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研究生:張蘋蘋
研究生(外文):Ping-Ping Chang
論文名稱:阻力訓練對兒童捷泳手腳推進功率百分比的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Resistance Training on Propulsive Power of Front Crawl Swimming in Children
指導教授:謝伸裕謝伸裕引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shen-Yu Hsieh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:繫繩游泳阻力訓練推進功率划頻划距捷泳
外文關鍵詞:tethered swimmingresistance trainingpropulsive powerstroke ratestroke lengthfront crawl swimming
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阻力訓練對兒童捷泳手腳推進功率百分比的影響
88年6月 研究生:張蘋蘋
指導教授:謝伸裕
摘 要
本研究的目的在探討阻力訓練對兒童捷泳手、腳推進功率,手、腳推進功率百分比,划頻、划距以及成績表現的影響。受試者為43名11-12歲,每週接受5~6次,每次1.5~2小時的水中訓練之游泳體育班兒童。在訓練前後皆分別測驗捷泳手、腳推進功率,手、腳推進功率百分比,划頻、划距和捷泳成績。以前測聯合游推進功率大小排序後輪迴分配為四組,進行不同部位(划手、踢腳、聯合、控制)之水中繫繩游的阻力訓練六週,每週三次,每次15秒*6~10次,。所得資料以二因子混合設計變異數分析,並以皮爾遜積差相關法比較各變項間之關係。
結果顯示:
1. 訓練後所有受試者之划手推進功率、划手推進功率百分比、短距離(25、50、100)捷泳成績進步,而划頻增快但划距減小,達顯著水準(p<.05)。
2. 不同部位的阻力訓練在各項測驗間並未產生顯著差異(p>.05)。
3. 划手、踢腳及聯合游推進功率與短距離捷泳成績達顯著相關(r=-.39~-.62)。
本研究結論:
六週不同部位的水中繫繩游阻力訓練,可能因為訓練強度、訓練量、訓練期不足,無法顯著的提昇兒童捷泳推進功率;也可能因與兒童生長發育同步,致使效果無法彰顯,值得進一步探討。而推進功率的大小與短距離,捷泳成績呈負相關,亦證實訓練過程中,能增進各部位(划手、踢腳、聯合)的推進功率,是提昇成績的重要考量。

The Effect of Resistance Training on Propulsive Power of Front Crawl Swimming in Children
June 1999 Student:Ping-Ping Chang
Advisor:Shen-Yu Hsieh
ABSTRACT
The purposes of this study were to examine the effect of resistance training on propulsive power of arm stroke, leg kick, propulsive power percentage of arm stroke and leg kick, stroke rate, stroke length and performance in front crawl swimming.
Subjects were 43 age-group swimmers. They were 11-12 yrs. old, train 5~6 times a week, 1.5~2 hours each time in water. They were tested before and after treatment training. Subjects were rank-ordered and balance-assigned into four groups: arm stroke, leg kick, whole stroke and control groups. Treatment training consisted of 6~10 repeats of 15sec all out tethered swimming, 3 days/wk, for 6 weeks. A two-way ANOVA and Pearson's product-moment correlation were used for data analysis.
The results are:
1. The experimental groups (arm, leg and whole) significantly improved (p<.05) propulsive power of arm stroke, power percentage of arm stroke, stroke rate and performance time.
2. No significant differences were observed among the experimental groups using different parts of resistance training (p>.05).
3. The propulsive power of arm stroke, leg kick were correlated with front crawl performance time (r=-.39~-.62).
Conclusions:
After six weeks of tethered resistance training, no significant differences were observed among the different groups. It's probably because of insufficient training intensity, volume, and duration. It also may due to children's growth and development which blur the training effect. The propulsive power of arm stroke, leg kick and whole stroke swimming were correlated with front crawl swimming time. It confirms that propulsive power is one of the most important parameters that training is trying to develop.

目  次
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
謝 誌 Ⅲ
目 次 Ⅳ
表 次 Ⅶ
圖 次 Ⅷ
第壹章 緒論1
一、前言 1
二、問題背景1
三、研究目的5
四、研究的重要性5
五、名詞操作性定義5
六、研究範圍7
七、研究限制7
第貳章 文獻探討8
一、捷泳手腳推進功率8
二、手腳功率與捷泳成績的相關10
三、游泳選手的阻力訓練方式與負荷12
第參章 方法與步驟17
一、實驗對象17
二、實驗變項17
三、實驗工具17
四、實驗方法與程序17
五、實驗時間22
六、統計分析22
第肆章 結果23
一、受試者基本資料23
二、訓練前後各項測驗的變化25
(一)推進功率25
(二)推進功率百分比27
(三)划距、划頻29
(四)捷泳成績的變化30
三、各項測驗之相關比較33
(一)推進功率與捷泳成績33
(二)捷泳手腳推進功率百分比與捷泳成績34
(三)划距、划速與捷泳成績34
四、本章結語36
第伍章 討論與結論37
一、兒童阻力訓練效果37
二、各變項間之關係探討40
三、結論與建議42
引用文獻…..43
附錄
附 錄 一、受試者須知與同意書48
附錄二、受試者健康情況調查表50
附錄三、受試者基本資料51
附錄四、受試者推進功率原始資料52
附錄四之一、前測划手推進功率原始資料52
附錄四之二、前測踢腳推進功率原始資料53
附錄四之三、前測聯合游推進功率原始資料54
附錄五之一、後測划手推進功率原始資料55
附錄五之二、後測踢腳推進功率原始資料56
附錄五之三、後測聯合游推進功率原始資料57
附錄六、受試者划距前後測原始資料58
附錄七、受試者划頻前後測原始資料59
附錄八、受試者捷泳成績前後測資料60
附錄九、變異數分析摘要表62
個人小傳 67

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