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研究生(外文):Chia-Fang Lin
論文名稱(外文):Expression Analyses of TCR alpha/delta-chain Genes in Lymphocytes from a Patient with Myasthenia Gravis
指導教授(外文):Chia-Lam Kuo
外文關鍵詞:T Cell ReceptorMyasthenia Gravisacetylcholine receptorcomplementarity determining regionautoimmunity
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免疫系統是人類及其他脊椎動物用來保護自體免受外來物入侵的一套複雜的生命網絡。T細胞所調節的反應在免疫系統中是十分重要的一環。常見的自體免疫疾病如多發性硬化症(mutiple sclerosis, MS)、類風濕性關節炎(rheumatoid arthritis , RA)、胰島素依賴型糖尿病(insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM)等,皆是由於T細胞失去對自體抗原的耐受性(self-tolerance)而有所反應所造成的,而本論文所研究的對象重症肌無力(myasthenia gravis)則是一種抗體調節(antibody-mediated)的自體免疫疾病,主要的致病原因之一是病人體內產生一種乙醯膽鹼受體(acetylcholine receptor)的抗體,造成乙醯膽鹼受體的減少,從重症肌無力的動物模型EAMG(experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis)與從人類血液中篩選出乙醯膽鹼受體專一的T細胞發現,CD4+的輔助T細胞(T helper cells, Th)扮演著關鍵的角色。本論文主旨在於分析重症肌無力病人的T細胞接受器(T cell receptor,TCR)的基因使用以及T細胞接受器CDR3部分的核酸序列,希望能藉由這些實驗能分析出與重症肌無力相關的特殊T細胞接受器,針對T細胞抗原接受器發展出可行的治療方式,將可以更有效的治療重症肌無力。
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease mediated by autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptor (AChR).T lymphocytes in MG patients are considered to exert a regulatory function in the development of anti-AchR antibodies. These autoreactive T cells may be activated through recognition of self-antigen, such as AchR and/or AchR-related molecules and complementarity determining region (CDR3) in the V region of T cell receptor (TCR) molecules is regarded as the major site responsible for the antigen-recognition.
In this study, we analyzed in detail the TCR Valpha and Vdelta gene usage in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) of a MG patient as an initial step in understanding the relevancy of TCRs in the pathogenic T cells. Several Valpha/Vdelta and Calpha/Cdelta sequence-specific primers were synthesized and used in RT-PCR/PCRs to obtain TCR alpha/delta-chain genes present in PBLs of the MG patient. PBLs from the patient’s brother who has no MG symptoms were also analyzed in parallel to distinguish the effect caused by either MHC alone or MHC plus the potential pathogenic antigens on the observed TCR V gene usage
Dominant usage of certain TCR VJ combination, that is V2-J53-C, V5-J49-Cand V14-J1-C, is observed in the samples of the MG patient, but not in the isolates from patient’s brother. Moreover, these TCR genes were suggested to be isolated from oligoclonally-expanded T cells since identical V-J junctional sequences were evidenced by nucleotide sequence analysis. It, therefore, indicates that the T cells bearing these TCRs may be activated by certain antigens (could be AchR or AchR-like peptides) in the MG patient and suggests that these T cells might play an important role in generating MG. In addition, some CDR3 sequences in the TCRs isolated from the MG patient are identical or homologous to the CDR3 sequences in TCRs of some previously identified T cells, such as DN  and  T cells. The functional significance of these TCR genes present in the MG patient is discussed in this report.
目錄 i
圖表目錄 ii
中文摘要 iii
英文摘要 iv
縮寫表 v
前言 1
T細胞與免疫反應 1
T細胞接受器 1
T細胞接受器的多樣性 2
T細胞接受器與抗原以及抗原主要組織相容性複合體之間的作用 2
自體免疫(Autoimmnity)與T細胞 3
重症肌無力(Myasthenia Gravis)3
重症肌無力與T細胞抗原接受器(Myasthenia Gravis and TCR)4
本論文所探討的主要問題 5
實驗材料與方法 6
實驗材料 6
實驗方法 6
互補去氧核醣核酸的選殖(cDNA cloning)6
結果 11
V基因使用的情形 11
J基因使用的情形 12
CDR3的性質 13
討論 40
V基因使用的情形 40
J基因使用的情形 40
特殊V基因J基因組合的性質 41
CDR3 43
delta chain T細胞接受器 44
從本論文實驗方法找尋到乙醯膽鹼受體片段專一T細胞的可能性 44
附錄一 48
附錄二 49
參考文獻 50
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