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研究生:陳永裕
研究生(外文):Yuan-Yuh Chen
論文名稱:南海晚第四紀生物源沈積記錄之古氣候研究
論文名稱(外文):A Late Quaternary Paleoclimatic Record of Biogenic Sediments from the South China Sea
指導教授:陳明德陳明德引用關係
指導教授(外文):Min-Te Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立海洋大學
系所名稱:應用地球物理研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:生物源沈積有機碳碳酸鹽
外文關鍵詞:Biogenic Sedimentsorganic carboncarbonate
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摘要
海底沈積物岩心記錄MD972148,是國際海洋古全球變遷計畫第三航次於南海高沈積速率的北坡,鄰近東沙群島處所取得(19o47.804''N, 117o32.56''E, 水深2830公尺),岩心總長度為48.72公尺。經由分析岩心中浮游有孔蟲混合層種屬Globigerinoides sacculifer(300∼350μm)的氧同位素與其他地層控制資料顯示,MD972148岩心可涵蓋現代至Stage 7的晚期,約21萬年左右的高解析度沈積地層記錄。岩心沈積可達冰期每千年20∼30公分、間冰期15∼20公分的高沈積速率,可以提供南海區域詳細的地層對比之用。
本研究的目的在於利用可反應海洋的表、深層循環以及生物生產力型式的重要代用指標,海洋沈積物中的生物源組成-有機碳、碳酸鹽類及矽質蛋白石的測定,可將一些記錄重要古環境變化的訊息,如軌道力改變導致的冰川體積大小、海水面升降、季風強弱變化等解讀出來。
經由沈積物中之生物源沈積記錄分析與頻譜分析結果,有機碳含量呈現較長週期的變化,呈冰期高,間冰期低之變化情況,主要是反應冰川體積大小而造成之海水面升降所控制之陸源輸入多寡,與氣候變化所形成之沈積速率變化影響或海盆面積大小所控制的含氧量變化。同樣反應生物生產力的蛋白石變化趨勢與有機碳相當類似﹔碳酸鹽則是呈現冰期減少、間冰期增加的週期變化型式,可能主要受海水面的升降所控制之陸源物質的稀釋效應之影響,而溶解度對於碳酸鹽沒有顯著的影響。
南海的高解析沈積岩心記錄,能與高緯度沈積記錄及冰心資料中記錄的快速氣候變化事件,如Dansgaard-Oeschger Cycle及Heinrich Events之間,有著良好的聯繫關係。
目錄
一、 引言
1.1 研究緣起
1.2 研究區域
1.3 區域季風狀況與水文
1.4 南海的沈積環境
1.5 生物源沈積研究
1.5.1 有機碳
1.5.2 碳酸鹽類
1.1.3 生物源蛋白石
1.6 時間序列分析
1.7 全球性快速氣候事件之比對
二、 研究樣品與方法
2.1 研究樣品
2.1.1 岩心樣品之取得
2.1.2 岩心樣品之前處理
2.1.2a 船上作業
2.1.2b 實驗室處理
2.2 岩心樣品之分析處理
2.2a 有孔蟲碳氧同位素之分析
2.2b 沈積物生源性組成之分析
2.3 年代模式(Age model)的建立
2.4質量累積率之計算
2.5 古生產力之計算
三、 結果
3.1浮游性有孔蟲之碳氧同位素記錄
3.2 岩心定年與沈積速率
3.3 有機碳含量與質量累積率變化
3.4 碳酸鹽含量與質量累積率變化
3.5 蛋白石含量與質量累積率變化
3.6 時間序列分析結果
3.7 全球性快速氣候事件的比對
四、 討論
4.1 沈積速率與質量累積率
4.2 生物源沈積記錄
4.3 全球性快速氣候事件
五、 結論
參考文獻
表目錄
表一、含碳量實驗之精確度與準確度
表二、研究中選取之碳十四定年點
表三、研究中選取之時間控制點與所對應之氧同位素事件
表四、岩心生物源沈積含量變化表
表五、岩心碳氧同位素資料
表六、岩新生物源沈積物質量累積率計算參數表
表七、新生產力(Pnew)計算參數列表
圖目錄
圖一、研究區域海底地形(水深單位:公尺)與MD972148岩心位置
圖二、南海現代與最近一次冰盛期(海水面下降120公尺)海陸分布比較
圖三、南海現代四季表層海水溫度分布
圖四、岩心之密度、反射色、磁感率,及碳氧同位素值
圖五、岩心之δ18O(經平滑化處理,Δt = 4公分)與SPECMAP Stackδ18O,及磁傾角資料(李德貴,未發表).
圖六、岩心深度與年代之關係,與各氧同位素階之平均沈積速率
圖七、岩心中各生物源沈積組成百分比與碳氮比資料
圖八、岩心中各生物源沈積組成質量累積率
圖九、岩心之有機碳含量、質量累積率(MAR)及新生產力(Pnew)估計值
圖十、岩心之碳酸鹽含量與破片率比較
圖十一、岩心δ18O與有機碳含量之交譜分析圖
圖十二、岩心δ18O與碳酸鹽含量之交譜分析圖
圖十三、岩心δ18O與蛋白石含量之交譜分析圖
圖十四、岩心有機碳含量、δ18O與格陵蘭冰心(GISP II)之比對
圖十五、海水面升降與沈積中心變化示意圖
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