跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.221.66.130) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/20 22:45
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:洪正峰
研究生(外文):Cheng-Feng Hung
論文名稱:兩種堆肥對不同土壤中磷有效性及吸附作用的影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Two Kinds of Compost on the Availability and Adsorption of Phosphorus in Different Soils
指導教授:鍾仁賜鍾仁賜引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ren-Shih Chung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:農業化學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:農業化學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:堆肥豬糞堆肥豌豆稻殼堆肥有效性吸附能力
外文關鍵詞:Phosphoruscomposthog dung compostpea-rice hull compostavailabilityadsorption
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:362
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
磷為植物極重要之營養要素而有機磷則在磷之供應上扮演重要角色,但堆肥施入土壤後的磷肥供應情形及磷型態的變化卻極複雜而難以預測。本研究的目的在欲瞭解施用有機質肥料,對於土壤中磷的有效性及土壤吸附能力的影響,以做為農業生產中土壤管理評估的參考。本研究利用十五種台灣土壤,分別施用化學肥料、豬糞堆肥及豌豆稻殼堆肥共三種處理,三組的全磷施用量均為 230 mg kg-1。每種處理三重複在33.3 kPa 的水分含量室溫下進行孵育實驗,分30天及90天兩時期採樣。以奧爾森法及布雷氏第一法估算土壤有效性磷含量,以灼燒法測定無機磷與有機磷含量,並進行等溫吸附實驗以估算土壤磷吸附能力。
研究結果顯示,供試的三種肥料在十五種土壤中經90天之孵育幾乎全都使土壤的酸鹼度下降,只有強酸性土壤施用豌豆稻殼堆肥後pH值上升。三種不同施肥處理均增加了土壤中有效性磷的含量,而其中以施用豬糞堆肥增加的幅度最小;十五種不同土壤中以老埤系及平鎮系有效磷含量增加最少。三種不同處理的大部份土壤中,布雷氏第一法所測得的土壤有效性磷含量在30天與90天孵育期的變化甚小,顯示堆肥施入土壤30天時即達到平衡狀態,而以奧爾森法測得的結果卻因土壤之不同而呈現隨時間減少、增加甚至沒有變化。堆肥施入30天後大部分的磷即以無機態的形式釋出,30至90天孵育期內,只有少量的有機磷礦化。由等溫吸附實驗結果來看,三種不同施肥處理均會降低土壤的磷吸附能力。
The chemistry of P in soil is complex and it is hard to estimate the transformation of the P fertilizer applied to soil. In this study, the effects of two different kinds of compost on the P availability and adsorption of 15 different soils were compared. The two kinds of compost were a hog dung compost and a pea-rice hull compost. A chemical fertilizer treated plot was used as control. The application rate of P was 230 mg P kg-1 soil. After completely mixing the soil and the fertilizer, the soils were incubated under 33.3 kPa water potential at room temperature. After 30 and 90 days of incubation, the pH, Olsen P, Bray No.1 P, inorganic P and organic P of the soils were measured. Isothermal adsorption experiments of these soils were also studied.
The results showed that the pH of the most soils were decreased after 30 or 90 days of incubation, however, the pH of the strongly acidic soil with the application of pea-rice hull compost was increased. The P availability of the soil increased with the application of chemical and organic fertilizers. With the application of the hog dung compost, the P availability was the least. Among the different soil, the increase in P availability of Laopi and Pingchen soils were the least. There was no significant difference in Bray No.1 P between 30 and 90 days of incubation in most of the soils used. However, the Olsen P of the different soils increased, decreased or no significantly changed between 30 and 90 days of incubation. Most of P in composts was inorganic, therefore, there was no significant difference in organic P between original soil and the soil incubation for 30 days. Only small amount of organic P mineralized during the period from 30 to 90 days of incubation. Application of fertilizers decreased the P adsorption capacity in all tested soils.
