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研究生:楊健炘
研究生(外文):Chien-Shin Yang
論文名稱:輪椅族電腦工作站之人因研究
論文名稱(外文):Ergonomics Study of the VDT Workstation for Wheelchair Employees
指導教授:吳水丕吳水丕引用關係
指導教授(外文):Swei-pi Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:華梵大學
系所名稱:工業管理學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2000
畢業學年度:88
語文別:中文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:輪椅族螢幕鍵盤舒適性
外文關鍵詞:Wheelchair usersVDTKeyboardComfortable
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本研究旨在探討VDT工作站之配置對於輪椅族從事VDT作業時的影響。共有8位輪椅族參與實驗。實驗作業為文書資料輸入處理,實驗時間為30分鐘。研究變項包括螢幕高度、螢幕傾斜角度、鍵盤高度以及鍵盤傾斜角度,衡量效標則包括近點調節值(NPA),閃光融合閾值(CFF)以及施力知覺評量(RPE)。本研究共分為兩個實驗進行,每個實驗均採隨機化完全集區設計。實驗一旨在探討螢幕高度和傾斜角度對於視覺疲勞和施力知覺的效應;受試者均坐在輪椅上,鍵盤高度為上臂自然下垂時,下臂與手腕呈水平的姿勢;資料收集分析後,求出最適的螢幕高度和傾斜角度組合。實驗二旨在探討鍵盤高度和傾斜角度對於視覺疲勞和施力知覺的效應,螢幕的高度和傾斜角度係以第一個實驗之結果為基準,資料收集分析後當可發現最適的鍵盤高度和傾斜角度組合。結果發現,在螢幕高度與角度方面,無論在視覺疲勞(CFF、NPA)與肌肉骨骼問題(主觀偏好、RPE)方面,以螢幕高度位於眼高水準以及角度水平為最佳;而在鍵盤高度與角度方面,則以鍵盤與肘同高及角度水平為最佳。
綜合兩個實驗結果發現螢幕高度位於眼高水準或下調五公分、螢幕角度水平、鍵盤高度與肘同高和鍵盤角度水平的工作站配置組合較佳。依據此種組合可建立輪椅族的以身高為基準的VDT工作站配置矩陣,將可作為調整工作站時之參考依據,除了可降低輪椅族VDT作業時的視覺疲勞和肌肉骨骼系統之累積性傷害外,亦可增進其工作的舒適性,並可作為後續研究的參考。
The aim of this study is to assess the ergonomic characteristics of VDT workstations for wheelchair users. Four independent variables were evaluated in this study such as screen height, screen inclination, keyboard height and keyboard inclination. Critical fusion frequency (CFF), near point accommodation (NPA), subjective ranking of preference and rating perceived exertion (RPE) were also included as criterion variables. Two randomized complete block design experiments were executed in this study. A total of 8 males’ wheelchair users were recruited in the study. Each participant performed a data-entry task in a 30 minutes period using random order.
The first experiment investigated the effects of screen height and inclination on visual fatigue and RPE. Visual fatigue was measured and evaluated by CFF and NPA. Subjective preference was estimated by RPE and subjective ranking of preference. The seated postures of all participants during the data-entry operation were in upright postures. Their lower and upper arms are forming right angles with no wrist bending. The results show that the screen height and the screen inclination are significantly affected visual fatigue, RPE and subjective ranking of preference. It is suggested that the optimum choice of the screen height is in the eye-level height or 5 cm below it where the screen inclination is horizontal.
The second experiment explored the effects of keyboard height and inclination on visual fatigue and RPE. Visual fatigue was measured by the difference of CFF and NPA. The subjective preference was also evaluated by RPE and subjective ranking of preference. The screen height and inclination were based on the result from the first experiment. Furthermore, the subjects, design of experiment, experiment procedures and experiment tasks are the same as the first experiment. The results indicate that the keyboard height and the keyboard inclination are significantly affected subjective preference. Since the height and inclination of the screen are fixed, the effects upon the visual fatigue aren’t significant. Then, it is suggested that the keyboard height should be the same as their elbow-level or 5 cm lower with horizontal keyboard position when designing VDT workstation for wheelchair users.
In general, this study shows that: (1) the optimum choice of the screen height is in the eye-level height or 5 cm below it where the screen inclination is horizontal ; and (2) the keyboard height should be the same as their elbow-level or 5 cm lower with horizontal keyboard position when designing VDT workstation for wheelchair users. Additionally, an eye height-workstation setting matrix was developed. It is believed that the matrix was useful for a quick and convenient adjustment for wheelchair users. Not only the visual fatigue and cumulative traumas disorder (CTD) of musculoskeletal would decreased, but also increased the working comforts in VDT task.
中文摘要
英文摘要
目錄
圖目錄
表目錄
第一章 導論
第一節 研究背景與動機
第二節 研究目的
第三節 研究方法
第四節 研究流程
第五節 研究範圍及限制
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 前言
第二節 影響VDT作業績效的因素
第三節 VDT作業之衡量效標
第四節 VDT作業與視覺疲勞問題
第五節 VDT作業與肌肉骨骼問題
第六節 身心障礙者與VDT作業
第三章 螢幕高度與螢幕傾斜角度對於輪椅族操作VDT的影響
第一節 前言
第二節 研究方法
第三節 結果
第四節 討論
第四章 鍵盤高度與鍵盤傾斜角度對於輪椅族操作VDT的影響
第一節 前言
第二節 研究方法
第三節 結果
第四節 討論
第五章 輪椅族工作站配置矩陣之建立
第一節 VDT工作站的最適配置
第二節 輪椅族工作站配置矩陣的建立
第六章 結論與建議
第一節 結論
第二節 建議
參考文獻
附表一
附表二
附表三
附表四
附表五
附表六
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