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研究生:陳慕斯
研究生(外文):Chen Mu-Szu
論文名稱:窗型冷氣機季節性能源效率比值之測試與分析
論文名稱(外文):Test and Analysis of Room Air Conditioners on Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio
指導教授:楊文美
指導教授(外文):Yang Wen-Mei
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:機械工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:能源效率比值循環率開啟時間比平均外氣溫度季節性能源效率比值
外文關鍵詞:EERCycling RateFaction On-timeAverage outdoor temperatureSEER
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本文以實驗方法探討窗型冷氣機之季節性能源效率比值(Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio,SEER)。實驗在環境控制室中進行,並以二台冷氣能力不同之窗型冷氣機為測試對象。在實驗方法上,室內及室外側可改變環控室之溫度及相對濕度;運轉狀況可改變循環率及開啟時間比,探討不同條件對EER及SEER的影響。
實驗結果發現,EER隨室外溫度變化最為顯著,室外溫度越低,系統之EER值越高;在高循環率及低開啟時間比時,系統的冷凍能力損失最大;當開啟時間比為0.5時,效率低落最小,系統有最佳之SEER值;平均外氣溫度較低的地區,該區之SEER值較佳;平均外氣溫度越低的方案,其SEER值越高;由實際實驗所得之SEER較美、日簡易計算法所得之SEER高。

When outdoor temperature is increase,EER is decrease;When indoor temperature is increase,EER is increase;When outdoor relative humidity is increase,EER is decrease.
In higher cycling rate or lower fraction on time,the system has more capacity losses.Fraction on-time at 0.5,the coefficient of degradation is smallest,SEER is the best.When the location average outdoor temperature is lower,SEER is higher.

第一章 緒 論
1.1文獻回顧
1.2研究目的
第二章 SEER的定義和運算方法
2.1SEER的定義
2.2SEER的運算方法
2.2.1 冷房期間之計算
2.2.2 平均外氣溫度的計算方式
2.2.3 冷房期間各外氣溫度區分帶之發生時間
2.2.4 台灣地區窗型冷氣機SEER試驗條件
2.2.5SEER的運算公式
第三章 實驗系統與方法
3.1 實驗系統
3.1.1 環境控制實驗室
3.1.2 風量量測用風洞設備
3.1.3 測試用冷氣機
3.1.4 量測元件
3.1.5 資料蒐集系統
3.2 實驗方法
3.3 實驗數據分析
3.3.1 實驗結果計算
3.3.2 實驗不準度分析
第四章 實驗結果與討論
4.1EER
4.2循環率與開啟時間比
4.3SEER
第五章 結 論

1.ANSI/ASHRAE. 1978 "Methods of testing for rating unitary air conditioning and heat pump equipment." Standard 37-1978.
2.ANSI/ASHRAE. 1983 "Methods of testing for seasonal efficiency of unitary air-conditioners and heat pumps." Standard 116-1983.
3.ARI. 1984 "Standard for unitary air-conditioning and air-source heat pump equipment." Standard 210/240.
4.JIS. 1984 "パッケージェアコンディショナ試驗方法" B8615
5.Murphy, W. and Goldschmidt, V. 1979 "The degradation coefficient of a field-tested self-contained 3-ton air conditioner." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 85, Part 2, pp. 396-405.
6.Goldschmidt, V. and Hart, G. 1980 "A note on the transient performance and degradation coefficient of a field tested heat pump-cooling and heating mode." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 86, Part 2, pp. 368-375.
7.Goldschmidt, V. 1981 "Effects of cyclic response of residential air conditioners on seasonal performance." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 87, Part 2, pp. 757-769.
8.Botkin, H. and Dabiri, A. 1983 "Heat pump performance parametric studies using seasonal performance model." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 89, Part 1B, pp. 548-556.
9.Bittle, B. and Goldschmidt, V. 1983 "Effect of cycling and frost formation on heat pump performance-implications of cyclic test data. " ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 89, Part 2B, pp. 743-751.
10.Murphy, W. and Goldschmidt, V. 1984 "Transient response of air conditioners-a qualitative interpretation through a sample case. " ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 90, Part 1B, pp. 997-1008.
11.Bittle, B. and Goldschmidt, V. 1985 "Effect of indoor air temperature and humidity on the performance of a heat pump." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 91, Part 1A, pp. 46-62.
12.Bittle, B. and Goldschmidt, V. 1985 "Trends of residential heat pump cyclic tests." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 91, Part 1A, pp. 64-79.
13.Murphy, W. and Goldschmidt, V. 1985 "Cyclic characteristics of a typical residential air conditioner-modeling of start-up transients. " ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 91, Part 2A, pp. 427-444.
14.Miller, W. 1985 "The laboratory evaluation of the heating mode part-load operation of an air-to-air heat pump." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 91, Part 2B, pp.524-536.
15.Hori, M. and Akamine, I. 1985 "Seasonal efficiencies of residential heat pump air conditioners with inverter-driven compressors. " ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 91, Part 2B, pp. 1585-1595.
16.Murphy, W. and Goldschmidt, V. 1986 "Cycling characteristics of a residential air conditioner-modeling of shutdown transients. " ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 92, Part 1A, pp. 186-202.
17.O'Neal, D. and Katipamula, S. 1991 "Performance degradation during on-off cycling of single-speed air conditioners and heat pumps:model development and analysis." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 97, Part 2, pp. 316-323.
18.O'Neal, D. and Katipamula, S. 1991 "Performance degradation during on-off cycling of single-speed heat pumps operating in the cooling mode:experimental results." ASHRAE Transaction, Vol. 97, Part 2, pp. 331-339.
19.O'Neal, D. and Katipamula, S. 1992 "A part load factor for a heat pump derived from laboratory." Energy and Buildings, 19, pp. 125-132.
20.鄭榮軍, "冷氣機季節性能源效率比值之實驗與分析." 國立交通大學機械工程研究所,民國八十七年七 月.

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