前言 1
材料方法 5
結果討論 15
一 施用有機物對土壤pH值的影響 15
二 施用有機物對土壤磷有效性的影響 21
三 施用有機物對土壤有機磷與無機磷含量的影響 33
四 有機物對土壤吸附磷能力的影響37
結論 50
參考文獻 51
附錄 57
台灣農業年報。1996。 pp. 155-187。台灣省農林廳,南投,台灣。
陳仁炫。1993。四種有效磷分析法在探討台灣旱田土壤磷有效性之適宜性評估。中國農業化學會誌,31:287-297。
陳仁炫。1993。台灣強酸性土壤磷吸附特性之研究。中國農業化學會誌,31:399-411。
陳仁炫、丁美幸。1993。土壤 pH 及磷肥施用對酸性和石灰質土壤磷生物有效性之研究。中國農業化學會誌,31:653-666。
陳仁炫。1995。有機質肥料的添加對土壤有效磷及礦化作用的影響。中國農業化學會誌,33:533-549。
翁玉娥。1993。有機質肥料的添加對磷在土壤中轉換及有效性的影響。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文,台中,台灣。
鍾仁賜、梁冠群。1993。評估兩步驟修正法之磷肥需要量診斷推薦在本省之應用的可行性。中國農業化學會誌,31:480-489。
Adams, F. 1984. Crop Response to Lime in the Southern United States. In “Soil Acidity and Liming.” F. Adams (ed.) 2nd ed., pp.211-265. Agronomy Monogr. 12., Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Madison, Wisconsin.
Ahmed, S. 1996. Fertilizer Use in Asia: How High Can It Rise. pp.33-77. In Appropriate Use of Fertilizers in Asia and the Pacific, S. Ahmed (ed.), Food & Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region, Taipei.
Anderson, G., E. G. Williams, and Jacqueline O. M. 1974. A comparison of the sorption of inorganic orthophosphate and inositol hexaphosphate by six acid soils. J. Soil Sci., 25:51-62.
Asghar, M. and Y. Kanehiro. 1976. Effect of sugarcane trash and pineapple residue incorporation on soil nitrogen, pH and redox potential. Plant Soil, 44:209-218.
Banger, K. C., K. S. Yaday, and M. M. Mishra. 1985. Transformation of rock phosphate during composting and the effect of humic acid. Plant Soil., 85:259-266.
Barrow, N. J. 1989. Tasting a mechanistic model. IX. Comparation between anions for sorption by soil. J. Soil Sci., 40:415-425.
Borggaard, O. K., S. S. Jorgensen, J. P. Moberg and B. Raben-Lange. 1990. Influence of organic matter on phosphate adsorption by aluminum and iron oxides in sandy soils. J. Soil Sci., 41:443-449.
Bremner, J. M. 1965. Inorganic forms of nitrogen. In ”Methods of Soil Analysis”. Part 2. C. A. Black ed., pp. 1149-1178. Agro. No.9 ASA-SSSA. Wisconsin.
Bremner, J. M. and C. S. Mulvaney. 1982. Salicylic Acid-thiosulfate Modification on Kjldahl Method to Include Nitrate and Nitrite, In “Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties” A. L. Page ed., 2nd ed., pp. 621-622, Academic Press, New York.
Chen, J. H. and S. A. Barber. 1991. Aging effect of lime and phosphate addition on phosphorus availability in an acid soil. Commun Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 22:419-430.
Dalton, J. D., G. C. Russell, and D. H. Sieling. 1952. Effect of organic matter on phosphate availability. Soil Sci., 73:173-181.
Fox R. C. and E. J. Kamprath. 1970. Phosphprus sorption isotherm for evaluating the phosphate requirements of soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 34:902-906.
Gee, G. W. and J. W. Bauder. 1986. Particle-size analysis. In “Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties” A. L. Page ed., 2nd ed., pp. 388-441, Academic Press, New York.
Griffin, R. A. and J. J. Jurinak. 1974. Kinetics of phosphate interaction with calcite. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.,38:75-79
Hartikainen H. and M. Yli-Htalla. 1996. Solubility of soil phosphorus as influenced by urea. Z. Pflanzenernaehr. Bodenk., 159:327-332.
Hue, N. V., G. R. Craddock and F. Adams. 1986. Effect of organic acids on aluminum toxicity in subsoils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.,50:28-34.
