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研究生:廖溪
研究生(外文):Liaw Shi Kuen
論文名稱:材料對石膠泥瀝青混凝土成效特性影響之研究
指導教授:林志棟林志棟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lin Jyh Dong
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:土木工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:192
中文關鍵詞:石膠泥瀝青混凝土成效離心式碎石
外文關鍵詞:Stone Mastic Asphaltperformancecentrifugal aggregate
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石膠泥瀝青混凝土(Stone Mastic Asphalt),簡稱SMA,主要是用以降低傳統密級配表層鋪面因承受高交通量所產生之車轍變形。許多研究結果均顯示SMA確能有效改善傳統密級配瀝青混凝土抵抗永久變形的能力,然除了生產及施工方面嚴格的品質控制外,材料的特性即成為影響SMA路面成敗的主要因素。對於國內高交通量道路日益嚴重的破壞問題,SMA不失為一可行的改善途徑。本研究即從材料的角度著眼,於瀝青膠泥、粒料級配、纖維等主要材料上進行不同的配置,藉由實驗室各項成效試驗的模擬及評估,探討材料對SMA成效特性的影響。
經各項成效試驗的綜合評估,在瀝青膠泥方面,使用黏滯度及韌性較高的瀝青,對於SMA在高溫下的成效確有明顯效果;在粒料方面,使用形狀近似圓形的離心式碎石作為SMA的骨材,亦較使用扁平率偏高的傳統碎石有較好的成效;而在纖維方面,添加纖維對於SMA的力學性質僅有少許提升,其主要作用在增加油膜厚度,提高SMA的耐久性,至於添加木纖或礦纖則無明顯差別。此外,在抗剝能力方面,若使用AC-20瀝青則以配合添加石灰作為防剝劑為佳,若使用改質瀝青,則由於其本身的黏結能力較高,可考慮不需添加防剝劑。若材料使用得宜,再配合適當的鋪築技術及嚴密的施工品質管制,則對於高交通量道路的破壞問題,應可有效地加以改善。
Stone Mastic Asphalt(SMA)is mainly used to reduce the amount of rutting occurs in the upper pavement layer of conventional dense-graded AC mixtures under heavy traffic.Many research results have shown that SMA certainly enhance the ability of conventional dense-graded AC mixtures to resist permanent deformation effectively, besides strict quality control of production and construction, property of material is the main factor that influence the performacce of SMA pavement. SMA is a feasible way to improve the problem of damage on pavement under heavy traffic in Taiwan. This study disposes different materials including asphalt, aggregate and fiber. By performing tests in laboratory, we research the influence of materials to SMA''s performance.
After analyzing the results of performing tests, it shows that using modified asphalt cement with higher viscosity and toughness can improve the performance in high temperature effectively; using centrifugal aggregate (round in shape) also shows better performance than using traditional one with higher flat and elongated rate. Adding fiber can also enhance mechanical properties of SMA a little; it mainly uses to enhance the durability of SMA, and using cellulose or mineral fiber has near results. Besides, for stripping of SMA, adding anti-stripping agent (lime) is better if using AC-20. It''s not necessary to add anti-stripping agent if using modified asphalt cement because of its higher viscosity. Properly materials, appropriate construction skills and strict quality control should improve the problems of damage on pavement under heavy traffic effectively.
