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研究生:王世松
研究生(外文):Charles Wang
論文名稱:以修正雙界法構建晶圓製造廠投料及派工法則
論文名稱(外文):The Construction of Modified TB Method for the Releasing and Dispatching Rule of Wafer Fabrication
指導教授:沙永傑沙永傑引用關係姜齊姜齊引用關係
指導教授(外文):D.Y. ShaC.Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:經營管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:晶圓製造雙界法看板系統投料法則派工法則
外文關鍵詞:wafer fabricationTB methodreleasing ruledispatching rule
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半導體晶圓製造是目前國內具競爭力的產業之一,但因其製程複雜,以致造成其在生產管理上的困難,因此有必要針對晶圓製造廠的特性發展一套良好的投料及派工法則。而當景氣不佳時,能適時地滿足客戶交期便成為企業的一項競爭優勢,因此本研究之首要目標在於充分降低交期延誤,在此目標之下,進一步充分利用限制資源的產能、降低現場在製品數量及平均生產週期時間。
由於投料法則相對於派工法則在生產績效上影響較大,因此為了避免不必要的投料動作,吾人採取更嚴謹的投料法則,亦即在投料法則上,吾人結合了雙界法(TB)及提拉式生產控制系統的投料理念為本研究的投料法則,亦即利用看板系統、限制資源(CCR)在第一個層級的計劃產出量及計劃在製品量兩項參數,來共同控制系統的投料動作。
在派工法則方面,吾人以雙界法(TB)的派工理念為基礎,並依據工作站是否為限制資源(CCR)而有不同的派工模式,此外,派工模式中並考量了訂單權重、各層級之在製品量是否達到均勻化等因素。
經由實例驗證,本模式不僅在降低交期延誤上有良好的表現外,另在產出量、平均生產週期時間、平均等候時間與平均在製品數量等方面,亦有良好的績效表現。
Wafer Fabrication is a highly competitive industry today. Its manufacturing process is so complex to manage. Knowing how to develop a good releasing and dispatching rule according to the production characteristic is one of most valuable know-how of a wafer fabrication factory. Being able to meet the customer''s delivery is an important competitive advantage to compete in the industry. Therefore, the main goal of this thesis is to develop a new model of production which will enable IC makers to reduce the delay about the customer''s delivery date, increase utilization of capacity with constraint resources, and lower down the wip level in the shop floor and the flow time of production.
Because the releasing rule have more influence on the performance of production than that of dispatching rule, the thesis takes a more strict releasing rule to avoid unnecessary material release. The thesis combines the releasing idea of TB method and Pull-based production control system to construct a releasing rule. It means to control the release operation by Kaban-System and two parameters, planned throughput and wip on the first layer of the constraint capacity resource.
Concerning dispatching rule, the thesis develops a dispatching rule on the base of the dispatching idea of TB method. A different dispatching model can be generated according as the workstation is a constraint resource or not. The thesis also considers some other factors, such as, the weight of the orders, and the balancing of the wip level on every layer of the constraint resource.
The findings of this research show that the new model has excellent performance on production, i.e., reducing the delay about the customer''s delivery date, increasing throughput, reducing flow time of production, lowering queuing time and the wip level.
第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究背景與動機1
1.2 研究目的2
1.3 研究範圍與限制2
1.4 研究方法3
第二章 文獻探討6
2.1 晶圓製造系統之產品特性及生管特性探討6
2.2 生產作業控制系統8
2.3 晶圓製造廠投料法則暨派工法則探討13
2.3.1 投料法則探討14
2.3.2 派工法則探討22
第三章 生產作業控制系統構建27
3.1 問題描述27
3.2 生產作業控制系統基本模型之設計27
3.2.1 投料法則的選取27
3.2.2 派工法則的選取29
3.3 模型之基本假設29
3.4 控制參數之構建30
3.4.1 計劃在製品量(wip門檻值)參數之求算30
3.4.2 累積計劃產出量(surplus門檻值)參數之求算33
3.5 投料模式之構建36
3.6 派工模式之構建42
3.6.1 限制資源之派工法則42
3.6.2 非限制資源之派工法則47
第四章 實例驗證48
4.1 基本模擬環境與資料輸入48
4.2 各項門檻值與參數值的求算49
4.3 模擬實驗說明50
4.4 模擬結果與分析50
第五章 結論與未來研究方向60
5.1 結論60
5.2 未來研究方向62
參考文獻63
附錄67
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