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研究生:魏渭堂
研究生(外文):Wei-tang Wei
論文名稱:親子遊戲治療團體方案設計與效果之分析研究
論文名稱(外文):A design of group filial therapy program and an analysis of its effects
指導教授:葉學志葉學志引用關係蕭文蕭文引用關係
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:輔導系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:311
中文關鍵詞:親子遊戲治療親職教育親子關係親職壓力幼兒社會能力親子互動遊戲行為
外文關鍵詞:filial therapyparenting educationparent-child relationshipparenting stresspreschool social competenceparent-child interaction play
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本研究旨在設計並實施一親子遊戲治療實作方案,進而檢視評估對父母之親子關係與親職壓力、對子女之社會能力、以及對親子互動遊戲行為的影響,同時瞭解本親子遊戲治療方案如何對受訓父母產生影響。因此本研究以十六位自願報名之父母(其中有八位為幼稚園老師因該幼兒有社會適應行為而推薦父母報名參加者)為對象,實施十個訓練單元、總計二十小時的親子遊戲治療團體工作坊訓練。訓練效果是以十六位受訓父母在親子關係量表、親子壓力量表,幼稚園老師在學前兒童社會能力量表,三位評分員在親子互動遊戲評估記錄表,以及受訓父母在各單元回饋表、綜合評量問卷填答的內容等,以瞭解受訓父母在接受此親子遊戲治療模式之訓練後,對親子遊戲治療的認知,以及應用本模式的自我效能預期如何。根據研究目的與問題,主要發現如下:
1. 就對父母之親子關係而言,滿意程度顯著增加。
2. 就對父母之親職壓力而言,壓力程度在親職愁苦因素、親子互動失調因素、以及困難兒童因素等方面顯著減少。
3. 就對子女之社會能力而言,社會能力在工作能力、主動性、瞭解人己關係、禮貌、陌生及公共場所之反應、以及語言能力等方面顯著進步。
4. 就對親子間之影響而言,互動遊戲行為在父母情感行為、父母打岔行為、父母讚美行為、父母對孩子注意程度、父母對發展的敏感度、父母反應行為、父母參與行為、孩子社會性行為、孩子活動注意力、孩子活動成度、孩子攻擊性行為、孩子對父母互動行為、以及孩子對父母問題反應等方面顯著改善。
5. 就對父母接受學習成長的影響而言,本方案可提供父母充分認知親子遊戲治療的概念,有助於父母的學習與成長。
研究者最後依研究發現提出建議,以作為親子遊戲治療實務、幼兒教育人員訓練、以及未來研究之參考。
The purpose of this research was to design a filial therapy program and furthermore to examine and evaluate the effectiveness of this filial therapy program in: (a) bettering parents’ parent-child relationship; (b) reducing parents’ stress related to parenting; (c) increasing their children’s social competence; (d) improving the parent-child interaction play behaviors; and to understand how this filial therapy program influences parents’ learning.
The filial therapy group, consisting of 16 volunteer parents (8 socially normal children’s parents and 8 socially disordered children’s parents, whose children were evaluated by their kindergarten teachers as having social behavior disorder problems). Each of the 16 volunteer parents received ten 2-hour weekly filial therapy training sessions and conducted a 30-minute weekly play session with one of their children after each training session. Two written self-report instruments, the Parent-child Relationship Scale and the Parenting Stress Index Form were completed by parents. And the Preschool Social Competence Scale was evaluated by children’s kindergarten teachers before and after the training program. All the parents were videotaped playing with their child before and after the training for the three raters as a means of measuring change in the Recording Sheet for the Parent-child Interaction Play Assessment. Moreover, the “Session Feedback Form” and “Comprehensive Evaluation Form” were also completed by parents for researcher to measure training effects.
Analyses of dependent t-test revealed that the parents in the training group had significant changes in all 23 hypotheses, including (a) a significant increase in parents’ satisfaction of parent-child relationship; (b) a significant reduction in parents’ parenting stress; (c) a significant improvement in children’s social competence; and (d) a significant increase in parents’ and children’s parent-child interaction play behaviors.
The factors which affect how trainees acknowledge the filial therapy program are: (a) the way trainer used to teach and model the trainees; (b) trainee’s personal learning involvement, way of learning, and personal family issues; and (c) training materials. According to parents’ feedback, the training program provides the trainees’ knowledge toward the filial therapy and benefits parents’ parenting efficacy.
Based on the above findings, workshops for parenting education and training, program designs, and further studies were recommended.
封面
中文摘要
英文摘要
致謝辭
目錄
表次
圖次
附錄次
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的
第二節 研究問題與研究假設
第三節 名詞詮釋
第四節 研究限制
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 父母訓練對親子關係與親職壓力的影響
第二節 兒童治療對社會能力增進的影響
第三節 遊戲治療之探討
第四節 親子遊戲治療
第五節 親子遊戲治療方案簡介
第六節 親子遊戲治療的效果評估
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究設計
第二節 初探性研究
第三節 研究對象
第四節 研究工具與研究者角色
第五節 親子遊戲治療團體方案設計之形成
第六節 研究程序
第七節 資料分析與處理
第四章 結果與討論
第一節 親子遊戲治療團體對親子關係的影響
第二節 親子遊戲治療團體對親職壓力的影響
第三節 親子遊戲治療團體對子女社會能力的影響
第四節 親子遊戲治療團體對親子互動遊戲行為的影響
第五節 親子遊戲治療團體對父母接受學習成長的影響
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 研究發現與結論
第二節 建議
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