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研究生:潘明宏
研究生(外文):Ming-Horng Pan
論文名稱:台灣電業再造後獨立電力調度者(ISO)之設計研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on the Design of Independent System Operator-After the Restructuring of Taiwan Electricity Industry
指導教授:張保隆張保隆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pao-Long Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:經營管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:99
中文關鍵詞:獨立電力調度者
外文關鍵詞:Independent System Operator
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由於電力與資訊科技之進步,以及公用事業自由化與民營化之潮流,促使電力產業的結構重整。政府為求解決供電不足,已開放民間參與發電業經營,因此未來台灣電力事業勢必面臨重大變革。獨立電力調度者之組織與功能設計,對未來電力市場之運作模式有關鍵性影響。因此本研究希望透過相關理論知識,設計符合台灣電業環境需求之獨立電力調度者,以提供我國電業發展與轉型之參考。
本論文之主要內容包括:
1. 蒐集國外有關獨立電力調度者的設計理論、架構,與運轉經驗。
2. 分析台灣現有電力系統之環境特性,就經濟、管制、科技等主要層面探討其發展趨勢,以確認與獨立電力調度者設計有關之因素。
3. 分別從結構、人員、技術三方面探討如何建構獨立電力調度者之組織模型,以及相關配套措施。
The structure of electricity industry reorganized due to the progress of power and information technology, and the trend for liberization and privatization of public utility. For solving the shortage of electricity, government has opened generation market, so the structure of Taiwan power industry will face great change in the future. How the Independent System Operator organized and related functional design has great impact on the operation of power market. Therefore, this research aims to imitate a proper Independent System Operator under the condition of Taiwan power environment, through the efforts of gathering, analyzing on relevant studies, papers, information and cases.
This paper contains information of three categories:
1. Operation experience, architecture, and theories of Independent System Operator in foreign electricity industry.
2. Data/characteristics/trend oriented to domestic power system environment from phases of economy, regulation, and technology.
3. Exploring how to construct the organization model of Independent System Operator from phases of structure, staff, technology, and corresponding condition for implementation.
目 錄
頁次
第一章緒論………………………………………………………..1
1-1 研究背景與動機……………………………………..………1
1-2 研究目的……………………………………………….…….2
1-3 研究方法…………………………………………..…………3
1-4 研究步驟……………………………………………………..4
第二章文獻探討…………………………………………………..6
2-1 電業解制與再造………………………….………………….6
2-2 電力聯營制度………………………………………………..7
2-3 獨立電力調度者..…………………………………………..8
2-4 台電公司電力調度系統現況……………………………….14
2-5 相關組織設計理論………………………………………….16
2-6 小結………………………………………………………….18
第三章界定獨立電力調度者之操作環境………..…………….22
3-1 概述………………………………………………………….22
3-2 電力調度之定位……………………..…………………….22
3-2-1 電力產業結構分析…………………………………….22
3-2-2 界定電力調度之角色………………………………….23
3-3 電力市場環境分析………………..……………………….32
3-3-1 經濟層面……………………………………………….35
3-3-2 管制層面……………………………………………….42
3-3-3 科技層面……………………………………………….47
3-4 小結………………………………..……………………….52
第四章建構獨立電力調度者之組織模型………....………….54
4-1 概述………………………………………………………….54
4-2 結構面……………………………………………………...55
4-2-1 經濟功能……………………………………………….56
4-2-2 管制功能……………………………………………….59
4-2-3 組成方式……………………………………………….65
4-3 人員面………………………………………….……………66
4-4 技術面……………………………………………………….68
頁次
第五章討論……………………………………………………….73
5-1 獨立電力調度者運作成功之要件………..……………….73
5-2 影響獨立電力調度者成功運作因素之分析…………..….75
5-2-1 管制環境…………………………………..………….75
5-2-2 效率價格之形成………………………………….…..81
5-2-3 小結…………………………………………………….85
5-3 情境策略分析………………………………………………..85
第六章結論與建議……………………………………………….91
6-1 結論………………………………………………………….91
6-2 建議………………………………………………………….93
參考文獻………………………………………………………….95
1. 英文部份
(1) Atle Midttum “European Electricity System in Transition”, Elsevier,1996
(2) William W,. Hogan “Independent System Operator: Pricing and Flexibility in A Competitive Electricity Market”, Harvard Electricity Policy Group, Feb. 1998
(3) Wallace Edward Brand” FERC’s Plan for Electric Competition”, July, 1998
(4) Kenneth W. Costello” Fair Competition in Retail Electricity Markets”, June, 1998
(5) Peter Fox-Penner” Transco vs. ISO: A Sideshow?”, Public Utilities Fortnightly, June 1998
(6) William W. Hogan, Carrie Cullen Hitt, Janelle Schmidt “Governance Structures for An Independent System Operator(ISO)”, Harvard Electricity Policy Group, June 6,1996
(7) William W. Hogan “The visible Hand in Electricity: Using A Pool to Expand Customer Choice or The ISO:’ How Not to Get It Wrong’”, Restructuring ’97 Conference, April 3-4,1997
(8) Karl Stahlkopf and Philip R. Sharp “Reliability in Power Delivery”, Public Utilities Fortnightly, Jan. 15, 1998
(9) Reinier Lock “Power Pools & ISOs, Monitoring Market Power in a Restructured Industry”, Public Utilities Fortnightly, Mar. 15, 1998
(10) “ISOs: A Grid-by-Frid Comparision”, Public Utilities Fortnightly, Jan. 1, 1998
(11) Phillip S. Cross “PUCs in 1997, Managing the Competition?”, Public Utilities Fortnightly, Jan. 1, 1998
(12) Richard J. Pierce, Jr. “FERC Must Adopt an Efficient Transmission Pricing System-Now”, The Electricity Journal, Oct. 1997.
