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研究生:程智男
研究生(外文):Chen, Chin-Nan
論文名稱:工資補貼政策與資本補貼政策:跨時最適模型的分析
指導教授:賴景昌賴景昌引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:工資補貼資本補貼跨時最適模型
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現代化工業國家政府的課題之一是增加社會就業。最直覺的經濟概念就是減少工資成本。因此,工資補貼政策應該是可以考慮的方向。但是實際上觀察到的現象卻是,政府似乎偏好資本補貼政策,而非工資補貼政策。對此經濟學家已經提出了不少論證,說明資本補貼是不合效率的。
為了分析這種現象,本文使用Turnovsky(1995)所建構的跨時最適化總體經濟模型解說,基於勞動與資本在生產上的互補性,因此對其中任何一種生產要素的補貼政策,會透過外溢效果彼此影響。我們的分析發現,在政府預算平衡之下,採用不同的融通方式,對工資補貼政策有不同的結果。首先,定額稅融通的工資補貼政策,就業量與產出都會增加。但是如果是所得稅融通的工資補貼政策,就業量增加,卻要付出產出減少的代價。其次,邊際工資補貼政策則可以視為全額補貼政策不同融通方式的混合,並無特出之處。最後,資本補貼政策以定額稅融通,短期會有增加勞動數量的效果,長期勞動數量則會回復到原先的均衡數量,但是會帶動產出的增加;所得稅融通的資本補貼,短期對勞動的影響不明,長期有勞動數量減少的結果,但是產出仍然是增加。
本文的結果可以為政府偏好資本補貼政策提供合理的解釋。由於提升產出也是政府可能的施政目標之一,所以偏好資本補貼政策代表政府認為提高產出比增加勞動更為重要。

謝詞
論文摘要
第一章緒論與文獻回顧………………………………………………………… 1
第一節前言……………………………………………………………………… 1
第二節文獻回顧………………………………………………………………… 3
第二章模型設定………………………………………………………………… 5
第三章工資補貼政策…………………………………………………………… 9
第一節定額稅融通工資補貼政策……………………………………………… 9
第二節所得稅融通工資補貼模型……………………………………………… 19
第四章邊際補貼政策…………………………………………………………… 30
第五章資本補貼政策…………………………………………………………… 35
第一節定額稅融通資本補貼政策……………………………………………… 35
第二節所得稅融通資本補貼政策……………………………………………… 44
第六章結論與建議……………………………………………………………… 54
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………………… 55

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