第一章 緒 論1
1.1 前言1
1.2 研究目的1
1.3 研究範圍2
1.4 預期研究成果2
第二章 文獻回顧3
2.1 改質瀝青3
2.1.1 改質瀝青之特性3
2.1.2 改質瀝青之分類與性質4
2.2 粒料性質8
2.2.1 粒料來源及性質8
2.2.2 粒料級配9
2.3 瀝青膠泥與瀝青混凝土之韌性性質11
2.3.1 瀝青膠泥之韌性性質11
2.3.2 瀝青混凝土之韌性性質12
2.3.3 影響瀝青混凝土潛變之因素13
2.4 瀝青混凝土之疲勞特性15
2.4.1 瀝青混凝土之疲勞現象及過程15
2.4.2 影響瀝青混凝土疲勞之因素16
2.5 瀝青混凝土的疲勞試驗20
2.5.1 不同加載方式的疲勞試驗21
2.5.2 剪支梁撓曲疲勞試驗23
2.5.3 瀝青混凝土疲勞生命期的預估25
2.6 瀝青混凝土路面損壞型態27
2.7 石膠泥瀝青混凝土(SMA)29
2.7.1 SMA之組構及特性29
2.7.2 粒料30
2.7.3 摻料31
2.7.4 瀝青膠泥32
2.7.5 礦物填充料32
2.7.6 拌合33
2.8 交通量因子分析34
2.8.1 計算交通量累積數之基準35
2.8.2 胎壓37
2.8.3 其他因素38
第三章 試驗計劃與流程39
3.1 試驗材料39
3.1.1 瀝青膠泥39
3.1.2 粒料與填充料39
3.1.3 級配40
3.1.4 纖維41
3.2 研究流程43
3.2.1 試驗流程43
3.2.2 試驗配置45
3.2.3 試驗項目46
3.3 瀝青膠泥基本性質試驗47
3.3.1 針入度試驗47
3.3.2 軟化點試驗48
3.3.3 黏滯度試驗49
3.3.4 韌性試驗50
3.3.5 瀝青膠泥流變試驗52
3.4 粒料基本性質試驗53
3.4.1 健性試驗53
3.4.2 洛杉磯磨損試驗54
3.4.3 扁平率及稜角率試驗54
3.4.4 岩性分析56
3.5 SMA配合設計56
3.5.1 配合設計簡介56
3.5.2 瀝青垂流試驗(Draindown Test)58
3.5.3 瀝青混凝土成效試體製作59
3.6 瀝青混凝土成效試驗60
3.6.1 回彈模數試驗60
3.6.2 間接張力試驗63
3.6.3 浸水殘餘強度試驗64
3.6.4 靜態潛變試驗66
3.6.5 紫外線老化試驗67
3.6.6 車轍輪跡試驗68
3.6.7 靜態撓曲荷重及疲勞試驗71
第四章 試驗結果分析77
4.1 瀝青膠泥基本性質試驗結果分析77
4.1.1 瀝青膠泥基本物性分析77
4.1.2 瀝青材料試驗資料圖(BTDC)81
4.2 瀝青膠泥流變行為分析82
4.2.1 流動模式分析82
4.2.2 潛變模式分析83
4.2.3 動態模式掃描分析85
4.3 粒料基本性質試驗結果分析93
4.3.1 粒料基本物性分析93
4.3.2 粒料岩性分析95
4.4 瀝青混凝土配合設計96
4.4.1 SMA配合設計結果96
4.4.2 瀝青垂流量分析97
4.5 SMA成效試驗結果分析99
4.5.1 回彈模數分析99
4.5.2 間接張力分析109
4.5.3 浸水殘餘強度分析127
4.5.4 靜態潛變分析132
4.5.5 紫外線老化分析142
4.5.6 車轍輪跡試驗分析153
4.5.7 靜態撓曲荷重分析161
4.5.8 疲勞試驗結果分析164
4.6 SMA之軸重當量因子分析168
第五章 結論與建議173
5.1 結論173
5.2 建議177
參考文獻179
附錄一 我國CNS改質瀝青規範185
附錄二 各國SMA相關規範186
2.1 美國FHWA186
2.2 美國喬治亞州188
2.3 德國189
2.4 中國大陸190
附錄三 粗粒料多角性試驗(CAA)191
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6. 28.劉長安(民84)‧談安寧照護─護理人員應有的認知‧護理雜誌,42(4),91-95。
7. 29.劉雪娥(民82)‧家屬生活品質量表心理測定學之探討‧護理研究,1(2),127-135。
8. 30.劉景萍(民86)‧馬偕醫院安寧療護教育示範中心‧醫院,5,30-35。
9. 35.蘇婉麗、胡海珍、洪彗綺(民84)‧陪伴一位癌症末期病人走完人生旅程‧護理雜誌,42(4),65-73。
10. 25.陳秀勤、王秀紅(民86)‧血液腫瘤住院患者的希望、社會支持與人口學特性之相關因素探討‧護理研究,5(6), 487-497。
11. 26.陳秋菊(民85)‧臨終病人基本身體需要及照顧‧安寧療護,2,1-7。
12. 23.廖純真、邱麗蓮(民81)‧探討一位癌症末期病人面對的失落及其因應行為‧護理新象,2(10),573-580。
13. 21.黃耀祖(民85)‧安寧療護症狀治療的原則與策略‧安寧療護,1,11-19。
14. 20.黃和美(民74)‧癌症末期病人對死亡心理反應之探討‧護理雜誌,32(4),57-69。
15. 11.許町子、杜異珍(民86)‧癌症病患和家屬對安寧照顧需求之探討‧榮總護理,14(1),11-22。
 
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