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研究生:郭明清
研究生(外文):Ming-Ching Kuo
論文名稱:新型捲氣式臭氧反應器處理含酚廢水之研究
論文名稱(外文):Treatment of Phenolic Wastewater in a New Gas-Induced Reactor for Ozonation
指導教授:徐永錢徐永錢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yung-Chien Hsu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:155
中文關鍵詞:捲氣式反應器臭氧化臭氧利用率過氧化氫
外文關鍵詞:gas-induced reactorphenolozonationozone utilization ratehydrogen peroxide
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本研究採用新開發之捲氣式反應器,探討臭氧與臭氧/過氧化氫程序處理含酚水溶液之特性,內容中包括在不同pH值、酚初始濃度、臭氧進口濃度及過氧化氫劑量條件下,對酚之分解效果、臭氧利用率、以及反應過程中ADMI與TOC值之變化情形。
結果顯示在臭氧程序中,提高pH值、臭氧劑量,對於酚的去除率,均有明顯的上升,唯在pH值高於11時有抑制現象產生。實驗中亦發現臭氧利用率隨pH值之增加而上升,且在不同酚水溶液初濃度下,仍可維持高臭氧利用率。至於TOC之去除隨pH值與臭氧進口濃度之升高而有較佳之處理結果。溶液pH值與臭氧進口濃度影響反應過程中ADMI色度之變化:提高pH值會有較大的ADMI值出現,而增加臭氧進口濃度可以加速反應過程最大ADMI峰值之出現。在臭氧/過氧化氫程序中,適量添加過氧化氫,可加速酚濃度之降解與TOC之去除,並提高臭氧利用率。添加過氧化氫對於酚濃度降解與TOC去除之增進效果,隨pH值之提高,而快速遞減。過高的pH值或添加過量之過氧化氫,不但無法促進分解反應的作用,反而降低處理的效率。
在操作成本評估方面,以臭氧分解含酚廢水,在酚初始濃度約為600 mg/L與pH 9條件下,所需之成本最多約為 36.7 NT$/ton。

A newly developed gas-induced reactor was used in this study to investigate the behavior for the ozonation of phenol aqueous solution by means of O3 and O3/H2O2 processes. This paper investigated the decomposition effect of phenol, ozone utilization rate, and the variation of ADMI and TOC values during reaction, under the conditions of different pH values, phenol initial concentrations, ozone input concentrations and hydrogen peroxide dosages.
Experimental results of ozonation process demonstrated that there was clearly an uprising in the elimination of phenol with the increased in both pH value and ozone dosage, except for an occurrence of a restriction effect under pH 11. It was also found in this study that ozone utilization rate rose with the increase in pH value and still maintained at high values under various initial concentrations of phenol aqueous solution. A better treatment of TOC was attributed to the increase in both pH values and ozone input concentrations. During the reaction, ADMI value varied with the changes in pH value and ozone input concentration, and a higher ADMI value was resulted from the increase in pH value. Moreover, the increase in ozone input concentration could accelerate the occurrence of the maximum ADMI peak. In O3/H2O2 process, phenol decomposition, TOC removal, and ozone utilization rate were promoted by the proper addition of hydrogen peroxide. However, the improvement efficiencies of phenol decomposition and TOC removal showed a rapid decreased with increasing in pH value. Higher pH value or excess hydrogen peroxide dosage would not improve the ozonation but rather lower the treatment efficiency.
In operation costs, the highest cost needed for ozonation of phenolic wastewater at the phenol initial concentration of 600 mg/L and pH 9 is about 36.7 NT$/ton.

摘要……………………………………………………………I
英文摘要………………………………………………………III
致謝……………………………………………………………V
目錄……………………………………………………………VI
圖表索引………………………………………………………IX
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………1
第二章 文獻回顧………………………………………………4
2.1 臭氧與臭氧化反應……………………………………4
2.1.1 臭氧之一般性質……………………………………4
2.1.2 臭氧之製造…………………………………………7
2.1.3 臭氧自解反應機制及動力學………………………8
2.1.4 臭氧化反應之機制…………………………………12
2.2 臭氧/過氧化氫程序之反應機制………………………16
2.3 酚類有機化合物的一般性質……………………………18
2.4 酚之臭氧化反應機制……………………………………25
2.5 臭氧反應器種類………………………………………30
2.5.1 一般傳統反應器…………………………………30
2.5.2 本研究設備之基本構造及原理…………………31
第三章 實驗設備與方法………………………………………34
3.1 實驗設備………………………………………………39
3.2 實驗藥品與配製方法.…………………………………44
3.3 分析測定方法…………………………………………47
3.3.1 過氧化氫之定量……………………………………47
3.3.2 臭氧利用率…………………………………………48
3.3.3 總有機碳(TOC)分析…………………………………52
3.3.4 ADMI色度值 之分析………………………………53
3.4 實驗步驟………………………………………………55
3.4.1 預備實驗……………………………………………55
3.4.2 背景實驗……………………………………………60
3.4.3 以臭氧程序處理含酚水溶液實驗…………………61
3.4.4 以臭氧/過氧化氫程序處理含酚水溶液實驗………62
第四章 結果與討論……………………………………………64
4.1 背景實驗…………………………………………………65
4.1.1 酚水溶液揮發解離實驗……………………………65
4.1.2 過氧化氫之穩定性實驗……………………………66
4.1.3 以過氧氫分解酚水溶液實驗………………………66
4.2 以臭氧程序處理酚水溶液……………………………71
4.2.1 pH之影響……………………………………………71
4.2.1.A pH值對臭氧分解酚水溶液效果之影響………72
4.2.1.B pH值對TOC去除之影響……………………83
4.2.1.C pH值對臭氧利用率之影響…………………88
4.2.2 臭氧進口濃度效應…………………………………93
4.2.2.A 臭氧進口濃度與酚初濃度劑量比對酚水溶液分
解之影響………………………………………93
4.2.2.B 臭氧進口濃度對臭氧利用率…………………99
4.2.2.C 臭氧進口濃度對TOC值之影響………………102
4.2.3 反應過程中ADMI色度值變化情形………………105
4.3 以臭氧過氧化氫程序處理含酚水溶液之反應特性…116
4.3.1 酚水溶液濃度降解之動力分析……………………116
4.3.2 加入過氧化氫對酚水溶液降解之影響…………122
4.3.3 加入過氧化氫對於TOC去除之影響………………125
4.3.4 加入過氧化氫對於臭氧利用率之影響…………131
4.4 操作成本評估………………………………………135
第五章 結論與建議…………………………………………136
5.1 結論……………………………………………………136
5.2 建議………………………………………………139
第六章參考文獻……………………………………………140
第七章符號索引………………………………………………152
作者簡介 ………………………………………………………153

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