論文主要研究的是GSM接收機所用的等化器(Equalizer)部分。
在發射機基頻調變的部分是採用一種簡化的GMSK調變器架構,此架構利用查表方式來產生GMSK的基頻調變訊號。在接收機的部分,由於調變訊號在經過通道時,會受到多重路徑的干擾,造成在接收端接收到的訊號會受到碼際干擾(Inter Symbol Interference),產生解調上的困難,因此在接收機就需要利用等化器來消除碼際干擾。
GSM系統規定等化器必須能夠等化16ms的多重路徑延遲(multipath delay); 一般使用於GSM系統的等化器可分為兩類:最大相似度序列估計(maximum likelihood sequence estimation)等化器及決策迴授等化器(decision feedback equalizer)。在這篇論文中主要研究的是兩種最大相似度序列估計等化器,分別是Forney與Ungerboeck提出的MLSE架構,並比較他們之間的異同。論文的最後,再把整個GSM傳輸系統在不同的靜態與動態的通道情形下做電腦模擬。

There are three key elements in a GSM receiver: RF/IF signal processing, the equalizer and the channel decoder. In this thesis, we focus on the study of equalizers used in the receiver.
In the digital baseband Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying(GMSK) modulator, a new architecture of ROM table lookup is described. At the receiver, we need an equalizer to eliminate the inter-symbol interference(ISI) caused by the channel time dispersion due mainly to multipath propagation.
The GSM specifications require a channel equalizer capable of handling multipath delay interval up to 16ms. Two different approaches are usually considered: an equalizer based on the maximum likelihood sequence estimation(MLSE) and a decision feedback equalizer(DFE). The purpose of this thesis is to compare two types of equalizers, both of which are based on the Viterbi Algorithm, proposed by Forney and Ungerboeck separately. Finally, computer simulation is used to characterize the performance of Ungerboeck's structure under a range of static and dynamic channel conditions.

第一章 緒論1
1.1 GSM系統簡介1
1.2 GSM系統方塊圖說明2
1.3 各章節安排說明2
第二章 GSM發射機的設計4
2.1 MSK調變器原理4
2.2 GMSK調變器方塊圖及原理5
2.3 GMSK調變器之簡化設計7
第三章 GSM接收機的設計13
3.1 GSM接收機方塊圖13
3.2 低通濾波器與時脈與相位回復13
3.3 通道響應估計原理13
3.4 GSM接收機之等化器介紹16
3.4.1 符碼接符碼等化器16
3.4.2 序列估計等化器17
3.5 解調17
第四章 等化器原理19
4.1 MLSE等化器原理(基於Forney的接收機)19
4.1.1系統模型19
4.1.2 Forney的接收機架構20
4.1.3 最大可能性序列估計26
4.2 MLSE等化器原理(基於Ungerboeck的接收機)30
4.2.1系統模型30
4.2.2 Ungerboeck的接收機架構30
4.3兩種等化器的比較36
第五章 系統模擬結果41
5.1靜態雙路徑通道41
5.2瑞雷衰褪雙路徑模型42
參考文獻 46

[1] G. D. Forney, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation of digital
sequences in the presence of intersymbol interference," IEEE Trans.
Inform. Theory, vol. IT-18, pp. 363-378, May 1972.
[2] G. Ungerboeck, " Adaptive maximum likelihood receiver for carrier
modulated data transmission systems," IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.
COM-22, pp. 624-635, May 1974.
[3] G. E. Bottomley and S. Chennakeshu, "Unification of MLSE
Receivers and Extension to Time-Varying Channels," IEEE Trans.
Commun., vol. 46, NO. 4, April 1998.
[4] G. D'Aria, F. Muratore and V. Palestini, "Simulation and
Performance of the Pan-European Land Mobile Radio System,"
IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 41, NO. 2, May 1992.
[5] G. D'Aria, R. Piermarini and V.Zingarelli, "Fast Adaptive Equalizers
for Narrow-Band TDMA Mobile Radio," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol.,
vol. 40, NO. 2, May 1991.
[6] D. A. Johnson, S. W. Wales and P. H. Waters, "Equalizers For
GSM,"
[7] L. B. Lopes, "Performance of Viterbi Equalisers for the GSM
System,"
[8] R. D'Avella, L. Moreno and M. Sant'Agostino, "An Adaptive MLSE
Receiver for TDMA Digital Mobile Radio," IEEE J. Select. Areas
Commun., vol. SAC-5, pp. 238-247, Feb. 1987.
[9] M. Rahnema, "Channel Equalization for the GSM System,"
[10] Qureshi, S.U.H., "Adaptive Equalization.," Proc. IEEE, vol. 73, NO.
9, pp. 1349-1387, Sep. 1985

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