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研究生:李宜芳
研究生(外文):Lee I-Fang
論文名稱:國術學系學生與大專國術社團學生自我健康評估與危險因子之關係比較
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship and Comparison between Self-health assessment and Risk factorrs in Martial Arts major students and associations students
指導教授:蘇俊賢蘇俊賢引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Hsien Su
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:運動教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:1999
畢業學年度:87
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:自我健康評估危險因子國術
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本研究之目的在探討國術學系學生、大專國術社團學生與對照組(非運動性社團學生)等不同母群,其接受不同國術課程設計相關訓練處理之樣本,對自我健康評估和影響健康危險因子間的關係。次要目的則在於分析樣本目前全適能生活型態的實際情形,以提供日後國術教學設計與推廣國術健康的參考依據。
本研究採用之問卷,以Edlin & Golanty(1992):Health & Wellness 一書之全適能生活型態問卷、美國Presidential Sports Award Fitness(1983)手冊中之壓力行為反應量表與壓力生理反應量表為主軸,翻譯組合為「全適能生活型態與影響健康危險因子」為研究工具,其資料的分析由SPSS for Windows統計軟體執行。
研究結果發現:
1.國術學系學生與大專國術社團學生影響自我健康評估之危險因子不完全相同,其相同之危險因子有運動量與生理壓力。
2.國術學系學生與大專國術社團學生對自我健康評估認為健康以上者,其百分比率為47.6%、54.8%。
3.影響國術學系學生自我健康評估之危險因子以父母健康情形、生理壓力、運動量、遺傳、睡眠量與飲酒量等預測變項達危害健康水準,其中以父母健康情形為最有效之預測變項,其解釋效標變項之總變異數達15.6%。
4.影響大專國術社團學生自我健康評估之危險因子以運動量與生理壓力等預測變項達危害健康水準,其中以運動量為最有效之預測變項,其解釋效標變項之總變異數達28.9%。
5.國術學系學生與大專國術社團學生大部份有睡眠不足之現象,其百分比率為85.71%、85.23%。
6.國術學系學生、大專國術社團學生與對照組(非運動性社團學生)中,發現大部份女生在自我健康評估上較男性差。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of the self-health evaluation and the risk factors which affect health among different groups of the martial arts field students, the college martial arts association students and the control group ( non-exercised association students) under the situations of receiving different training designs of martial arts classes. The second purpose was to analyze the current wellness life style of the samples so the result can be used as the referent data for the future martial arts teaching designs and the martial arts health promotion.
The questionnaire of this research was based on the wellness life style questionnaire(Edlion & Golanty, 1992: Health & Wellness), the stress behavior scale and the stress physical scale of Presidential Sports Award Fitness (1983). It is translated and composed as Wellness Life Style And Risk Which Affect Health and was used as the research instrument. The data analysis was executed by the software of SPSS for Windows.
The research results showed the follows:
1. The risk factors of affected self-health evaluation between the Chinese martial arts field students and the college Chinese martial arts association student are not quite the same. Their common risk factors adequate exercise and physical stress.
2. The percentage of the Chinese martial arts field students and the college Chinese martial arts association students who evaluated self-health status above health level was 47.6% and 54.8%.
3. Among the risk factors that affected the Chinese martial arts field students self-health evaluation, the factors of parents health, physical stress, adequate exercise, descendent, sleeping volume and drink alcohol volume were the predictors which reach the level of risk health. Among all, the parents health was the most effective predictor that effected explain 15.6% of the total criterion measuring.
4. Among the risk factors that affected the college Chinese martial arts association students, the adequate exercise and physical stress were the predictors that reach the level of risk health. Among all, the adequate exercise was the most effective predictors. Its effected criterion explanation reach 28.9% of the total criterion measuring.
5. Most of the Chinese martial arts field students and the college Chinese martial arts association students had the phenomenon of not enough sleep. The percentage was 85.71% and 85.23%.
6. Among the Chinese martial arts field students, the college Chinese martial arts association students and the correspond group ( non-exercise association students), we found that most female students had the worst self-health evaluation, compared to male students.
第壹章緒論--------------------------------------------------------------1
一、研究動機------------------------------------------------2
二、研究目的------------------------------------------------3
三、研究假設------------------------------------------------4
四、研究範圍------------------------------------------------5
五、研究限制------------------------------------------------5
六、名詞解釋------------------------------------------------6
第貳章 文獻探討------------------------------------------------------8
一、國術健身的理念------------------------------------- 8
二、現代影響健康的觀念------------------------------10
三、國術訓練課程與現代健康觀------------------13
第參章 研究方法與步驟-----------------------------------------17
一、研究對象------------------------------------------------17
二、研究工具------------------------------------------------17
三、問卷編制------------------------------------------------18
四、問卷實施------------------------------------------------19
五、研究設計------------------------------------------------20
六、資料處理------------------------------------------------21
第肆章研究結果------------------------------------------------------22
一、國術學系、大專國術社團與非運動性社團學生效標變項與預測變項之次數與百分比率之描述統計量------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------22
二、國術學系學生、大專國術社團學生及非運動性社團學生自我健康評估與預測變項之相關性------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------44
三、國術學系、大專國術社團及非運動性社團學生危害健康之變項--------------------------53
四、影響國術學系、大專國術社團、非運動性社團學生之健康危險因子變項之排序55
第伍章討論-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------58
一、國術學系、大專國術社團與非運動性社團學生其變項之描述計量----------------------58
二、國術學系、大專國術社團與非運動性社團學生之自我健康評估與預測變項之相關------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------63
三、國術學系、大專國術社團與非運動性社團學生之健康危險因子其權重之排序------- 67
第陸章結論與建議 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 69
參考文獻------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 71
附錄一國術學系學生與大專國術社團學生自我健康評估與危險因子之關比較問卷----------------------78
中文部份
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