(3.238.186.43) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/25 01:46
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:黃郁雯
研究生(外文):Huang Yuh-wen
論文名稱:臺灣話語調研究
論文名稱(外文):Intonation of Taiwanese
指導教授:鍾榮富鍾榮富引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung Raung-fu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:英文
中文關鍵詞:語調
外文關鍵詞:Intonation
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:270
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究利用印象察覺法,探討台灣話語調的特徵,並提供概念式的語調描述。
本研究的錄音資料可分為兩部分:短文朗讀以及自然語境中的言談。參與短文朗讀的受試者皆為台南市居民,並以台灣話為其母語。 自然語境資料則蒐集自台南市居民日常生活中的對話。研究發現,台灣話語調的變化,主要來自於音階和音域的交互作用。在平鋪直敘的言談中,無論是直述句或疑問句,語調皆傾於下降;表示強調、感嘆或是驚訝等情緒時,語調起伏大,音域亦隨之擴大。語調的起伏運作,可分為局部層面和整體層面。意即字、詞、句等三個層面的音階及音域變化。 此外,語末助詞以及語首感嘆詞的聲韻變化,也賦予台灣話豐富生動的語言表情。

This study aims to probe in the intonation of Taiwanese via impressionistic approach. The intonation contours presented in the study are conceptual descriptions for exhibiting the circumflexes of Taiwanese intonation.
The data collected in the study are divided into two parts: the recording of text reading and the recording from natural discourses. All the informants in the study are Tainan inhabitants, who use Taiwanese as their native language. The reading material is a short story simulating the natural speech. As for the second part of data, the recording of ten hours’ spontaneous natural discourse fragments, the interlocutors are also Tainan inhabitants. The collected discourse fragments are mainly from the family meeting, office conversations and shopping bargins. More than thirty interlocutors are involved in the study.
From the study, we find that intonation in plain speech manifests falling. Intonation for showing special moods, such as exclamation, anger, or amazement, manifest abundant circumflexes. The variation of intonation in Taiwanese results from the interchange of pitch scale and pitch range operating on two layers: local and global. We also find that intonation of sentence final particles and sentence initial interjections convey pragmatic meanings and display rich speech colors for intonation of Taiwanese.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………...….
1.1 Motivation……..……………………………………………………..
1.2 Backgrounds………………………………………………………...
1.2.1 Thedefinition of intonation…………………………………
1.2.2 Does Taiwanese have intoantion…………………………
1.2.3 The definition of sentence final particle…………………..
1.2.4 The definition of interjection…………….…………………
1.3 Data collection……………………………………………………….
1.3.1 Data from the text reading…………………………………
1.3.2 Data from natural discourses……………………………...
1.3.3 The reading material……………………………………….
1.3.4 Subjects………………...…………………………………...
1.3.5 Procedure………………………………………...…………
1.4 Purpose of the study………………………………………………..
1.5 Contribution…………………………………..………………………
CHAPTER 2 TONE AND INTONATION IN TAIWANESE…………………..
2.1 The function of intonation…………………………………………..
2.1.1 Grammar function…………………………………………..
2.1.2 Attitudinal function………………………………………….
2.1.3 Discourse function………………………………………….
2.2 Literature Review………………………….………………………...
2.2.1 The study of tone and intonation in Chinese…………….
2.2.1.1 Chao’s proposal……………………………………
2.2.1.2 Shen’s proposal……………………………………
2.2.2 Intonation in Taiwanese……………………………………
2.2.2.1 Hung’s proposal……………………………………
2.2.2.2 Tseng’s study………………………………………
2.3 Intonation in tone languages………………………………………
2.4 Intonation makeup…………………………………………………..
2.4.1 Superimposed model………………………………………
2.4.2 Integrated model……………………………………………
CHAPTER 3 INTONATION IN NATURAL DISCOURSES…………………
3.1 Intonation types in unmarked cases………………………………
3.1.1 Statements vs. questions………………………………….
3.1.2 Intonation in statements……………………………………
3.1.3 Enumeration intonation type………………………………
3.1.4 Intonation in questions……………………………………..
3.2 Intonation in marked utterances……………………………………
3.2.1 Intonation of lexicon emphasized sentences……………
3.2.2 Intonation of phrase highlighted sentences……………...
3.2.3 Intonation of clause…………………………………………
3.2.4 Intonation of special sentence type……………………….
3.2.5 Gentle intonation……………………………………………
3.2.6 Sharp intonation…………………………………………….
3.3 Conclusion……………………………………………………………
CHAPTER 4 INTONATION IN TEXT…………………………………………
4.1 Intonation in text reading……………………………………………
4.1.1 Intonation of statements……………………………………
4.1.2 Intonation of wh-question………………………………….
4.1.3 Intonation of yes-no question……………………………..
4.1.4 Intonation of particle question…………………………….
4.1.5 The distribution of particles in the text reading………….
4.2 More about sentence final particles……………………………….
4.3 The integration of particles and intonation………………………..
4.4 The integration of interjection and intonation……………………..
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION…………………………………………………..
5.1 The intonation patterns of Taiwanese……………………………..
5.2 The construction of Taiwanese intonation………………………...
5.3 Particles and interjections…………………………………………..
5.4 Suggestions for further studies…………………………………….
REFERENCE…………………………………………………………………...
APPENDICES…………………………………………………………………..
Appendix1………………………………………………………………...
Appendix2………………………………………………………………...
…..1
…..1
…..2
…..2
…..5
…..8
…..9
…10
…10
…12
…12
…13
…14
…15
…15
…16
…16
…16
…17
…18
…19
…19
…19
…22
…24
…24
…27
…31
…32
…33
…34
…37
…37
…38
…45
…49
…52
…65
…66
…69
…72
…76
…79
…81
…83
…85
…85
…85
…90
…93
…95
…97
..100
..107
..108
..113
..113
..114
..115
..115
..117
..119
..119
..121

