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研究生:胡美齡
研究生(外文):Mei-Ling Hu
論文名稱:婚姻暴力受虐婦女主觀知覺其親子關係之分析研究
論文名稱(外文):The subjective percepertion of abused women toward their parent-child relationships
指導教授:程小蘋程小蘋引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:輔導系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:220
中文關鍵詞:婚姻暴力受虐婦女目睹婚暴兒童親子關係
外文關鍵詞:marriage violenceabused womenwitness childparent-child relationships
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本研究只在瞭解受虐婦女主觀知覺其親子關係的狀況,本研究乃以十二為婚姻暴力受虐婦女為研究對象,採直的研究方法,以半結構的訪談大綱蒐集資料,以開放性編碼歸納、分析所得之資料,研究結果發現如下:
一、在婚姻暴力發生當下,子女會出現身心症或強烈的情緒反應,包括哭泣、驚嚇、憤怒等;子女的性圍反應包括躲起來、企圖阻止及習以為常的反應;也有部分子女在婚姻暴力發生當下並不知情或不在家。而父親在施暴時,部分父親不會讓子女看見其暴力行為,會因為子女哭泣而助手;也有部分父親不會理會子女的任何行動,繼續毆打母親或母子一起打;也有父親以打子女來威脅控制母親。受虐的母親在被毆打的同時,仍會努力保護子女,但通常都是無力阻止的。
二、婚姻暴力發生之後,子女會出現憤怒、心疼、捨不得母親、無助等情緒反應,行為反應則包括有關心母親的反應及行為,有些子女出現冷漠、不耐煩的反應。父親在施暴後會離開暴力現場,向沒發生過暴力事件一樣繼續做自己的事。母親在被毆打後有兩類反應,一類母親會向子女訴苦抱怨,另一類母親則不會向子女抱怨,自己消化情緒。
三、受虐婦女主觀知覺其張夫與子女的互動狀況有三種:一要視先生的心情而定;二是先生極少與子女互動,動責打罵;三式先生也很少與子女互動,但父子之間有較為正向的互動。整體而言,多數父親對子女展現皆為處罰性、暴力、喜怒無常的情緒及行為。子女對父親的看法及感覺包括:害罵、緊張、不喜歡、認為父親有神經病、無理取鬧等,因應父親的方式則包括:躲避、離家的企圖與行動、順從父親、疏離父親、想與父親反抗等。父子關係疏離且充滿緊張及衝突。
四、受虐婦女教養子女的方式可分為兩種:大部分婦女花很多心力去管教子女,有部分婦女則因工作家務兩頭忙,較少時間管教子女。婦女會採取口頭提醒、說故事、罵、打、罰跪、罰站、減少讓子女出門、以物質或精神鼓勵子女等方式教育子女。大部分畝子之間是互相護衛、支持關心的聯盟狀況。也有少數母子之間有疏離、誤解的狀況出現。
五、婚姻暴力對親子互動的影響包括有以下幾個部分,一是母親個人情緒影響親子互動;二為母親離家後對親子互動的影響;三為母親管教子女的壓力;四維子女成為父母婚姻衝突的代罪羔羊及子女有離家的企圖與行動。
六、受虐婦女主觀知覺其婚姻暴力對子女的影響包括:子女學習父親不良的行為、子女不敢結婚或婚姻受到父親影響、子女在個性上出現自卑、畏縮、封閉及易恐懼的狀況、子女的情緒亦受到父母親的影響,子女無法好好唸書等五種。
本研究亦針對上述研究結果加以討論,並據此結果對諮商實務工作者及未來研究者提出具體建議。
The subjective perception of abused women toward their
parent-child relationships
Mei-Ling Hu
Abstract
The purpose of this research is to understand about the subjective perception of abused women toward their parent-child relationship. According to a dozen of abused women, the study adopted qualitative research method by semi-structured interviewing and collecting data. Open-coding was selected as the way to analyze the data. The main findings were as follows:
1.Under marriage violence, the children reveal somatic symptom and have the strong reactions of mood including crying, being scared, rage and so on. Moreover, the children''''s reaction include hiding and attempting to stop the violence. Some of them don''''t even know about it at all or are not at home, when the mother are under marriage violence. Fathers will stop proceeding because children cry; even fathers will not beat mothers up in front of children. Some of fathers who do not care about children''''s any reactions will go on beating mothers up or beating mother and children together including children. Some of fathers will threaten mothers via children. Mothers will still protect their children against fathers'''' violence, while abused women are being beaten up. But it usually is of no use.
