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研究生:葉寶玲
研究生(外文):Yeh, Pao-ling
論文名稱:死亡教育課程對高中生死亡態度、憂鬱感及自我傷害行為影響效果之研究
論文名稱(外文):The effects of the death education course on high school students'' attitudes toward death, depression, and self-destructive behaviors
指導教授:吳秀碧吳秀碧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wu, Xiu-bi
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:輔導系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:129
中文關鍵詞:死亡教育高中生死亡態度憂鬱感自我傷害行為
外文關鍵詞:death educationhigh school studentsdeath attitudesdepressionself-destructive behaviors
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本研究主要目的在設計一套適合高中生的死亡教育課程,並探討此課程對學生死亡態度、憂鬱感及自我傷害行為之影響。本研究採準實驗研究法,受試者來自南投高中一年級兩個班級,共九十四名學生。一班為實驗組 (46人),而另一班為控制組 (48人)。前測時對所有受試者進行「高中系列學業性向測驗」與「賴氏人格測驗」,以了解兩組學生在實驗處理前之差異。然後,實驗組學生由研究者進行九節課 (每節五十分鐘)的死亡教育課程。實驗研究期間,控制組學生不接受任何處理。後測及追蹤測驗以「死亡態度量表」、「鄭氏憂鬱量表」及「自我傷害行為篩選量表」評量。研究所得資料,以獨立樣本t考驗、單因子多變項共變數分析進行分析。
研究結果顯示,從實驗組學生回饋資料發現,皆從死亡教育課程得到有利的影響,支持本研究設計之死亡教育課程適合高中生所採用。其次,統計方面發現,死亡教育對學生死亡態度、憂鬱感以及自我傷害行為並無立即性影響。然而,八週後的追蹤測驗則發現,兩組學生在趨近導向的死亡接受、憂鬱感有顯著差異。此結果暗示死亡教育課程對學生具有持續性影響,可以成功增進學生趨近導向的死亡接受與減少憂鬱感。根據上述研究之發現,研究者提出具體建議作為未來研究者與死亡教育者之參考。
The purposes of this research were to design a death education course for high school students and to explore change in attitudes toward death, depression and self-destructive behaviors resulting from a death education program. A quasi-experimental design was adopted. The subjects were ninety-four high school juniors drawn from Nanton High School. One of the classes which composed the population constituted experimental group (N=46), and the other constituted the control group (N=48). The High School Scholastic Aptitude Test and the Lai-sh Personality Test were administered to all subjects before the experiment. Then the students of experimental group participated in a fifty-minute nine-session death education program conducted by this researcher ; and the control group did not receive any treatment during the study period. The instrument administered during pretesting and follow-up were the Death Attitude Scale, the Zung Depression Scale and the Self-destructive Behaviors Screening Scale. The t-test and one-way multi-analysis of covariance were used where appropriate.
The respondents from students of the experimental group indicated that they experienced a beneficial effect from participating in the course. Statistical analysis showed that the death education course had no immediate effects on the attitudes toward death, depression, and self-destructive behaviors of the students. However, a eight-week follow-up indicated that significant group differences were found for scores on approach-oriented death acceptance and depression, but not for self-destructive behaviors. The data suggest that the evaluated in follow-up study was successful in improving attitude toward death acceptance and decreasing the respondents'' depression. Based on the above mentioned information, the recommendations of this study provide a reference for future researchers and death educators.
致謝辭………………………………………………………….I
中文摘要……………………………………………………...II
英文摘要……………………………………………………..III
目錄…………………………………………………………...V
圖次………………………………………………………….VII
表次…………………………………………………………VIII
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的………………………………….1
第二節 研究問題與假設………………………………….5
第三節 名詞界定…………………………………………..8
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 死亡有關之模式…………………………………10
第二節 高中生死亡概念與死亡態度發展之特徵…….22
第三節 學校死亡教育課程之探討……………………..28
第四節 死亡教育課程對高中生之影響效果………….40
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究對象…………………………………………43
第二節 研究架構與設計………………………………...45
第三節 實驗處理…………………………………………47
第四節 研究工具…………………………………………52
第五節 實施程序……………………………….……….. 56
第六節 資料處理…………………………………….….. 57
第四章 結果與討論
第一節 死亡教育對高中生死亡態度、憂鬱感及自我
傷害行為之影響………………………………… 59
第二節 實驗組學生對死亡教育課程反應之分析……. 69
第三節 綜合討論………………………………………… 76
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 研究發現與結論…………………………………88
第二節 研究限制………………………………………….89
第三節 建議………………………………………………..90
參考文獻
中文部分……………………………………………………95
英文部分…………………………………………………...97
附 錄 次……………………………………………………..108
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