REFERENCES
Bolinger, Dwight L. (1986). Intonation and its parts. Stanford: Stanford Universtiy Press.
Bolinger, Dwight L. (1989). Intonation and its uses. Stanford: Stanford University Press,
Brazil, David. (1975). Discourse intonation. Birmingham University, Department of English.
Brown, Gillian, Karen L. Currie, and Joanne Kenworthy. (1980). Questions of intonation. Baltimore: University Park Press.
Chao, Yuen Ren. (1933). Tone and intonation in Chinese. Li shih yu yen yen chiu so chi kan, vol 4. 121-34
Chen, Matthew Y. (1987). The sytax of Xiamen tone sandhi. Phonology Yearbook 4, 109-49.
Chen, Janet Chiou-mei. (1993). Taiwanese sentence-final question particles. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Languages in Taiwan, C4-01-30. Taipei: National Taiwanese Normal University.
Cheng, Robert L. (1968). Tone sandhi in Taiwanese. Linguistics 41. 19-42.
Christal, David. (1975). The English tone of voice. London: Edward Arnold Ltd.
Clerk, John and Yallop, Colin. (1990). An introduction to phonetics and phonology. London: Basil Blackwell Ltd.
Cruttenden, Alan. (1986). Intonation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth. and Selting, Margret. Edt. (1996). Prosody in conversation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hung, Wei-jen. (1992). Taiwan Holao Huayu Shengtiao Yanjiu (The study of tones in Taiwanese). Taipei: Chili Wanbao She.
Ladd, D. Robert. (1996). Intonational phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ladefoged, Peter. (1982). A course in phonetics. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.
Laver, John. (1994). Principles of phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lewis, J. W. edt. (1995). Studies in general and English phonetics. London: Routledge.
Ramsaram, Susan. Edt. (1990). Sudies in the pronunciation of English: a commemorative volume in honor of A.C. Gimson. Great Britan: T.J. Press.
Shen, Siao-nan Susan. (1989). The prosody of Mandarin Chinese. Berkerley: Universtiy of California Press.
Tseng, Chin-chin. (1995). Taiwanese Prosody: An integrated analysis of acoustic and perceptual data. Ph.D. dissertation. The universtiy of Hawaii, Hawaii.
Xu, Ji-dun. (1990). An introduction to Taiwanese Grammar. Taipei: Chian-wei Press.

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