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研究生:黃慧琦
研究生(外文):Huang Hui-Chi
論文名稱:國民小學導師輔導角色之調查研究
論文名稱(外文):The study of classroom teachers'''' guidance role of role expectation, role performance, and role conflict in the elementary schools
指導教授:曹中瑋曹中瑋引用關係
指導教授(外文):Taso Chun-Wai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立台北師範學院
系所名稱:國民教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:教育行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:201
中文關鍵詞:國民小學導師輔導角色角色期望角色踐行角色衝突
外文關鍵詞:classroom teachers of elementary schoolsguidance rolerole expectationrole performancerole conflict
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摘 要
本研究旨在瞭解國民小學導師輔導角色期望與角色踐行的狀況,以及角色衝突之因素,並據以提出結論與建議。具體目的有四:一、瞭解目前國民小學導師之輔導角色期望、角色踐行與角色衝突的情形;二、分析導師輔導角色期望與角色踐行間的差異情形;三、探討國民小學導師輔導角色期望、角色踐行與角色衝突的關係;四、根據研究結果提出建議,供國民小學導師或輔導相關單位或人員參考。
為達上述之目的,本研究首先針對國民小學輔導工作進行初步探討,其次分析國民小學導師輔導角色之意涵,最後探討角色期望、角色踐行、角色衝突的理論基礎。經由上述之探討與分析,作為本研究之理論基礎,並據以自編之「國民小學導師輔導角色調查問卷」實施問卷調查。本研究以臺北市之公私立國民小學現任導師、行政人員及家長為調查對象,依學校數及規模比例採取分層叢集取樣,共回收有效問卷一千一百七十四份。分別以平均數、標準差、單因子變異數分析、t考驗、符號檢定及迴歸等統計方法進行分析。
本研究經由統計分析,獲得下列幾項主要的結論陳述如下:
一、 導師、行政主管人員與家長對導師的輔導角色上的期望整體來說是「重要」;而在輔導角色踐行上,導師則認為其自我實踐程度為「部分做到」。
二、 導師輔導角色期望與角色踐行有顯著的差異。
三、 背景變項是影響導師輔導角色期望、角色踐行與角色衝突之重要因素。
四、 國民小學導師輔導角色衝突並不嚴重,但仍存在其衝突因素。
五、 協調聯繫角色與整體角色衝突等對導師輔導角色踐行之預測最為重要。
最後根據研究結論,針對導師、教育行政機關與未來研究提出研究建議。
一、 對國民小學導師之建議:(一) 掌握導師輔導角色的特性;(二) 善加運用輔導系統,整合學校各項資源; (三) 提升導師自我輔導知能,落實導師輔導角色工作; (四) 雙向溝通,建立關係,預防衝突。
二、 對教育行政機關之建議:(一) 定期提供導師輔導知能的課程,以提供實務與理論之學習和分享的機會; (二) 鼓勵校園推動正確輔導的概念,以輔導的理念或技巧作領導;(三) 增加學校資源,提高人員編制,減輕工作負擔,降低衝突機會;(四) 鼓勵並支持輔導專業系統的建立,以協助導師或學校更多的輔導支援。
三、 對未來研究的建議:(一) 在研究範圍方面; (二) 在研究對象方面; (三) 在研究方法上面; (四) 在研究設計方面。
Abstract
The main purpose of this research is focus on the classroom teachers'''' guidance role of role expectation, role performance and role conflict in the elementary schools.
There are four concrete purposes of this research, which are:(a) Realize the current situation of the role expectation, role performance and role conflict of the classroom teachers'''' guidance role;(b) Analysis the differences between role expectation and role performance of the classroom teachers'''' guidance role;(c) Discuss the relationships between role expectation, role performance and role conflict of the classroom teachers'''' guidance role;(d) With the research conclusions above, give advises on the classroom teachers of the elementary schools to the related education administration departments and to the school guidance departments.
To achieve the purposes above, the first discussion is aimed at the guidance work of the elementary schools. Then we will analysis the true meaning of the guidance role of the classroom teachers in the elementary schools. Finally, we will discuss the theoretical foundations of role expectation, role performance and role conflict. We will use the conclusions above as the theoretical foundations of this research and we will also use the questionnaire made by ourselves to do our investigation. The candidates of this research are current classroom teachers, administrations and the parents of the students. This research took a wide survey through questionnaires to 1174 people randomly selected from 149 public and private elementary schools in Taiwan area. By the mean, standard variance, one-way AVNOA, t test, sign test and regression to do our statistics.
By using some statistical methods, this research had made some major conclusions that were listed below:
(a) Classroom teachers, administrators and parents think that classroom teacher is " Important " in playing as a guidance role.
(b) There are major differences between role expectation and role performance.
(c) The background variables are important affecting factors of the role expectation, role performance and role conflict of classroom teachers'''' guidance role.
(d) Role conflict of the classroom teachers of the elementary schools is not too serious, but there still have some other conflict factors.
(e) The coordinate/contact role and role conflict can serve as good predictors of role performance of the classroom teachers'''' guidance role.
目 次
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的
第二節 待答問題及假設
第三節 名詞釋義
第四節 研究範圍與限制
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 國民小學輔導工作初探
第二節 國民小學導師輔導角色之意涵
第三節 角色期望與角色踐行之探討
第四節 角色衝突之探討
第三章 研究設計與實施
第一節 研究架構
第二節 研究對象
第三節 研究工具
第四節 實施步驟
第五節 資料處理
第四章 研究結果與討論
第一節 國民小學導師的輔導角色期望
第二節 國民小學導師的輔導角色踐行
第三節 國民小學導師的輔導角色期望與角色踐行之間的差異情形
第四節 國民小學導師的輔導角色衝突
第五節 國民小學導師輔導角色期望、角色衝突對輔導角色踐行之預測
第六節 綜合討論
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 主要研究發現
第二節 結論
第三節 建議
參考書目
附錄一:訪談大綱
附錄二:國民小學導師輔導角色調查問卷(預試用)
附錄三:專家效度意見調查表
附錄四:專家效度之意見
附錄五:國民小學導師輔導角色調查問卷(正式用)
附錄六:訪談內容摘錄
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