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研究生:黃任鴻
研究生(外文):Huang Ren-Hung
論文名稱:文章段落版面編排之視覺搜尋及閱讀效應
論文名稱(外文):The efficiency of paragraph layouts on visual search and reading
指導教授:許勝雄許勝雄引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:管理研究所工業管理學程
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:版面編排視覺搜尋閱讀
外文關鍵詞:layoutvisual searchreading
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文本(text)之編排方式,會由於人員閱讀時視覺辨識、生理反應及理解認知特性,而產生不同的績效。本研究從人因工程之角度,對於文本之可讀性(readability)增進做一研究,包括文章段落(paragraph)幾種不同行長及以內容之語意架構為考量之段落呈現方式,對視覺搜尋及一般性閱讀績效之影響做探討。以期在實務上,供文章段落版面設計之參考,能同時適用於視覺搜尋及一般閱讀工作。
從實驗一得知:不同字數行長對於視覺搜尋正確率無顯著差異。而就視覺搜尋速率而言,以32字最佳,22字其次,14字績效最差。所以初步推論:人員均就版面編排是否易於搜尋而調整其搜尋速率,以將搜尋正確率維持於一定水準。另外視覺搜尋適用行長長於一般閱讀情況。在段落呈現方式方面,發現小段落之編排方式相較於大段落,對搜尋績效之影響無顯著差別。所以初步推論:由於視覺搜尋沒有或極少涉及文章內容理解層面,所以反應語意架構為考量之段落呈現方式對搜尋工作而言,較不具有意義。
從實驗二得知:不同字數行長對於閱讀測驗答對率無顯著差異。而就閱讀速率而言,以22字最佳,32字其次,14字績效最差。所以初步推論:人員均就版面編排是否易於閱讀而調整其閱讀速率,以將閱讀理解程度維持於一定水準。在段落呈現方式方面,發現小段落相較於大段落,對閱讀績效之影響無顯著差別。所以初步推論:此種段落呈現方式相較於他種語意分割的版面編排方式而言,對於明顯涉及文章內容理解工作的閱讀而言助益很小,所以對一般性閱讀無明顯作用。
The text layout will result in different performance because of the visual perception, physiological reaction and cognition of human beings while reading. From the ergonomics standpoint, the readability improvement of the paragraph layout, such as effects of the line length and the semantic segmentation arrangement, were investigated in this study. We intend that it will be recommended as guidelines of the paragraph layout design in order to facilitate visual search as well as reading.
The result of experiment one revealed that:(1)No significant differences were found in visual search accuracy when different line lengths were used. We conclude that searching accuracy of the passage does not vary as a function of the layout, indicating that people maintain a constant level of searching accuracy by varying their searching rate. (2)A significant difference was found in searching rate between the use of the line length of 32 characters and 14 characters. We conclude that the optimum line length for visual search is longer than for general reading. (3)Compared with the general section display, one single sentence displayed as a section itself was found no significant differences in visual search performance. No or little comprehension demands during visual search can account for this result.
The result of experiment two indicated that:(1)No significant differences were found in general reading comprehension when different line lengths were used. We conclude that reading comprehension of the passage does not vary as a function of the layout, indicating that people maintain a constant level of reading comprehension by varying their reading rate. (2)A significant difference was found in general reading rate between the use of the line length of 22 characters and 14 characters. (3)Compared with the general section display, one single sentence displayed as a section itself was found no significant differences in general reading performance. Much comprehension demands during general reading can account for this result because of little help of the layout.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的 5
1.3研究步驟 7
1.4研究範圍與限制 9
1.4.1研究範圍 9
1.4.2研究限制 9
第二章 文獻探討 10
2.1可讀性 10
2.2視覺作業歷程 11
2.2.1字彙辨識 11
2.2.2閱讀 13
2.2.3視覺搜尋及其與閱讀之比較 17
2.3影響版面呈現之變項 20
2.3.1空間運用 21
2.3.2行長 23
2.3.3語意分割 27
2.4小結 31
第三章 研究實驗 35
3.1實驗一:文章段落之目標搜尋績效測試35
3.1.1實驗目的 35
3.1.2實驗材料 35
3.1.3受試者 36
3.1.4實驗控制變項 36
3.1.5實驗因變項 37
3.1.6實驗自變項 37
3.1.7實驗設計 38
3.1.8實驗程序 39
3.1.9分析方法 40
3.2實驗二:文章段落之閱讀績效測試 41
3.2.1實驗目的 41
3.2.2實驗材料 41
3.2.3受試者 44
3.2.4實驗因變項 44
3.2.5實驗自變項 45
3.2.6實驗設計 45
3.2.7實驗程序 46
3.2.8分析方法 47
第四章 實驗結果與討論 49
4.1實驗一:文章段落之目標搜尋績效測試結果49
4.1.1行長對視覺搜尋績效之影響 49
4.1.2段落大小對視覺搜尋績效之影響 52
4.1.3行長與段落大小之交互作用 54
4.2實驗二:文章段落之閱讀績效測試結果55
4.2.1行長對閱讀績效之影響 57
4.2.2段落大小對一般性閱讀績效之影響 59
4.2.3行長與段落大小之交互作用 60
第五章 結論與建議 62
5.1結論 62
5.2建議事項 63
參考文獻 66
附錄一 版面(一) 74
附錄二 版面(二) 75
附錄三 版面(三) 76
附錄四 版面(四) 77
附錄五 版面(五) 78
附錄六 版面(六) 79
附錄七 不同行長相對應搜尋速率之Tukey事後比較80
附錄八 不同行長相對應閱讀速率之Tukey事後比較81
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