(13) William W. Hogan “ISO Developments in the United States”, Power Economics, June 1998
(14) William W. Hogan “FERC Policy on Independent System Operators: Supplemental Comments”, FERC Docket No. PL98-5-000, May 1,1998
(15) Jeremiah D. Lambert “ ISOs as Market Regulators”, Public Utilities Fortnightly, April 15, 1998
(16) Peter Navarro “Electric Utilities: The Argument for Radical Deregulation”, HBR, Jan-Feb 1996
(17) Jay R. Galbraith “Organization Design”,1977
(18) Henry Mintzberg “The Structuring of Organizations”,1979
(19) William H. Toliver“ Contingency Organization Design:What It Is and How It Works” ,Research Management, Sep. 1979
(20) Scott M. Harvey, William W. Hogan, Susan L. Pope “Transmission Capacity Reservations and Transmission Congestion Contracts”,June,1996
(21) William W. Hogan “Transmission Investment and Competitive Electricity Market”,April,1998
(22) Michael D. Cadwalader, Scott M. Harvey, Susan L. Pope, William W. Hogan “Reliability, Scheduling Markets, and Electricity Pricing”,May,1998
(23) Ronald J. Binz, Mark W. Frankena “Addressing Market Power: The Next Step in Electric Restructuring”, a policy paper of the Competition Policy Institute, 1998
(24) Jurewitz, J. L. and R. J. Walther “Must-Run Generation: Can We Mix Regulation and Competition Successfully” Electricity Journal, Dec. 1997
(25) Steven Pickle, Chris Marnay, Frank Olken” Informatics Requirements for a Restructured Competitive Electric Power Industry” Workshop summary and proceedings, UC. Berkeley, 1996
(26) William W. Hogan” Restructuring the Electricity Market: Institution for Network Systems” April, 1999
(27) Frank A. Wolak” Designing Market Rules for a Competitive Electricity Market” May, 1997
(28) William W. Hogan” Retail Access is Easy, It’s Getting Wholesale Access that is Hard”, Nov. 1996
(29) “Navigating a Course to Competition: a Consumer Perspective on Electric Restructuring” a policy paper of the Competition Policy Institute, April 1997
(30) Severin Borenstein, James Bushnell, and Christopher R. Knittel” Market Power in Electricity Markets: Beyond Concentration Measures”, July 1998
(31) Eric Hirst and Brendan Kirby” The Functions, Metrics, Costs, and Prices for Three Ancillary Services”, October 1998
(32) Farrokh A. Rahimi, Ali Vojdani” Meet the Emerging Transmission Market Segments”, IEEE Computer Applications in Power, Jan. 1999
(33) Reineir Lock” Surveillance of Competitive Electricity Markets: A New Paradigm in Antitrust Regulation?”, The Electricity Journal, March 1998
(34) Lori A. Burkhart” Transmission and ISOs: Not Enough Freedom?”, Public Utilities Fortnightly, May 1998
(35) Dariush Shirmohammadi etc.” Transmission Dispatch and Congestion Management in the Emerging Energy Market Structure”, IEEE Transactions on Power systems, Nov. 1998
(36) Peter M. VanDoren” The Deregulation of the Electricity Industry: A Primer”, Oct. 1998
2.中文部份
(37) 張清溪等四人,經濟學理論與實際第二版,民國八十年
(38) 陳祈萬,台灣電力事業開放競爭後建構代輸機制之探討,交通大學管理科學研究所碩士論文,民國八十六年
(39) 許志義,電力科技進展下電業管制改革之研究,中華經濟研究院,民國八十五年十二月
(40) 吳再益,電廠開放民間興建對台電公司營運影響之研究,台灣綜合研究院,民國八十五年五月
(41) 呂清淵,發電業自由化電源調度之研究,交通大學管理科學研究所碩士論文,民國八十五年
(42) 許志義,公用事業管制之經濟分析,中華經濟研究院,民國八十三年
(43) 于爾堅等三人,電力市場,中國電力出版社,1998年
(44) 李清榮,電業自由化下之電力市場競爭發展趨勢,能源季刊,第二十八卷第二期,民國八十七年四月
(45) 張標盛,台電電力系統之運轉,台電工程月刊,第573期,民國八十五年五月
(46) 蕭一龍,台電電力調度控制自動化,台電工程月刊,第573期,民國八十五年五月
(47) 許志義,電力經濟學:理論與應用,華泰書局,民國七十九年
(48) 王鐘雄,環境變遷與組織變革關係之研究:以基隆港務局為例,海洋大學航運管理研究所碩士論文,民國八十六年
(49) 余長河,美國加州電業自由化之發展趨勢,能源季刊第二十八卷第一期,民國八十七年一月
(50) 梁志堅,電力自由化之調度控制,電工通訊,民國八十七年八月
(51) 台電公司未來十年經營策略,台電公司,民國八十七年六月
(52) 劉運鴻,英國電力池制度應用於台灣之探討,台電工程月刊第602期,民國八十七年十月
(53) 我國電業自由化方案,經濟部能源委員會,民國八十八年三月
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