Islam, A., R. Mandal, and K.T. Osman. 1979.Direct adsorption of organic phosphate by rice and jute plants. Plant and Soils., 53:49-54.
Khalil, R. A. and M. M. El-Shinnawi. 1989. Humification of organic matter in soil affecting availablity of phosphorus from its mineral compounds. Arid Soil Research., 3:77-84.
Kuo, S. 1990. Phosphate sorption implications on phosphate soil tests and uptake by corn. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 54:131-135.
Larsen, S., D. Gunary, and C. D. Sutton. 1965. The rate of immobilization of applied phosphate in relation to soil properties. J. Soil Sci., 16:142-148.
Larson, W. E., C. E. Clapp, W. H. Pierre, and Y. B. Morachan. 1972. Effect of increasing amounts of organic residues on continuous corn: II. Organic carbon, vutrogen, phosphous, and sulfur. Agronomy Journal. 64:204-208.
Mackay, A. D., J. K. Syers, P. E. H. Gregg and R. W. Tillman. 1984. A comparison of three soil testing procedures for estimating the plant available phosphorus in soils using either superphosphate or phosphate rock. N. Z. J. Agric. Res., 27:231-245.
Matar, A. E., S. Garabed, S. Riahi and A. Mazid. 1988. A comparison of four soil testing procedures for determination of available phosphorus in calcareous soils of the Mediterranean region. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 19:127-140.
Mattingly, G. E. G. 1975. Labile phosphate in soils. Soil Sci.,119:369-375.
McLean, E. O. 1982. Soil pH and Lime Requirement, In “Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties ” 2nd ed., Page A. L. ed., pp. 199-224, Academic Press, New York.
Moreno, E. C., W. L. Lindsay, and G. Osborn. 1960. Reactions of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate in soils. Soil Sci., 90:58-68.
Murphy, J. and J. P. Riley. 1962. A modified single solution for determination of phosphate in natural waters. Anal. Chem. Acta, 27:31-36.
Olsen, R. J., R. F. Hendler, and O. J. Attoe. 1970. Effect of manure application, aeration, and soil pH on soil nitrogen transformation and on cerain soil test values. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 24:222-225.
Olsen R. V. 1982. Iron, Aluminum, and Manganese. In “Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties ” 2nd ed., Page A. L.ed., pp. 281-316, Academic Press, New York.
Olsen, S. R. and S. A. Barber. 1977. Effect of Waste Application on Soil Phosphorus and Potassium. In “Soils for Management of Organic Wastes and Waste Waters.”, pp 197-215, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin.
Olsen, S. R. and F. E. Khasawneh. 1980. Use and Limitations of Physical-Chemical Criteria for Assessing the Status of Phosphorus in soils. In “The Role of Phosphorus in Agriculture.”, pp 361-410, Am. Soc. Of Agro., Madison, Wisconsin.
Parfitt, R.L. 1978. Anion adsorption by soils and soil materials. Adv. Agron., 30:1-50.
Rhoades, J. D. 1982. Cation exchange capacity. In “Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties” A. L. Page ed., 2nd ed., pp. 149-157, Academic Press, New York.
Rhoades, J. D. 1982. Soluble Salts, In “Methods of Soil Analysis Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties ” 2nd ed., Page A. L.ed., pp. 167-178, Academic Press, New York.
Sharpley, A. N. 1985. Phosphorus cycling in unfertilized agricultural soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 49:905-911.
Sharpley, A. N. and S. J. Smith. 1989. Mineralization and leaching of phosphorus from soil incubated with surface-applied and incorporated crop residue. J. Environ. Qual., 18:101-105.
Sibanada, H. M., and S. D. Young. 1986. Competitive adsorption of humus acids and phosphate on goethite gibbite and two tropical soils. J. Soil Sci., 37:197-204.
Walker T. W. and A.F.R. Adams. 1958. Studies on soil organic matter: I. Influence of phosphorus content of parent materials on accumulation of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and organic phosphorus in grassland soils. Soil Sci., 85:307-318.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top