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研究生:李杰沛
論文名稱:曾參與教師環境教育訓練之高中教師對於新環境典範態度之研究
指導教授:楊冠政楊冠政引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:環境教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:153
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本研究旨在瞭解曾接受教師環境教育研習之高中教師對於Milbrath新環境典範的態度
,以及對於台灣地區環境問題的認知與體認,並探討性別、年齡、畢業科系及任教地區等
因素與上述兩者之關係。
本研究以民國八十一年至八十三年間,曾參加國立臺灣師範大學環境教育中心所舉辦
的教師環境教育訓練研習之高中教師,樣本共計三百人,以Milbrath跨國性環境價問卷調
查的方式收集資料,得到有效樣本共計112位。研究資料以平均值、標準差等敘述統計及
t-Test及One-Way ANOVA等推論統計方法進行分析。
研究所得重要結論如下:高中教師對於新環境典範的態度多趨向認同。在『性別』、
『出生年次』、『城鄉』與『畢業科系』四個變因上,女性教師較男性教師更認同新環境
典範的價值信念;鄉村的教師較城市教師更認同新環境典範的價值信念;在教師的畢業科
系方面,僅少數幾題顯示出數理學科的教師較藝能學科更認同新環境典範;而在教師的出
生年次上,則無顯著的差異。與國外相關研究的比較上,受測高中教師對於新環境典範的
積分,相當於歐美國家的環保人士的積分,而高過香港的中學教師。
在台灣地區環境問題嚴重性的認知上,教師普遍認為台灣地區環境問題已經相當嚴重
,其中以垃圾污染、水污染、水土流失及空氣污染問題的嚴重性居前四名,與國內環境問
題嚴重性之相關研究呈現一致性。多數教師認為自身所居住地區的環境品質不甚理想,僅
少數教師認為自己所居住的環境品質是極好或是極差。
整體而言,雖然曾接受教師環境教育研習之高中教師普遍認同新環境典範的價值信念
,但是涉及到經濟收入與法律秩序等議題時,則明顯偏向主流社會典範,顯示出教師們面
臨到環境價值信念的矛盾時,仍然傾向選擇主流社會典範的價值信念。
The purpose of this research is to understand th ehigh school teachers'' attitude, and their knowledge and understanding of Taiwan''s environmental problems toward the Miblbrath New Environmental Paradigm. These teachers have attented the teachers'' environmental education seminar. This research also discussed the relationship between sex, age, major of study and area of teaching and the problems mentioned above.
 This research takes samples from 300 high school teachers that have participated in the teacher''s educational environment training seminar sponsored by the National Taiwan Normal University Environment Education Center between 1992 and 1994, and had received and collected information of 112 responsesf rom the Milbrath international environment survey method. The research information and analysis is based on the average, standard difference etc. descriptive statistics an dthe alternate statistics method from the T-Test and One-Way ANOVA.
 The research center has come to the important conclusion as follows: most of the high school teachers agree to the new environmental paradigm. According to the four factors of "sex", "age of birth", "city and country" and "major", we have also found out that the female teachers tend to agree more to the believe of new environmental paradigm than male teachers. Teachers that live in the country-side tend to agree more to the value of new environmental paradigm than teachers that live in the city. According to the major of study, teachers of the mathematical and science subjects tend to agree more to the new environmental paradigm than the teachers of art subjects. However, there are no obvious differences between ages. When compared to the researches of foreign countries, the scores of the surveys is the same as the environmentalists in American and European countries but is higher than Hong Kong high school teachers.
 Most high school teachers'' understanding of the seriousness to the environmental problem in Taiwan area thinks that it is very serious. The top four problems include garbage pollution, water pollution, loss of soil and air pollution. There are other similar researches conducted in Taiwan and has come up with the same conclusion. Most teachers in Taiwan feel that the environmental quality in the area they live are not satisfactory. Only a few of the teachers feel that the environmental quality in the area they live in are either very good or very bad.
 In the whole, most teachers agree to the believe of the new environmental paradigm. However, in relation with the issues of personal financial income and law and order, they still lean toward the domain society paradigm. This result shows that when there is a conflict of the environmental new values, they still tend to lean toward the values in the domain society paradigm.
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