2.After marriage violence happening, children will rage, sympathize and pity mothers and show helpless. Some of reactions include taking care of mothers, or indifference and impatience. After taking violence, fathers leave red-handed or would pretend nothing happened and carry on doing their business. After being abused, mothers have two sorts of reactions, one is to complain and murmur; another is to conceal their mood and never tell their children what is happening.
3.Abused women''''s subjective perception have three kinds of interactions with their husbands and children. One is to consider about husbands'''' mood. When husbands are in good mood, they will play with their children and help wives take care of children. When husbands are in bad mood, they will beat children. Another is that fathers who seldom interact with their children, and usually interact with their children by beating and yelling. The other fathers seldom interact with their children, but they have the positive interaction with their children. In effect, most fathers always show punishment, violence or unstable mood and behaviors to their children. According to children''''s opinions, they feel afraid, nervous, tiresome, psycho and unreasonable to their fathers. So children''''s reactions to their fathers include hiding, leaving home, pretending to obey father''''s orders, keeping distance with fathers, being against with fathers and making parenthood (fathers to children) estranged with tension and conflict.
4.Abused women have two sorts of ways to raise children: most women spend lots of time taking care of children. Others who are as busy as a bee with their work and housework do not have much time to take care of children. Women will educate and take care of their children by oral warning, telling stories, scolding, beating, kneeling, standing against walls, grounding children and giving concrete reward or oral encouragement. Most parenthood (mothers to children) are to protect one another, support and care about each other. Mother and children make very strong and stable coalition. But a little parenthood (mothers to children) also has estranged and misunderstanding situations.
5.Marriage violence affect the parent-children interaction by four parts. The first part is "mother''''s personal mood influences parenthood interaction" such as: Mother in bad mood will effect children''''s mood, mother''''s teaching and educating ways become impatient and improper, mother complain and murmur to children and mother has no time look after children. The second part is "after mother leaving home, its parenthood interactive effect" such as: mother who insists on leaving home decision keeps distance with children in purpose, children can''''t understand why mother leaves home and mother has no ability to raise children and send them to orphanage, so it makes parenthood untrustful. The third is "when mother who takes care about children gets big pressure" such as: neighbors'''' gossip, being afraid that children will learn the negative behaviors from their father, being worried about daughters who will follow her steps and children who will be beaten up by her husband. The forth is "children will be scapegoat of parents'''' marriage conflict" such as: parents will take it out on children, some parents will complain to their children of having to stay and suffer owing of children, sometimes father will threaten mother or ask children where their mother is by beating children and children have attempt and action of leaving home.
6.Abused women''''s subjective perception about conflict and violence event between parents will effect children, such as: children will learn the bad behaviors from their father, children dare not marry or marriage will be effected by their father, children''''s personality will despise themselves, shrink, close and get fear easily, children''''s mood is easily influenced by their parents, they will feel annoyed, pressured and helpless and children will not concentrate on academic work.
According to the results, suggestions for practical counseling and future studies are provided.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的.........................1
第二節 研究問題.....................................8
第三節 名詞界定.....................................9
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 婚姻暴力的定義及其影響..........11
第二節 親子關係的定義..........................25
第三節 婚姻品質對親子互動的影響......32
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究方法.....................................39
第二節 研究對象與樣本.........................40
第三節 研究工具與研究者角色.............44
第四節 研究流程.....................................49
第五節 資料分析與處理.........................53
第四章
第一節 婚姻暴力發生當下及之後之親子互動狀況...56
第二節 父子關係.....................................85
第三節 母子關係.....................................107
第四節 婚姻暴力對親子互動及子女的影響................139
第五章
第一節 結論............................................167
第二節 建議............................................178
參考文獻..................................................189
附錄...........................................................200
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